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Section 8A .. A Question Of Salvation/Eternal Security

 

003white  Index To Section 8A.. A Question of Salvation       >         Two Phase Atonement

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Atonement

The Two Phase Atonement

Carol Brooks

Were our sins atoned for when Christ died on Calvary, which is the view held by the overwhelming majority of Christians? Or does the Bible give us a completely different timeline?

Index

Brief Overview of Salvation
Salvation... Now Or In The Future? Does Scripture Contradict Itself?

Were The Apostles Talking Through Their Collective Hats?

Yom Kippur and Passover

The Sprinkling of The Blood
The Presence of The Lord Signified by A Cloud
The Temple Fills with "Smoke"

Reconciled.. The Only Word Used Exclusively in The Past Tense.

The End Of The Age

The "Mystery" Of God Finishes Before The Seventh Angel Sounds

'Now And Not Yet' Salvation and The 'Now and Not Yet' Kingdom

Assurance of Faith

Twisting The Truth

What "Earnest" Means

Jesus Continues to Make Intercession For Us



Brief Overview of Salvation
Salvation is the central theme of the Bible... the warp and weft of the fabric of the gospel. Salvation for disciples of Christ is the unassailable promise of God and the only bright and shining star on a very dark horizon, encouraging Christians on an often long and difficult journey.

But what is salvation? Very briefly...

The Bible tells us that ".. the wages of sin is death" (Romans 6:23). In other words ALL sin carries the death penalty. Since life, both physically and symbolically, is in the blood, the penalty for sin is the shedding of blood... yours. Hebrews 9:22 says "... without shedding of blood there is no forgiveness". (For details see Salvation)

Each of the offerings and sacrifices of the Old Testament came with very specific instructions as to how, when and why they were to be offered to the Lord. Over and above the many grain and drink offerings there was a great diversity of animal sacrifices, the most important of which were the blood atonement offerings for sin. These were a graphic reminder that death is the decreed punishment for every wrongdoing (Leviticus 17:11). The animal symbolically bore the punishment of the person who sinned... its blood shed as a temporary substitute for the blood of the real offender. If this sounds extremely harsh to you, I strongly suggest you read The Message of the Bible, followed by The Warning of the Bible

While there were several different sin offerings made by the individual through the year (ex. Numbers 28), Yom Kippur or Day of Atonement, was the most solemn and important holy day of the Jewish calendar. It was the day on which the High Priest made an atoning sacrifice for the sins of the entire nation, which brought reconciliation between God and them.

     for it is on this day that atonement (Gk. kâphar) shall be made for you to cleanse you; you will be clean from all your sins before the Lord. (Leviticus 16:30 NASB)

However, since the book of Hebrews says "it is impossible that the blood of bulls and goats should take away sins" (10:4), the obvious question is what exactly the Old Testament sacrifices accomplished. The answer to which is seen in the Hebrew word kâphar, translated into the English 'atonement', in the verse above. While the Hebrew word figuratively means to expiate, condone, placate or appease, the literal definition gives us a better understanding of how the word is used. According to Strong’s Hebrew and Greek Lexicon, kâphar literally means "to cover (specifically with bitumen)". In fact, this is exactly how the word is used in Genesis 6. In the course of His instructions as to how the ark was to be built, God used kâphar, when He told Noah to cover the inside and the outside of the ark with pitch.

    Make for yourself an ark of gopher wood; you shall make the ark with rooms, and shall cover (Gk. kâphar) it inside and out with pitch.  (Genesis 6:14 NASB)

In other words, the animal sacrifices of the OT were but a temporary measure that covered over a person's sin but, as Hebrews 10:4 says, did not take it away. In fact Yom Kippur was a 'type', or foreshadowing, of a future event that had yet to occur. It pointed to the once and for all sacrifice of Jesus on Calvary... a one-time event that did not need to be repeated every year (Hebrews 10:10-12). Unlike the Old Testament sacrifices, Calvary did not temporarily cover over the sin, but as John wrote... "Christ is "the lamb of God, who takes away the sins of the world" (John 1:29)

See The Seven Feasts of Israel, each of which celebrates a historical event in Israel's past, but is also a prophecy of future events. Four of these events have already come to pass, which means three will be fulfilled in the future.

Which brings us to a crucially important question....

When Does Salvation Occur?
If asked, Christians will give you a wide variety of answers to the question of when a person is fully and finally saved.

 Some will tell you that God's elect were saved in the dim mists of God's eternity. Others that a person is saved when he prays the sinners prayer, when he is baptized, or when he joins a church. Yet others will say that salvation comes when the person has received the Holy Spirit and spoken in tongues, or been born again. Some Christians are apparently able to recall the specific date on which they thought they were saved, and the specific circumstances surrounding that event.

 [See Baptism and Tongues and The Second Blessing]

Perhaps the most popular answer to the question of when someone is actually saved is when they make a sincere confession of faith in Jesus ...when they "call upon the name of the Lord". (Romans 10:13)

However, those who are actually interested in what the Bible says on the subject, as opposed to what parents, pastors, friends, or denomination believe or teach, will run across some rather confusing statements regarding this extremely crucial crucial matter. Statements that, more often than not, seem to flatly contradict each other.


Salvation... Now Or In The Future? Does Scripture Contradict Itself?
The New Testament sometimes says that salvation is an accomplished reality but, at other times, says it is still in the future, a seeming contradiction that is not limited to salvation alone. This inconsistency also occurs with bewildering regularity in statements about other topics of crucial importance... justification, redemption, glorification, and adoption.

Lets look at some examples. (Unless otherwise stated, Bible quotations are from the NASB with all emphasis added)

Salvation
Past:
Ephesians 2:8-9 states that Christians have already been saved

    For by grace you have been saved through faith; and that not of yourselves, it is the gift of God; not as a result of works, so that no one may boast. (Ephesians 2:8-9 NASB)

Present:
But 1 Corinthians 1:18 says the process is ongoing

    For the word of the cross is foolishness to those who are perishing, but to us who are being saved it is the power of God. (1 Corinthians 1:18 NASB)

      (Note: The KJV has this verse as "to us who are saved". However Young's literal translation and many others translate this verse as "to us who are being saved ", because it reflects a greater degree of accuracy and faithfulness to the Greek, which has both perishing and saved in present tense, continuous action verbs. Vincent's Word Studies also says the Greek reads "being saved: in process of salvation").

Future:
While Matthew 10:22 says it is still in the future

    You will be hated by all because of My name, but it is the one who has endured to the end who will be saved.  (Matthew 10:22 NASB)

As does Romans 13:11

    Do this, knowing the time, that it is already the hour for you to awaken from sleep; for now salvation is nearer to us than when we believed.  (Romans 13:11 NASB)

While 1 Thessalonians 5:8 takes it a step further, speaking of the "hope" of salvation

    ... let us be sober, having put on the breastplate of faith and love, and as a helmet, the hope of salvation. (1 Thessalonians 5:8 NASB)

Redemption
Past:
Several verses in Scripture refer to Redemption as a done deal...

    being justified as a gift by His grace through the redemption which is in Christ Jesus; (Romans 3:24 NASB)

    In Him we have redemption through His blood, the forgiveness of our trespasses, according to the riches of His grace (Ephesians 1:7 NASB)

    in whom we have redemption, the forgiveness of sins. (Colossians 1:14 NASB)

Future:
However, other verses say we are awaiting redemption. The first quote is by the Savior Himself.

    Then they will see the Son Of Man coming in a cloud with power and great glory. "But when these things begin to take place, straighten up and lift up your heads, because your redemption is drawing near." (Luke 21:27-28 NASB) 

    who is given as a pledge of our inheritance, with a view to the redemption of God's own possession, to the praise of His glory. (Ephesians 1:14. NASB)

    Which is the earnest (arrhabon) of our inheritance until the redemption of the purchased possession, unto the praise of his glory" (Ephesians 1:14 KJV)

    Do not grieve the Holy Spirit of God, by whom you were sealed for the day of redemption. (Ephesians 4:30)


Adoption
Past:
Romans 8:15 says we have been adopted into God's family

    For you have not received a spirit of slavery leading to fear again, but you have received a spirit of adoption as sons by which we cry out, "Abba! Father!" (Romans 8:15)

Future:
But, just a few verses later we read that we are still awaiting adoption

    And not only this, but also we ourselves, having the first fruits of the Spirit, even we ourselves groan within ourselves, waiting eagerly for our adoption as sons, the redemption of our body. (Romans 8:23).


Glorification

Future:
A similar situation arises with the Biblical doctrine of glorification.

    and if children, heirs also, heirs of God and fellow heirs with Christ, if indeed we suffer with Him so that we may also be glorified with Him. (Romans 8:17)

Past:
But just a few lines later we read that we have already been glorified.

    "... these whom He called, He also justified; and these whom He justified, He also glorified. (Romans 8:30)

Future:
While Colossians speaks of the "hope of Glory"

    to whom God willed to make known what is the riches of the glory of this mystery among the Gentiles, which is Christ in you, the hope of glory.


Justification

The verb ‘justified’ and the noun ’righteousness’ are both derivatives of the same Greek root word dikaios which, by implication, means innocent or holy

Past:
Therefore, having been justified (Greek. dikaioo) by faith, we have peace with God through our Lord Jesus Christ, (Romans 5:1 NASB)

Future:
For we through the Spirit, by faith, are waiting for the hope of righteousness (Greek dikaiosune). (Galatians 5:5 NASB)


Seated In the Heavenly Realm.
There is one very confusing verse in Ephesians, which projects Christians as already seated with Christ in "heavenly places"

    and raised us up with Him, and seated us with Him in the heavenly places in Christ Jesus, (Ephesians 2:6 NASB)

While Colossians 3:1 says

    Therefore if you have been raised up with Christ, keep seeking the things above, where Christ is, seated at the right hand of God. (Colossians 3:1 NASB)

Which again is contradictory. Either we are seated with Him in the heavenly realm OR He is above us, seated with God. Although Ephesians 2:6 cannot be taken literally, it still contradicts Colossians 3:1.


The Only Exception
The only exception to this mishmash of tenses is with the English words 'reconcile' and 'reconciliation' which is always in the past tense... for  good reason. I will, however, come to this later.


Were The Apostles Talking Through Their Collective Hats?
Unfortunately, very few Christians seem to realize that these discrepancies even exist, since we so often tend to read Bible verses without really absorbing them. And a few who have realized there is a contradiction in tenses have tried to harmonize them with their belief that you are already completely saved. But, as is so often the case, much speaking is used to explain the unexplainable, usually resulting in a totally unconvincing patch up job.

Let's get down to brass tacks... an event cannot be both past and future. Either the authors of the New Testament were talking through their collective hats, or what we believe does not entirely square with what the Bible says.

So what is the answer? Are we saved now, or not? Can we be assured we have salvation now, or is it something we have to strive and hope for. Have we already been adopted as sons, or are we eagerly waiting for this adoption? Are we righteous now, or is it yet a distant hope?

I am afraid to say, the answer to all of the above questions is .. BOTH. But to properly understand that concept requires a more complete understanding of the atonement.


Yom Kippur and Passover
Yom Kippur
The author of Hebrews both compared and contrasted the prescribed ritual of Yom Kippur (Day of Atonement) carried out by the High Priest in the Old Testament, with Christ's redeeming sacrifice on the cross. He tells us how the imperfect observances on Yom Kippur were but a type, or shadow of the perfect to come.

In the Old Testament, the temple was made up of three parts. The outer court with an entrance on the East side was as far as the common man could go. The tabernacle itself was covered and divided into two... the Holy Place which only the priests were allowed to enter and the Holiest Place, the innermost and most sacred area where God appeared in the cloud over the mercy seat. The Holy of Holies was separated from the Holy Place by a large and very ornate curtain or veil.

Only the high priest could go behind the veil into the Holy of Holies, and that only once a year on Yom Kippur or the Day Of Atonement when he entered into the presence of God to atone for the sins of the nation.

With that in mind, let us take a closer and more diligent look at the actions of the High Priest on the Day of Atonement.

Skipping over the ritual washings and prescribed garments etc. which do not particularly relate to the topic at hand (to read the entire account go to Leviticus 16), we are told that Aaron could not offer the sacrifice for the sins of the people until his own sins had been 'covered over'. This meant that he first had to offer the prescribed sacrifice of a bullock for his own sins, followed by the sacrifice of a goat for the sins of the people. This is an extremely brief summary of the yearly ritual that Aaron followed without the slightest deviation.

    He first sacrificed a bullock, then took the blood inside the veil, along with a 'fire pan' of burning coals and two handfuls of finely ground sweet incense. As the cloud of incense covered the mercy seat, Aaron took some of the blood of the bull and using his finger, sprinkled it on, and in front of the mercy seat, seven times (V.12-14). Note that the "cloud of incense" referred to can be nothing more than fragrant smoke.

    After this Aaron obviously went out again, slaughtered the goat, which was the sin offering for the people, then brought its blood inside the veil and repeated the ritual, sprinkling the blood on, and in front of, the mercy seat (V. 15).

It is very apparent that just the shedding of the blood outside the tabernacle was NOT an end in itself ... it had to be brought to God and 'offered' as an atonement for sin. It was, as Russell Kelly puts it, a "recorded receipt of the finished atonement". [01] In a manner of speaking, 'proof 'that the price had been paid. In other words each atonement was a two part process...

    a) The sacrifice of the animals which probably took place on the brazen altar situated immediately inside the entrance to the tabernacle

    b) The sprinkling of the blood on and in front of the Mercy Seat, inside the inner sanctuary of the Tabernacle.

However the point has to be emphasized that the sacrifices and rituals of Yom Kippur were a pattern, or a glimpse of an actual event yet to come. (For More Information See The Seven Feasts of Israel) Since nothing that Aaron did was without significance, both parts of the ritual had to be a foreshadowing of something to come.  

Passover
Similarly, when the Egyptians refused to give the Jews their freedom in spite of despite plague after plague being visited on them by God, the Israelites were given very explicit instructions... They were to sacrifice a lamb and place the blood upon the door posts and lintels of their homes. That night the angel of God "passed over" the houses of the Jews that were covered by the lamb's blood, but caused the death of the first-born of all families in the houses that were not. Exodus 12:13 says

    The blood shall be a sign for you on the houses where you live; and when I see the blood I will pass over you, and no plague will befall you to destroy you when I strike the land of Egypt.  (Exodus 12:13 NASB)

The point being that sacrificing the lamb was not enough. They had to do something with the blood, i.e., put it on the two door posts and on the lintel of the houses. If the angel didn't see the blood, the first born died.


The Sprinkling of The Blood
Again, bearing in mind that the details of the ceremony on Yom Kippur were laid out by God as a type of an event yet to take place [See Typology], and that Aaron twice brought the blood of the sacrificed animal inside the veil, and sprinkled it on, and in front of, the mercy seat, we turn to the ultimate sacrifice made by Jesus on Calvary.

Just as the blood of the goat was shed, Jesus' blood was shed for the atonement of sin, but that blood has (in a sense) to be sprinkled on the Mercy Seat, which is when the atonement actually happens. In other words, the blood has to be offered to, and accepted by, God.

There are, in fact, two verses in the New Testament which actually speak of this "sprinkling" of Jesus' blood...

    1) according to a foreknowledge of God the Father, in sanctification of the Spirit, to obedience and sprinkling (Gk. rhantismos) of the blood of Jesus Christ: Grace to you and peace be multiplied (1 Peter 1:2 YLT)

    according to the foreknowledge of God, the Father, in holiness of spirit, for obedience and sprinkling (Gk. rhantismos) of the blood of Jesus Christ: May grace and peace be multiplied to you!" (1 Peter 1:2 CLV)

    Elect according to the foreknowledge of God the Father, through sanctification of the Spirit, unto obedience and sprinkling (Gk. rhantismos) of the blood of Jesus Christ: Grace unto you, and peace, be multiplied.  (1 Peter 1:2 KJV)

    2) and to Jesus, the mediator of a new covenant, and to the sprinkled (Gk. rhantismos) blood, which speaks better than the blood of Abel (Hebrews 12:24 NASB)

Please note that I have quoted the King James version and two literal translations of 1 Peter 1:2 (Young's Literal Translation and the Concordant Literal Version). This because both the ASV (American Standard Version) and the NASB (New American Standard Bible) say believers have to be sprinkled which is not what the Greek says.

    (There is only one mention of people being sprinkled with blood. In Exodus 24:8, Moses sprinkled the blood of young bulls, sacrificed as peace offerings to the Lord, on the people. Since no covenant was considered to be binding without the blood of a sacrifice, this sprinkling was to ratify the agreement made between God and the people. It had nothing to do with sin-offerings which hadn’t even been instituted. See Footnote I. It was only on Yom Kippur (again a type of the momentous event yet to come), that blood of the sacrifice was sprinkled in relation to the atonement for sin. Aaron twice brought the blood of the sacrificed animal inside the veil, and sprinkled it on, and in front of, the mercy seat.)

The Greek word, used in 1 Peter 1:2 and Hebrews 12:24, literally means what it says... sprinkle. You can say that Jesus' blood on Calvary poured out, dripped, gushed, oozed etc. But, not by any stretch of the imagination was it ever sprinkled. So when did (or does) the second part of the ritual actually happen?

A clue to answering that question is found in another of the high priests' actions on Yom Kippur, which was also part and parcel of the ritual. On that day, Aaron burned two handfuls of finely ground sweet incense on a 'fire pan' of burning coals and brought it inside the veil just before he sprinkled the blood of the bull on the Mercy Seat.

 
The Presence of The Lord Signified by A Cloud
Old Testament
In the Old Testament, clouds were a common manifestation of God's presence. For example, He led the Israelites through the wilderness by going before them "in a pillar of cloud by day to lead them on the way, and in a pillar of fire by night to give them light, that they might travel by day and by night" . (Exodus 13:21 NASB) He spoke to the nation through Moses from a cloud, and appeared in a cloud over the mercy seat inside the veil of the temple, an area that was forbidden to everyone, except Aaron on the day of Atonement.

    It came about as Aaron spoke to the whole congregation of the sons of Israel, that they looked toward the wilderness, and behold, the glory of the Lord appeared in the cloud. (Exodus 16:10 NASB)

    The Lord said to Moses, "Behold, I will come to you in a thick cloud, so that the people may hear when I speak with you and may also believe in you forever." (Exodus 19:9 NASB)

    Moses was not able to enter the tent of meeting because the cloud had settled on it, and the glory of the Lord filled the tabernacle. (Exodus 40:35 NASB)

    The Lord said to Moses: "Tell your brother Aaron that he shall not enter at any time into the holy place inside the veil, before the mercy seat which is on the ark, or he will die; for I will appear in the cloud over the mercy seat. (Leviticus 16:2 NASB)

New Testament
God the Father was associated with a cloud on at least one occasion in the New Testament.

    While he was still speaking, a bright cloud overshadowed them, and behold, a voice out of the cloud (Gk. nephele) said, "This is My beloved Son, with whom I am well-pleased; listen to Him!"  (Matthew 17:5 NASB)

Clouds are associated with Christ, who will return the same way he left... in a cloud.

    And after He had said these things, He was lifted up while they were looking on, and a cloud received Him out of their sight. And as they were gazing intently into the sky while He was going, behold, two men in white clothing stood beside them. They also said, "Men of Galilee, why do you stand looking into the sky? This Jesus, who has been taken up from you into heaven, will come in just the same way as you have watched Him go into heaven." (Acts 1:9-11 NASB)

    Then they will see The Son Of Man coming in a cloud (Gk. nephele) with power and great glory. (Luke 21:27 NASB)

    Then I looked, and behold, a white cloud, and sitting on the cloud (Gk. nephele) was one like a son of man, having a golden crown on His head and a sharp sickle in His hand. And another angel came out of the temple, crying out with a loud voice to Him who sat on the cloud (Gk. nephele), "Put in your sickle and reap, for the hour to reap has come, because the harvest of the earth is ripe." (Revelation 14:14-15 NASB)

Note that the Greek word translated "cloud" is nephele which, as the following example shows, is quite definitely what we see in the sky.

    And He was also saying to the crowds, "When you see a cloud (Gk. nephele) rising in the west, immediately you say, 'A shower is coming,' and so it turns out.  (Luke 12:54 NASB)

However, clouds and smoke are two very different things. Clouds are a visible body of very fine water droplets, or ice particles, suspended in the atmosphere, while smoke comes from burning organic material.

In the New Testament, the Greek word kapnos, translated 'smoke', is used once in the book of Acts and 12 times in Revelation. Several of these occurrences make it clear that the kapnos means actual smoke.. a result of something burning.

    And the smoke (Gk. kapnos) of the incense, with the prayers of the saints, went up before God out of the angel's hand.  (Revelation 8:4 NASB)

    He opened the bottomless pit, and smoke (Gk. kapnos) went up out of the pit, like the smoke of a great furnace; and the sun and the air were darkened by the smoke of the pit. (Revelation 9:2 NASB)

    For this reason in one day her plagues will come, pestilence and mourning and famine, and she will be burned up with fire; for the Lord God who judges her is strong. "And the kings of the earth, who committed acts of immorality and lived sensuously with her, will weep and lament over her when they see the smoke (Gk. kapnos) of her burning, (Revelation 18:8-9 NASB)

The presence of the Lord was never manifested in, or by, smoke. So why then does the temple fill with smoke in the final days?


The Temple Fills with "Smoke"
Orthodox theology believes that God has accepted the sacrifice of Christ's blood (either when it happened on the cross or when Christ ascended into Heaven), therefore sin has already been put away for the true believer. As one Christian author writes...

    We should always bear in mind that Jesus did not ascend into heaven because his atoning work was finished; rather, he ascended as our high priest to finish his atoning work. There, in the holiest place of heaven, Jesus "appeared to put away sin by the sacrifice of himself" (Heb. 9:26). It was this sacrifice of Christ in heaven, and God's acceptance of it, not just his horrible death, which purchased our redemption. [02]

However, that is not what the author of Hebrews says at all. As Hebrews 9:24-26 draws a parallel between Aaron and Christ, pay attention to the tenses, particularly in verse 24.

    (24) For Christ did not enter a holy place made with hands, a mere copy of the true one, but into heaven itself, now to appear in the presence of God for us; (25) nor was it that He would offer Himself often, as the high priest enters the holy place year by year with blood that is not his own. (26) Otherwise, He would have needed to suffer often since the foundation of the world; but now once at the consummation of the ages He has been manifested to put away sin by the sacrifice of Himself. (27) And inasmuch as it is appointed for men to die once and after this comes judgment, (28) so Christ also, having been offered once to bear the sins of many, will appear a second time for salvation without reference to sin, to those who eagerly await Him. (Hebrews 9:24-28 NASB )

Verses 24 says Christ "did not" enter a man made holy place, then goes on to use the future tense when it says He is "to appear" before God for us. Verses 28 also uses the future tense when it says Christ "will appear" a second time for salvation".

    Note: verse 26 says "He has been manifested to put away sin", which may be a little confusing to some... "Has been" is the perfect tense which, in English, indicates the past. However, in the original Hebrew and Greek, the authors of the Bible often used this tense to indicate a future action as if it were already done. And there is a good reason for this... They knew that when God said something would take place it would, without the slightest shadow of a doubt, happen. Therefore they used the past tense to emphasize the certainty of a future event. (Note that, in the vast majority of cases, the translators did not literally translated the perfect tense, but changed it into the future tense, presumably in an attempt to avoid confusing the reader) [See More About This Use of Tenses in Footnote II

In other words, the future tense is used three times in the four verses.

So when does Christ appear in the presence of God for us/appear a second time for salvation? Verse 26 s very specific about the timing ... at the consummation of the ages.

Apart from Isaiah 6:4, there are only two occasions in the entire Bible when actual smoke filled the temple, which makes it entirely likely that these two occurrences are connected.

    1) Once a year, Aaron, the High Priest, entered into the presence of God in the Holy of Holies to atone for the sins of the nation, he not only carried with him the blood which was to be sprinkled on, and in front of, the Mercy Seat, but also a fire-pan full of coals of fire from the altar, and two handfuls of finely ground sweet incense. He put the incense on the fire before the Lord so that the cloud of incense covered the mercy seat (Leviticus 16:12-13) and, undoubtedly, filled the inner temple.

    2) Just before the Seven Bowls are poured out on the earth, Revelation 15:8 says "And the temple was filled with smoke (Gk. kapnos) from the glory of God and from His power; and no one was able to enter the temple until the seven plagues of the seven angels were finished" (NASB).

It is hard not to see that the smoke filling the temple at this point in the end times has huge significance.

It is now that the second and final stage of the two part ritual of the yearly Yom Kippur atonement is fulfilled. The sacrifice was made and blood shed on Calvary so long ago but now, more than two centuries later, smoke once again fills the temple and no one is able to enter as Christ the High Priest appears before the face of the Lord for us, putting away sin (Hebrews 9:24-26).

And how does He do that?

Whether literally or figuratively, Christ puts away sin by the sprinkling of His blood (1 Peter 1:2, Hebrews 12:24) on the Mercy Seat. His sacrifice is literally offered to the Father and accepted by Him.

The atonement now complete, Jesus can now gather together His sons of the Kingdom (The Rapture) and God's wrath can be completed in the Seven Bowls. [See The End of The Age]


But What About Isaiah 6:4?
Many commentators believe that when Isaiah wrote that "the temple was filling with smoke" (6:4) he was referring to "the cloud" which was the visible symbol of Divinity in the Old Testament. However, Isaiah used the Hebrew word âshân (smoke) not ânân.

However, it is important to note that Isaiah was not allowed to enter the Holy of Holies, a prerogative reserved for the High Priest alone, once a year on Yom Kippur. (in 8:2, Isaiah mentions Uriah as being the high priest). Therefore, when the prophet said he saw the "Lord sitting on a throne, lofty and exalted, with the train of His robe filling the temple", he could not have literally seen the Father in the Holy of Holies, but had to be describing a vision.

Additionally, the account goes on to say that the angel touched Isaiah's lips with a burning coal (literally, "a hot stone") which he took from the altar with tongs, telling him that his iniquity had been taken away and his sins forgiven (Vs. 5-7). There were only two places in the temple where a fire was kept continuously burning.

    1) Incense was burned twice a day on the gold altar located in front of the curtain that separated the Holy Place from the Holy of Holies.  (Exodus 30:6-7)

     2) The fire on the altar of sacrifice in the courtyard was initially kindled by the Father Himself (Leviticus 9:24) and was never allowed to go out. (Leviticus 6: 13-14).

(In view of the fact that the angel told the prophet that his sins had been forgiven, the hot stone probably came from the altar of sacrifice).

The point being that when Isaiah said "the temple was filling with smoke", he was not referring to the "Holy of Holies " but to the outer courtyard of to the Most Holy Place. The Holy of Holies only filled with smoke on Yom Kippur.

He shall take a firepan full of coals of fire from upon the altar before the Lord and two handfuls of finely ground sweet incense, and bring it inside the veil. (Leviticus 16:12 NASB)


Reconciled, The Only Word Exclusively in The Past Tense.
As previously mentioned, the only exception to the variety of tenses was the English words 'reconcile' and 'reconciliation', which is always in the past tense. This is one reason people believe....

    The Bible truth is that the atonement took place at Christ's ascension. This is why Paul could talk in the past tense about already receiving the atonement: We also joy in God through our Lord Jesus Christ, by whom we have now received the atonement. (Rom. 5:11)  [03]

Note: The Greek word katallage was translated atonement only in the King James version of Romans 5:11. In every other case, the Greek katallage and katallasso have been translated 'reconciliation' and 'reconcile'... with good reason. Reconcile means to reestablish a close relationship. A reconciliation takes place when two people or groups become friendly again after an argument or disagreement. One gets a good sense of the word as it is used in 1 Corinthians

    But to the married I give instructions, not I, but the Lord, that the wife should not leave her husband (but if she does leave, she must remain unmarried, or else be reconciled (Gk. katallasso) to her husband), and that the husband should not divorce his wife. (1 Corinthians 7:10-11 NASB)

But, if Christ reconciled us to the Father, doesn't it mean that we are already completely saved?

Unfortunately not!

When Christ paid the price for sin by sacrificing Himself, He removed the obstacle that prevented us from returning to God. As the ancient prophet wrote, our sins have put a barrier between us and God.

    But your iniquities have made a separation between you and your God, and your sins have hidden His face from you so that He does not hear.  (Isaiah 59:2 NASB)

We need to look a little more closely at Romans 5, quoted above.

    For if while we were enemies we were reconciled (Gk. katallasso) to God through the death of His Son, much more, having been reconciled (Gk. katallasso), we shall be saved by His life. And not only this, but we also exult in God through our Lord Jesus Christ, through whom we have now received the reconciliation (Gk. katallage). (Romans 5:10- 11 NASB)

Paul very clearly says having been reconciled, we shall be saved by Christ's life.

While there are differences of opinion as to what being saved by "Christ's life" means, the fact remains that there is a difference between reconciliation and salvation. The removal of the obstacle was but the first step, without which nothing else would have been possible.

It makes perfect sense that this word is never used in the future tense.


The End Of The Age

The "Mystery" Of God Finishes Before The Seventh Angel Sounds
There are only two ages spoken of in Scripture.. this age and the age to come. When one ends, the other begins. [See Matthew 12:32, Mark 10:30; Luke 18:30, Ephesians 1:21]. As described in the book of Revelation, the kingdoms of this world will be destroyed (See Two Babylons) and replaced by the Kingdom of God, which we also call "Heaven".

See What and Where is Heaven www.inplainsite.org/html/heaven.html

The point of demarcation is the blowing of the Seventh Trumpet which is, in a sense, the most consequential of all the judgments, since at this call significant changes take place (the general tenor of the verses gives one the impression that they take place very rapidly). However, note that, as the verse below says, the mystery of God is finished as the seventh angel is about to sound. In other words, the mystery of God will be complete just before the blowing of the seventh trumpet.

    but in the days of the voice of the seventh angel, when he is about to sound, then the mystery of God is finished, as He preached to His servants the prophets. (Revelation 10:7 NASB)

But what is this "mystery of God"?

We usually think of a mystery as something that is difficult to understand, or even incomprehensible... something that we have to figure out. For example a murder mystery is a "whodunit", where the puzzle itself is the main feature of interest. However, this is not what the Bible means by "mystery".  In Scripture, the word refers to something that has not yet been revealed. The “mystery of God” is referred to several times in the New Testament and points to the Gospel.. the heart of which is salvation through the atonement. [See Footnote III for more on this “mystery”]

So when Revelation 10:7 says "the mystery of God is finished" it means that the doors to the Kingdom are closed forever... there will be no more opportunity for anyone who has not yet accepted God's offer of salvation to do so.

In other words, it is at this point that the mystery is finished, the doors of salvation close, and the age ends.

With the blowing of the seventh trumpet, Jesus appears before the Face of God for us and, for those who are His followers, the atonement will be complete. After which Christ reaps the earth (what we call the Rapture)... taking His people off it before God rains down the Seven Bowls, which is the final end of all the kingdoms of this earth.

    Note: The sole purpose of the Rapture is to get believers out of harm's way while the wrath of God, in the form of the Seven Bowls is poured down on the earth.

See
 [See
The Judgment of God...The First Six Trumpets

That Earth Shaking Seventh Trumpet]

and  The Rapture


Now And Not Yet Salvation

So, the Bible telling us that we have been saved, are being saved and will be saved, is not at all contradictory. We have been saved through faith (Ephesians 2:8), but the salvation process, that had its beginning as a watershed event on Calvary, will be concluded at an event in the near future. We are finally saved when, immediately after the Great Tribulation and just before the sounding of the Seventh Trumpet, smoke fills the temple as Christ our high priest appears before the face of God for us, and (literally or figuratively) sprinkles His blood on the Mercy Seat.


The Now and Not Yet Kingdom
Since 'Salvation' and the 'Kingdom of God' are inextricably linked... we are saved at the end of this age (when man's kingdoms are totally and finally destroyed) and the simultaneous beginning of the next (when God's ushers in His kingdom). Therefore, it is hardly surprising that the "Now And Not Yet" scenario applies to both salvation and the Kingdom, which is why the Gospel authors also used different tenses in reference to the Kingdom. (All Emphasis Added)

Jesus made one statement, reported in three Gospels, that is so enigmatic that its meaning has been disputed for a very long time. He told His disciples that some of them standing there with Him would not taste death until they see the kingdom of God. However, an interesting, but little known, fact is that, in the original Greek, all three of the authors used different tenses for the word translated 'come' or 'coming', an important detail that has not been carried over into English Translations, which use exactly the same tense in all three accounts.

    For whoever is ashamed of Me and My words, the Son of Man will be ashamed of him when He comes (Gk. elthe) in His glory, and the glory of the Father and of the holy angels. "But I say to you truthfully, there are some of those standing here who will not taste death until they see the kingdom of God. (Luke 9:26-27 NASB)

    For the Son of Man is going to come (erchesthai) in the glory of His Father with His angels, and will then repay every man according to his deeds. "Truly I say to you, there are some of those who are standing here who will not taste death until they see the Son of Man coming (Gk. erchomenon) in His kingdom. (Matthew 16:27-28 NASB)

    For whoever is ashamed of Me and My words in this adulterous and sinful generation, the Son of Man will also be ashamed of him when He comes in the glory of His Father with the holy angels." And Jesus was saying to them, "Truly I say to you, there are some of those who are standing here who will not taste death until they see the kingdom of God after it has come (Gk. elelythuian) with power. (Mark 8:38-9:1 NASB)

As pointed out by Robertson's Word Pictures of the New Testament, Luke has only "see the kingdom of God," while Matthew has "see the Son of man coming" (erchomenon, present participle, a process). Mark has "see the kingdom of God come" (eleluthuian, perfect active participle, already come) and adds "with power."

And while the Greek grammar in this case might be immensely complicated, the fact remains that Matthew, Mark and Luke used different tenses for the arrival of the Kingdom, for which there has to be a reason.


The Kingdom... "at Hand" or "Already In Their Midst"?
In fact, this is very similar to the "kingdom of God" Jesus said He was "sent" to proclaim (Luke 4:43). More than once, Jesus told His listeners that the kingdom was at hand. He even spoke of the coming of the Kingdom in glory, when He would be accompanied by His angels

    but go rather to the lost sheep of the house of Israel. And as ye go, preach, saying, The kingdom of heaven is at hand. (Matthew 10:6-7)

    Now after John was delivered up, Jesus came into Galilee, preaching the gospel of God, and saying, The time is fulfilled, and the kingdom of God is at hand: repent ye, and believe in the gospel. (Mark 1:14-15)

    But when the Son of man shall come in his glory, and all the angels with him, then shall he sit on the throne of his glory: (Matthew 25:31)

All of which makes it sound like the kingdom of God was something that would come about only at some future date... that it was strictly an end time message. However, on the other hand, Jesus also said the Kingdom of God was already in their midst.. (Since Jesus was speaking to the ritual bound Pharisees who's hearts were far from clean, He was unlikely to be referring to the the kingdom being within them, but to the fact that the Kingdom was already present among them)

    Now having been questioned by the Pharisees as to when the kingdom of God was coming, He answered them and said, "The kingdom of God is not coming with signs to be observed; nor will they say, 'Look, here it is!' or, 'There it is!' For behold, the kingdom of God is in your midst." (Luke 17:20-21 NASB)

So how could the kingdom be "at hand" and "already in their midst?

The answer is relatively simple. When Jesus spoke of the kingdom of God, it was not in terms of real estate, but authority. The primary meaning of the Greek word basileia in the first-century was "reign, rule, authority, sovereignty." And this 'rule of God' does not arrive all at one time, but emerges in three separate stages, one of which is yet in the future.

    Stage One: When Jesus reiterated the message preached by John The Baptist, proclaiming that the kingdom was "at hand" or near (Matthew 3:2 and 4:17), He was not saying that the kingdom was arriving in fullness, but that its initial stages had come... Its King had entered the world, verifying who He was by fulfilling prophecy, and demonstrating the arrival of the reign of God with mighty deeds.

    Stage Two: Shortly after Jesus physically left earth, His kingdom, which until that point had consisted of a handful of discouraged followers, took a gigantic step forward at Pentecost.

    Stage Three: However this kingdom (in every sense of the word) will only be fully realized when Jesus physically returns to earth and takes it over, destroying His enemies and ruling from Jerusalem. This final consummation, or fulfillment, of the kingdom of God on earth, has always been the ultimate goal.

For Details See The Kingdom... When?


Assurance of Faith
Tragically, the term "saved" is all too often used to mean a salvation that we now have and which cannot be lost. Regardless of whether or not your parents, denomination, pastor, or school of theology has told you (or even know themselves), the Scriptures are very clear... Complete deliverance will not be realized until Christ "has been" manifested to put away sin at the end of the ages, when He (Jesus) will appear "before the face of God for us". (Hebrews 9:24, 26).

However, when we become disciples of Christ, we have a full assurance that everything will happen as God promised... He does not lie.

    let us draw near with a sincere heart in full assurance of faith, having our hearts sprinkled clean from an evil conscience and our bodies washed with pure water. Let us hold fast the confession of our hope without wavering, for He who promised is faithful; (Hebrews 10: 22-23)

God has in fact given us something of value to bind the transaction, the word "earnest" signifying a token of what is to come.

    In Him, you also, after listening to the message of truth, the gospel of your salvation--having also believed, you were sealed in Him with the Holy Spirit of promise, who is given as a pledge of our inheritance, with a view to the redemption of God's own possession, to the praise of His glory. (Ephesians 1:13-14 NASB)

    In whom ye also trusted, after that ye heard the word of truth, the gospel of your salvation: in whom also after that ye believed, ye were sealed with that holy Spirit of promise, Which is the earnest of our inheritance until the redemption of the purchased possession, unto the praise of his glory. (Ephesians 1:13-14 KJV)

All of which makes sense in the whole context of 'Believe in the Lord Jesus and you shall be saved'. Believe in what? Merely that Jesus was crucified, died and buried, then resurrected on the third day, or do we need to include that God is as good as His word and that a short time from now His "purchased possessions" will be redeemed?

However, note very carefully that the Day of Atonement was preceded by the ten Days of Awe, marked by repentance and introspection. Without repentance there is NO atonement for sin and no salvation, and the final ten Days of Awe will precede the ending of the age when the doors of salvation will close once and for all. See The Seven Feasts of Israel,


Twisting The Truth
Sadly, the Calvinistic bent, and clear bias, of several popular translations is made very clear by their rendering of Ephesians 1:14 and two other verses ( Corinthians 1:22 2 Corinthians 1:22) in which the Greek arrhabon has been translated 'deposit' or 'guarantee', when it actually means 'earnest'.

    The Spirit is God's guarantee that he will give us the inheritance he promised and that he has purchased us to be his own people. He did this so we would praise and glorify him. (Ephesians 1:13-14 New Living Translation)

    who is the guarantee of our inheritance until we acquire possession of it, to the praise of his glory. (Ephesians 1:13-14. English Standard Version)

In all three cases the NIV has translated arrhabon into the English deposit, then added the word "guaranteeing"

    And you also were included in Christ when you heard the message of truth, the gospel of your salvation. When you believed, you were marked in him with a seal, the promised Holy Spirit, who is a deposit (Gk. arrhabon) guaranteeing our inheritance until the redemption of those who are God's possession — to the praise of his glory. (Ephesians 1:13-14. NIV)

    set his seal of ownership on us, and put his Spirit in our hearts as a deposit (Gk. arrhabon), guaranteeing what is to come. (2 Corinthians 1:22 NIV)

    Now the one who has fashioned us for this very purpose is God, who has given us the Spirit as a deposit (Gk. arrhabon), guaranteeing what is to come. (2 Corinthians 1:22 NIV)

All this fiddling with the text was done in order to convey preconceived ideas that the Holy Spirit will never leave a believer, which means he, or she, can never be lost. Unknowingly, countless people have relied on these translations, believing that Scripture actually speaks of a guarantee when, in fact, it does no such thing. There is a world of difference between guarantee and earnest.

Note how the NASB and the KJV render this verse Ephesians 1: 13-14

    who is given as a pledge of our inheritance, with a view to the redemption of God's own possession, to the praise of His glory. For this reason I too, having heard of the faith in the Lord Jesus which exists among you and your love for all the saints, (Ephesians 1:14-15 NASB)

    Which is the earnest of our inheritance until the redemption of the purchased possession, unto the praise of his glory. Wherefore I also, after I heard of your faith in the Lord Jesus, and love unto all the saints, (Ephesians 1:14-15 KJV)

 [See Footnote IV for other crucial “mistranslations”]

Thayers Greek definitions says arrhabon is "an earnest... money which in purchases is given as a pledge or down payment that the full amount will subsequently be paid". However, it was not always a down payment.


What "Earnest" Means
The English word "earnest' means 'serious in intention or purpose', which defines how "earnest" was used in transactions. An earnest is something (usually money) given as a token, an assurance, of something to come. It shows sincerity of intention.... the person sincerely intended to complete the transaction. This is amply illustrated by looking at one event in the Bible which uses the same word.

The Greek word arrhabon comes from the Hebrew word arâbôn, used only three times in the Old Testament, in the same story in Genesis. This is certainly not the most savory of Biblical stories, but I would like to remind the reader that the Bible doesn't necessarily approve of all the actions and events it records.

    (16) So he (Judah) turned aside to her (Tamar) by the road, and said, "Here now, let me come in to you"; for he did not know that she was his daughter-in-law. And she said, "What will you give me, that you may come in to me?"  (17)  He said, therefore, "I will send you a young goat from the flock." She said, moreover, "Will you give a pledge until you send it?"  (18)  He said, "What pledge shall I give you?" And she said, "Your seal and your cord, and your staff that is in your hand." So he gave them to her and went in to her, and she conceived by him.  (19)  Then she arose and departed, and removed her veil and put on her widow's garments.  (20)  When Judah sent the young goat by his friend the Adullamite, to receive the pledge from the woman's hand, he did not find her. (Genesis 38:16-20 NASB)

Judah gave Tamar his seal and staff, as a pledge that he would send her a goat. And when he did send the animal, he fully expected to have his 'earnest' returned.

It is to be noted that if the person receiving the earnest money fails to complete his part of the bargain, (some modern real estate rules aside) the earnest money is usually refundable. If God sees that you or I fail to keep our part of the bargain, he has every right to take back his earnest of the Holy Spirit.

See A “Deposit” “Guaranteeing” Our Inheritance?

As Peter pointed out.. You are in a very secure position, but, you can fall from it..

    You therefore, beloved, knowing this beforehand, be on your guard so that you are not carried away by the error of unprincipled men and fall from your own steadfastness, (2 Peter 3:17 NASB)

As Scripture says over and over again...

    yet He has now reconciled you in His fleshly body through death, in order to present you before Him holy and blameless and beyond reproach-- if indeed you continue in the faith firmly established and steadfast, and not moved away from the hope of the gospel that you have heard, which was proclaimed in all creation under heaven, and of which I, Paul, was made a minister. (Colossians 1:22-23 NASB)

    For you have need of endurance, so that when you have done the will of God, you may receive what was promised. (Hebrews 10:36 NASB)

    but if we walk in the Light as He Himself is in the Light, we have fellowship with one another, and the blood of Jesus His Son cleanses us from all sin. (1 John 1:7 NASB).


Jesus Continues to Make Intercession For Us

In the mean time, we can take further comfort in the fact that Jesus and the Holy Spirit continue to make intercession for us, something that would hardly be necessary if believers are already finally and permanently saved.

    who is the one who condemns? Christ Jesus is He who died, yes, rather who was raised, who is at the right hand of God, who also intercedes (Gk. entugchano) for us. (Romans 8:34 NASB)

    Therefore He is able also to save forever those who draw near to God through Him, since He always lives to make intercession (Gk. entugchano) for them. (Hebrews 7:25 NASB)

    In the same way the Spirit also helps our weakness; for we do not know how to pray as we should, but the Spirit Himself intercedes (Gk. entugchano) for us with groanings too deep for words; and He who searches the hearts knows what the mind of the Spirit is, because He intercedes for the saints according to the will of God. (Romans 8:26-27 NASB)

Note however, although it has been interpreted as such, the word 'intercede' does not mean to pray for. The word means to interpose in behalf of someone, as by pleading or petition... to attempt to reconcile differences between two people or groups. Which is how the same word is used in the following two examples

    Festus said, "King Agrippa, and all you gentlemen here present with us, you see this man about whom all the people of the Jews appealed (Gk. entugchano) to me, both at Jerusalem and here, loudly declaring that he ought not to live any longer. (Acts 25:24 NASB)

    God has not rejected His people whom He foreknew. Or do you not know what the Scripture says in the passage about Elijah, how he pleads (Gk. entugchano) with God against Israel? (Romans 11:2 NASB)

Jesus' intercession is solely because He knows, as the old English proverb goes... "There's many a slip twixt the cup and the lip", which implies that even when the outcome of an event seems certain, things can still go wrong. It is well to pay attention to the fact that the Day of Atonement was immediately preceded by the ten Days of Awe, marked by repentance and introspection.

These final ten Days of Awe will precede the ending of the age when the doors of salvation will close once and for all. Without repentance and holiness right up to the last day, there will be NO atonement for sin and no salvation.

 


End Notes
[01]
Russel Kelly. Does Blood Defile The Tabernacle? http://www.lifeassuranceministries.org/proclamation/2010/2/doesblooddefile.html

[02] John D. Clark, Sr. The Sacrifice of Christ. http://www.goingtojesus.com/topic_holyspirit.html?tname=trsacrifice

[03] Bible Truth about the The Sanctuary. http://www.nonsda.org/study5.shtml
 


Footnote I (Exodus 24:4-8)
(4) Moses wrote down all the words of the Lord. Then he arose early in the morning, and built an altar at the foot of the mountain with twelve pillars for the twelve tribes of Israel.  (5) He sent young men of the sons of Israel, and they offered burnt offerings and sacrificed young bulls as peace offerings to the Lord.  (6) Moses took half of the blood and put it in basins, and the other half of the blood he sprinkled on the altar.  (7) Then he took the book of the covenant and read it in the hearing of the people; and they said, "All that the Lord has spoken we will do, and we will be obedient!" (8)  So Moses took the blood and sprinkled it on the people, and said, "Behold the blood of the covenant, which the Lord has made with you in accordance with all these words." [Exodus 24:4-8 NASB]

As explained by commentator Adam Clarke,

    The writing containing the laws mentioned in the three preceding chapters. As this writing contained the agreement made between God and them, it was called the book of the covenant; but as no covenant was considered to be ratified and binding till a sacrifice had been offered on the occasion, hence the necessity of the sacrifices mentioned here.

    Half of the blood being sprinkled on the Altar, and half of it sprinkled on the People, showed that both God and They were mutually bound by this covenant. God was bound to the People to support, defend, and save them; the People were bound to God to fear, love, and serve him. [PLACE IN TEXT]


Footnote II... The “Prophetic Perfect”
One of the most interesting uses of verbs in the Hebrew Old Testament was how future events (prophecies) were spoken of as being in the past. Very often, prophecies about the future were expressed, not in the future tense as we might expect, but in the past or perfect tenses. In other words, the future was described as having already occurred. By doing this the prophets emphasized the certainty of God's word, inasmuch as a future event would occur, without question or doubt. It was as good as done. This idiom familiar to scholars, who often call it the "prophetic perfect" tense, was carried over into the New Testament by the Hebrew authors/prophets.

If you think about it, modern English users sometimes use the past tense to indicate that some action is as good as completed. In fact the very word "done" is often used in reply to being asked to do something.

However, what one has to wonder at is the inconsistencies of most modern translations. In the vast majority of cases the translators, perhaps in order to avoid confusion, changed the tense to future. What I do not understand is why they didn't do so in all cases, or simply translate the verses as they were originally written. But then again, this is nothing new.

Examples of the "prophetic perfect" abound...

The Old Testament
Genesis 15:18 reads...

    On that day the Lord made a covenant with Abram, saying, "To your descendants I have given this land, From the river of Egypt as far as the great river, the river Euphrates: (Genesis 15:18 NASB)

This promise was made long before Abraham even had any descendants.  (Both the NASB and the KJV use the present perfect)

Genesis 18:26 was said in the context of Abraham bargaining with God to save Sodom for the sake of a few righteous people that may have lived there. When Abraham went down to fifty people, God told him that He would spare the city if fifty righteous could be found in it. God's actual words, as shown in Young's Literal Translation were "If I find in Sodom fifty righteous in the midst of the city, then have I borne with all the place for their sake." (Genesis 18:26 YLT). Two verses later in 28, the Lord emphasizes the promise by using the future tense... "I destroy it not, if I find there forty and five" (YLT)

Genesis 41:30. Joseph interpreted Pharaoh's dream and foretold that there would be seven years of plenty and seven years of famine. When mentioning the seven years of famine, he speaks of them in the perfect tense, using the prophetic perfect for emphasis. Literally, Joseph said, "And there have arisen seven years of famine." To avoid confusing the reader, almost every English version says that the famine "will arise." The YLT accurately reflects the past tense in the Hebrew text. It is obvious from the context that the seven years of plenty are yet to come and that the famine will follow the years of plenty. But, in the text, it sounds like the famine has already occurred. The coupling of the past and future in the context lets the reader know that the prophetic perfect idiom is being used and emphasizes the fact that there absolutely will be a famine.

Numbers 21:34. When Og, the king of Bashan, and his army came out to battle the nation of Israel, God's assured Moses that they would not be defeated in the following words, which, interestingly enough, seems to be how most translations render it. 

    And Jehovah saith unto Moses, "Fear him not, for into thy hand I have given him, and all his people, and his land, and thou hast done to him as thou hast done to Sihon king of the Amorite, who is dwelling in Heshbon." (Numbers 21:34 YLT)

    But the LORD said to Moses, "Do not fear him, for I have given him into your hand, and all his people and his land; and you shall do to him as you did to Sihon, king of the Amorites, who lived at Heshbon." (Numbers 21:34 NASB)

Exodus 12:17 which was said before the Israelites left Egypt.

    'You shall also observe the Feast of Unleavened Bread, for on this very day I brought your hosts out of the land of Egypt; therefore you shall observe this day throughout your generations as a permanent ordinance. ( NASB)

1 Samuel 2:31 is a prophecy about Eli, the High Priest. Although the NASB and the KJV use the future tense, the Hebrew text literally reads

    Lo, days [are] coming, and I have cut off thine arm, and the arm of the house of thy father, that an old man is not in thy house;

Job 19:27: In 19:25, Job says "I know my redeemer liveth", and in verse 27, he states that he will see his redeemer. Note how the YLT and The NASB render this verse

    Whom I myself shall behold, And whom my eyes will see and not another. My heart faints within me! (Job 19:27 NASB)

    Whom I--I see on my side, And mine eyes have beheld, and not a stranger, Consumed have been my reins in my bosom. (Job 19:27 YLT)

 Isaiah 9:6: Most modern Bible versions have changed the tense of Isaiah 9:6, which actually reads

    For a Child hath been born to us, a Son hath been given to us, And the princely power is on his shoulder, and He doth call his name Wonderful, Counsellor, Mighty God, Father of Eternity, Prince of Peace. (Isaiah 9:6 YLT)

Isaiah 53: Many of the prophecies about the Messiah in Isaiah 53, are spoken in the past tense

    But He was pierced through for our transgressions, He was crushed for our iniquities; The chastening for our well-being fell upon Him, And by His scourging we are healed. (Isaiah 53:5 NASB)

    He was oppressed and He was afflicted, Yet He did not open His mouth; Like a lamb that is led to slaughter, And like a sheep that is silent before its shearers, So He did not open His mouth. (Isaiah 53:7 NASB)

Isaiah 52:13 deals with two promises... deliverance from captivity in Babylon, and the coming of the Messiah. Again, not how the verse is rendered in the literal version

    Behold, My servant will prosper, He will be high and lifted up and greatly exalted.  (Isaiah 52:13 NASB)

    Lo, My servant doth act wisely, He is high, and hath been lifted up, And hath been very high.  (Isaiah 52:13 YLT)


The New Testament

Ephesians 2:6.
These verses in Ephesians have retained the original past tense, which may create some confusion, since there is absolutely no evidence that God has already seated His people with Christ in the "heavenly realm".

    But God, being rich in mercy, because of His great love with which He loved us, even when we were dead in our transgressions, made us alive together with Christ (by grace you have been saved), and raised us up with Him, and seated us with Him in the heavenly places in Christ Jesus (Ephesians 2:4-6 NASB)

However, Colossians 3:1 is far more literal when it states that we need to keep seeking the things above... where Christ is

    Therefore if you have been raised up with Christ, keep seeking the things above, where Christ is, seated at the right hand of God. (Colossians 3:1 NASB)

In other words, the tense used in Ephesians 2:6 is a way of stating with absolute certainty that Christians  will be seated with Christ in heavenly places

Jude 1:14
The NASB rightly renders Jude 1:14 in the past tense

    It was also about these men that Enoch, in the seventh generation from Adam, prophesied, saying, "Behold, the Lord came with many thousands of His holy ones,  (Jude 1:14 NASB)

    And prophesy also to these did the seventh from Adam--Enoch--saying, `Lo, the Lord did come in His saintly myriads, (Jude 1:14 YLT)

Perhaps because most Christians have no knowledge of the "prophetic perfect", the average reader would wonder when the Lord came with thousands of His saints. However, the past tense is simply stating that the Lord will come with His saints. [PLACE IN TEXT]


Footnote III... The “Mystery” of God
As Romans 16:25 makes clear, the "mysteries" of God was kept from humans through the ages, but was revealed by the preaching of Christ..

    Now to Him who is able to establish you according to my gospel and the preaching of Jesus Christ, according to the revelation of the mystery which has been kept secret for long ages past, (Romans 16:25 NASB)

who "gave" these mysteries to the disciples who were stewards of these truths.

    And He was saying to them, "To you has been given the mystery of the kingdom of God, but those who are outside get everything in parables,  (Mark 4:11 NASB)

    Let a man regard us in this manner, as servants of Christ and stewards of the mysteries of God. (1 Corinthians 4:1 NASB)

    and pray on my behalf, that utterance may be given to me in the opening of my mouth, to make known with boldness the mystery of the gospel,  (Ephesians 6:19 NASB)

In other words … a believer understands the mystery, which is the good news of the redemption of creation.. the Gospel. This "mystery" including the fact that the message of the Gospel was also to be taken to the Gentiles

    By referring to this, when you read you can understand my insight into the mystery of Christ, which in other generations was not made known to the sons of men, as it has now been revealed to His holy apostles and prophets in the Spirit; to be specific, that the Gentiles are fellow heirs and fellow members of the body, and fellow partakers of the promise in Christ Jesus through the gospel, (Ephesians 3:4-6 NASB)

    that is, the mystery which has been hidden from the past ages and generations, but has now been manifested to His saints, to whom God willed to make known what is the riches of the glory of this mystery among the Gentiles, which is Christ in you, the hope of glory. (Colossians 1:26-27 NASB)

The resurrection of our physical bodies and the fact that they will be changed and made imperishable is also said to be a mystery, now revealed.

    Behold, I tell you a mystery; we will not all sleep, but we will all be changed, (1 Corinthians 15:51 NASB) [PLACE IN TEXT]


Footnote IV... Some Crucial "Mis-translations"
One has to ask...

1) Why the proper names... Sheol, Hades and Gehenna were translated "hell". In any case "hell" does not mean fire and brimstone. It comes from an old English word which means to cover over... Hmmm! Sort of the same description of Sheol found in the Old Testament. [See What and Where is Hell?]

2) Why the pronoun "He" is used for the Holy Spirit, when the pronoun in the original Greek is neither gender nor number specific. In fact some literal translations render the Greek pronoun "it" in English [Details]

3) Why the NIV and several other popular translations not only translated arrhabon into the English deposit, but added the word guarantee. Unknowingly, countless people have relied on these translations, believing that Scripture actually speaks of a guarantee when, in fact, it does no such thing. There is a world of difference between guarantee and earnest.  [Details]

The list is endless... It seems to be glaringly obvious that a pre-bias drove many of the translations. Sadly, in the effort to put forward what they believe to be true, the translators have led people away from what the Scriptures actually say. And since most people cannot speak Hebrew or Greek they rely on these inaccurate translations. However, as is entirely possible, most people never think to do Hebrew and Greek word studies for themselves, thus will never know what the Scriptures really say.  [PLACE IN TEXT]

Atonement-Bk

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