I call heaven and earth to witness against you today, that I have set before you life and death .. So choose life in order that you may live (Deuteronomy 30)
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Old Age and Death
While happiness and fulfillment are wonderful things to have in this life, a great part of the problem of growing old is the uncertainty of what lies beyond.
What Various Religions Tell Us About The Afterlife
Perhaps our religious convictions give us some solace and hope that either death is simply part of a recurring cycle, or that an unspecified "better life" awaits us on the other side. Or perhaps not.
Middle Eastern Religions
How People Would Describe Their "Perfect World" ... Take A Survey
I am willing to bet good money that what you will not hear is they want to attain an ineffable transcendental state. What you will hear will be more on the lines of peace and safety, an absence of crime, hunger and disease, unpolluted air and water, pesticide free food, more love among fellow men, and an honest government.
'Love" Was Not The Core of Jesus' Message
Neither the Romans nor the Jewish authorities would have been particularly bothered by a prophet who ran around telling people to love God and love people.
Mankind's Idea of Utopia is Exactly The Same as The Christian Heaven
Luckily the Bible isn't at all silent on where "heaven" is and, even more importantly, what it will be like. In fact, the Bible's description of the coming kingdom is far, far, more practical, and a lot less obscure and incomprehensible, than that of our theologians.
Like the first fruit offering of the Old Testament, Christ was the first of the harvest... the first one to be resurrected from the dead.
Old Age and Death
Death is the one subject that most people have trouble discussing, or even thinking about, especially since we are not in control of when, or how, our final curtain call will take place.
In an article I read on the web site of The American Society on Aging, Ronald J. Manheimer, former director of older adult education for The National Council on the Aging (NCOA) in Washington, D.C. talked about the "diminished sense of identity and personal worth" and the social isolation and loneliness, economic hardships etc. that makes the elderly person feel their life is superfluous. And how do we fight this? With a barrage of "programs" designed to help the elderly cope.
The trumpets blare. In we come, the rescuers, healers offering life review, autobiography workshops, humanities discussion groups, relaxation exercises, counseling (both peer and professional), antidepressants, holistic health regimens, special diets. Legions of spiritual advisors stand ready to offer workshops about how to become an enlightened elder, how to get in touch with your deep psychic Self, how to let go of the past, the future, children, work. Then there are the aging advocates and political activists who repudiate these solutions--too individualistic. To the barricades, they shout. Organize to protect Social Security (standard and supplemental), Medicare and Medicaid, and fight ageism in the workplace or the doctor's office. Join support groups, advocacy groups, inter-generational coalitions, computer networks, mutual-aid cyber groups... (
Note: while the original article is no longer available, an excerpt is available here... https://www.questia.com/library/journal/1P3-49068270/is-it-practical-to-search-for-meaning
In Spiritual Evolution: The Path to a Meaningful Life? Drs. Ron and Mary Hulnick (who?) refer to a United Nations study, which "reported on the status, or well-being, of the people of member nations regarding challenges those people face daily". They took all the responses received and boiled them down to one word to describe the overall condition of the people of these nations. That word is "meaningless", which I can certainly believe. However, the article also indicates that living in the "conscious awareness" of one's spiritual nature is the key to true and lasting happiness and fulfillment. 
Not exactly true. Unless of course if the fact that you have lived your life in the sunshine (as it is sometimes colorfully expressed) is sufficient for you, and you have no aspirations beyond the short 75 or so years on this go around.
While happiness and fulfillment are wonderful things to have in this life, ‘this life’ doesn’t last forever. In fact, if you think about it you will be shocked at how quickly the last decade or two have flown by. And, regardless of how spiritually ‘awakened’ you might think you are, the question of what lies beyond still remains. In fact, a great part of the problem of growing old is the possibility that, at death, all our dreams, hopes, aspirations and all the spiritual principles we might have lived by come to an undignified end - a putrid mass of decaying flesh. As Ronald J. Manheime went on to say
Though not everyone wears the furrowed brow of the seeker, the crisis of meaning is inescapable. The little reminders of aging--grayness, baldness, a few wrinkles, hair in the ears, "age" spots, joint pain and stiffness, forgetfulness, grandchildren going off to college, a growing nostalgia for one's past--trigger those annoying questions: Is this all there is to life? What have I really accomplished? Who am I for others? Some people object, countering: "I don't worry myself about such questions. I'm a practical person, satisfied with the life that is given to me." Fending off the questions of meaning that tug at the mind and heart calls for well-honed defenses. We are all quite adept.
… "We may take heart in the belief that our immortality is borne through our progeny or through the good deeds witnessed in those who remember us and preserve our stories... "
In other words the best we can hope for is that our grandchildren remember our names ten years after we are gone. (Even this seems unlikely in this day and age). As Ray Stedman once wrote...
" ... through the centuries, men have tried to penetrate the veil of death, have tried to guess at what lies beyond. Not only Christian writers, but secular writers, and members of other religious faiths have tried to set forth what lies beyond death. Even the most pagan has tried to find at least some hope. For the human spirit resists the idea that all we are will be cut off and ended -- annihilated, exterminated -- at death. Somehow it does not make sense. It insults us. And so the human spirit is always ready to grasp at the slightest straw of hope that there is something beyond the grave. Perhaps it is described as a kind of nirvana, as an experience apart from the body, as some mystical, "spiritual" experience. There are many guesses at what lies beyond the grave...” 
When we confront death, be it our own or that of a loved one we are usually gripped by a sense of inevitability, helplessness, and hopelessness. The oft repeated platitude .... "He (or she) has gone to a better place" is nothing more than a sop to the minds and emotions of those who cannot handle seeing someone put in a box, lowered into the ground, and covered up by dirt.
Perhaps our religious convictions give us some solace and hope that either death is simply part of a recurring cycle, or that an unspecified "better life" awaits us on the other side.
Or perhaps not.
Let us examine what "comfort and hope" the various religions give us.
What Various Religions Tell Us About The Afterlife
Buddhism, Hinduism, and Sikhism all believe in one or another version of karma, the law of cause and effect. In other words, our past lives have determined our present one, and our actions in this life will decide our future ones. Each religion also teaches people how they can be liberated from this endless cycle of birth, death, and rebirth, and how to be united with God... in which regard they have a great many abstract, and often highly convoluted things to say. (Considering that the evidence for reincarnation is all but non-existent, these ideas remain theoretical at best).
Sikhism teaches that our soul is a part of God, whom it has been separated from.
The Sikh goal is to end the cycle of birth, death and rebirth, and unite the separated individual soul with the Universal Soul (God). The way to attain this goal is through applying the teachings of the Gurus to all situations, continuous meditation on the Holy Name, selfless service, control of mind and correct regulation of desires and impulses. 
Guru Nanak gave a vivid description of the five stages through which man must pass in order to reach the abode of eternal bliss. The first stage is Dharm Khand or "The Realm of Duty". The fifth stage is Sach Khand or "The Realm of Truth", which is the final stage of spiritual ascent. At this point the aspirant has completed the arduous journey of the soul, and becomes ‘one with God’.
"He has transmuted himself into Divinity. He has attained the goal of his life. He has found out his permanent resting place" 
Note that, in Buddhism, reincarnation is not always seen as the simple physical birth and rebirth of a person. In other words, a person's soul does not migrate into one physical body after another. A person's karma is described by the site buddhanet, which says karma...
operates in the universe as the continuous chain reaction of cause and effect. It is not only confined to causation in the physical sense but also it has moral implications... By actions, thoughts, and words, man is releasing spiritual energy to the universe and he is in turn affected by influences coming in his direction. Man is therefore the sender and receiver of all these influences. The entire circumstances surrounding him is his karma.
They go on to say, a person
can either lower himself abruptly or gradually into hell or through discipline, cultivation and the awakening of faith rise to the Enlightened state of the Buddha. 
Buddha taught that a person can escape the cycle of reincarnation and enter nirvana only by following the "Noble Eight-fold Path" which, according to a student of Zen Buddhism, is divided into three main sections: "wisdom, ethical conduct and mental discipline" . In the Buddhist tradition, nirvana is described as the imperturbable stillness of mind which is the result of extinguishing the fires that cause suffering. These fires are typically identified as the fires of attachment, aversion, and ignorance. When the fires are extinguished, suffering comes to an end and complete peace is experienced.
However, there is, apparently, no consensus of opinion as to what this stillness of mind is.
"Buddhist philosophers have long debated about whether Nirvana is absolute cessation or an ineffable transcendental state.. One thing is certain though, it is not a heaven state and it is not the absorption of the individual soul into an Absolute, an idea that is more indicative of Hinduism" 
You do know that ineffable is simply another word for 'indescribable', and transcendental can mean superior, mystical or supernatural, or even beyond common thought or experience.
Right! You knew that! Sorry, Just checking.
So, according to Buddhism, we have either complete cessation, or some kind of mystical supernatural state, which no one can describe, to look forward to. Why does that not warm the cockles of my heart?
Hinduism can get extremely confusing. As said by The Heart of Hinduism, "Hinduism is diverse; no single doctrine (or set of beliefs) can represent its numerous traditions" 
Within a broad spectrum of religious practices, Hinduism accommodates both material and spiritual needs. However, as material benefits are temporary, most traditions consider eternal moksha the ultimate goal. Hindu texts detail four sequential aims – dharma, artha, kama, and moksha. Dharma recommends righteous and regulated living, so that one is able one to acquire wealth, artha. With prosperity one can then enjoy kama, sensual pleasure. When one realises the futility of temporary gratification, one eventually seeks moksha (liberation). 
The Hindu concept of moksha, which is a Sanskrit term used to describe the attaining of eternal bliss or "highest happiness" by the soul is achieved through union with God (yoga), and release from samsara, defined as the repetitive cycle of birth, death, and rebirth (Please note that the different streams of yoga are all intended to bring about this union with the divine).
Just as with nirvana, there is considerable differences of opinion regarding the precise nature of moksha. Some believe it is the annihilation of the soul's individuality, others believe the soul and God are eternally distinct.
Perhaps some of the appeal of Eastern religions is that they are "high on individual liberty and low on individual responsibility" , and certainly not a tenth as inconvenient and bothersome as Christianity. An impersonal god that doesn't make demands of us is vastly appealing. We can have our dose of "spirituality" from three to five in the afternoon and the rest of the time is ours. Our impersonal 'god' would not dream of cramping our style on a Saturday night.
Besides which, the final goal of these three religions is not something I, or anyone else, can envision or describe in any practical terms whatsoever. The words are all very well, but who can actually tell me what it is like to become one with God. Will I be able to think, feel etc. or do I simply cease to exist? The latter not being very appealing since I am a living breathing human being, who eats and sleeps, laughs and cries. Additionally, since there are a great many things I thoroughly enjoy... good food, summer rain, long walks etc. why in the world would a cessation of all desire be in the slightest bit appealing?
And who is this god that I am supposed to be united with? Can any one tell me a little about him, assuming it is a 'him'? That is, of course, if any one actually knows.
And since, as discussed in previous chapters, none of the founders of any of these religions provided any evidence whatsoever that they knew what they were talking about, why should I believe that any of this is going to happen?
"Faith" you say?
Unfortunately if you think about it... faith is only as good as the object one has faith in. The strongest most unshakable faith in something that isn't true, is not going to magically convert it into reality.
If Sins Could Be Forgiven
Dick Tripp, an Anglican minister in New Zealand, relates the story told him by a missionary friend, who told him that...
A Chinese teacher invited her to his home for lunch so that they could talk about life after death. "I believe there is life after death," he said. "If we have lived a good life we are rewarded by being reincarnated into a happy and prosperous situation. If we have done wrong we are punished by having to come back as a dog or some other low form of life." "But what," my friend asked, "if sins could be forgiven?" The teacher replied quietly, "If sins could be forgiven, that would make all the difference in the world!" 
Middle Eastern Religions
The Baha'i Faith regards the conventional description of heaven (and hell) not as specific places, but as symbolic.
The Bahá'í writings describe heaven as a "spiritual condition" where closeness to God is defined as heaven; conversely hell is seen as a state of remoteness from God. Bahá'u'lláh, the founder of the Bahá'í Faith, has stated that the nature of the life of the soul in the afterlife is beyond comprehension in the physical plane, but has stated that the soul will retain its consciousness and individuality and remember its physical life; the soul will be able to recognize other souls and communicate with them. 
And, on a slightly more practical note, Bahá'í...
"teaches that there is one God, that all humanity is one family and that there is a fundamental unity underlying religion. Baha'u'llah affirms that this is the age in which world peace will be established. As anticipated in the sacred scriptures of the past, humanity will achieve its spiritual and social maturity and live as one family in a just, global society". .
Someone telling me that "the nature of the life of the soul in the afterlife is beyond comprehension in the physical plane" does not give me a very warm feeling. Even supposing I take Bahá'u'lláh's word for it that my soul will retain its consciousness and individuality, where will I live and what will I do?
Mundane questions maybe, but extremely relevant.
The Qur'an contains many references to an afterlife in Eden for those who do good deeds. In Islam, if one's good deeds outweigh out one's sins, then one may gain entrance to heaven, which is the Arabic word, jannah, or "garden". Conversely, if a person's sins outweigh their good deeds, they will be sent to hell. The more good deeds one has performed, the higher the level of heaven one is sent to.
And what will we do there? Surah Al Kahf, verse 31 says
"For them will be Gardens of eternity; beneath them rivers will flow; they will be adorned therein with bracelets of gold, and they will wear green garments of fine silk and heavy brocade. They will recline therein on raised thrones. How good [is] the recompense! How beautiful a couch [is there] to recline on!” 
While Islam comes closest to anything resembling practicality, it also puts forward some very weird, even bizarre, ideas. Somebody supposedly once asked Muhammad how the people of Paradise will relieve themselves (I have to wonder what in the world made him think of asking that particular question). Muhammad's reply?...
"They relieve themselves by perspiring through their skins, and its fragrance will be that of musk, and all stomachs will have become lean.” (ibn Hibbaan) 
According to Bukhari
Allah's Apostle said, "The first group of people who will enter Paradise, will be glittering like the full moon and those who will follow them, will glitter like the most brilliant star in the sky. They will not urinate, relieve nature, spit, or have any nasal secretions. Their combs will be of gold, and their sweat will smell like musk. The aloes-wood will be used in their centers. Their wives will be houris. All of them will look alike and will resemble their father Adam (in statute), sixty cubits tall." 
The site The Religion of Islam adds... "The women of Paradise are pure and free from menstruation, postnatal bleeding and all the other impurities suffered by women in this world, and all are free from stool and feces. God says: “... and they shall have therein purified mates..." (Quran 2:25) 
Additionally, the site answering Christianity says, winners of Paradise will enjoy the service of young Servants and virgin Houris.  Incidentally houri is defined as 'a voluptuously beautiful young woman', or one of the beautiful maidens that, in Muslim belief, live with the blessed in paradise. Apparently most ‘normal' women will be in hell.
The Prophet said, "I looked at Paradise and found poor people forming the majority of its inhabitants; and I looked at Hell and saw that the majority of its inhabitants were women." 
The concept of resurrection did not originate with, nor is it exclusive to, Christianity. It found its roots in Judaism. However, the book Resurrection: The Power of God for Christians and Jews by Kevin J. Madigan and Jon Douglas Levenson, seems to suggest that there was, at least initially, no concept of a personal resurrection. Every person's life was inextricably tied in with the community, the emphasis placed on the family name, the tribe or 'house', and the nation of Israel as a whole. The overwhelming belief was that God would eventually 'make things right' for a faithful nation. In a review of the book, Dolores L Christie, executive director of the Catholic Theological Society of America (John Carroll University, University Heights, Ohio) says
First, life and death are framed in terms of the community rather than of the individual: Joseph dies, but in his offspring Joseph's seed lives on. When Rachel weeps for her children, she weeps not for her actual children but for all of Israel. Personal identity survives beyond death only in the continuance of the people. In this context of the corporate family, there is no felt need for individual bodily resurrection, because birth reverses death. This is the reason that, for a Jewish person, children and family hold so much importance. For the Jew facing death without a life fulfilled in progeny, the end of life may be devastating. 
However, Daniel 12:13 which records God telling the prophet that he would enter into rest and rise again for his allotted portion at the end of the age, is very clearly about a personal resurrection. Also to be noted is that the book of Acts definitively states that the Sadducees did not believe in a bodily resurrection, nor in angels or any other kind of spirits, but the Pharisees acknowledged them all (Acts 23:8).
However, the question is what comes after this resurrection?
Rabbi Or N. Rose, Associate Dean of the Rabbinical School of Hebrew College in Newton, MA says "Though there is no official Jewish conception of the afterlife, Jewish sources do provide images of a torturous hell and heavenly paradise." (Neither does Christianity by the way. See Heaven and Hell ) He goes on to say
"What the next world is, however, is far from clear. The rabbis use the term Olam Ha-Ba to refer to a heaven-like afterlife as well as to the messianic era or the age of resurrection, and it is often difficult to know which one is being referred to. The use of the term Gan Eden (in the Talmud) to describe "heaven" suggests that the rabbis conceived of the afterlife as a return to the blissful existence of Adam and Eve in the Garden of Eden before the "fall." It is generally believed that in Gan Eden the human soul exists in a disembodied state until the time of bodily resurrection in the days of the Messiah. 
Which is as close at it gets in Judaism...
In summary, the various religions not only teach widely widely divergent paths, but these paths do not even lead to the same destination.
When all is said and done, we can choose to follow Buddhism and attain Nirvana, when the fires of attachment, aversion, and ignorance are extinguished, suffering comes to an end and complete peace is experienced. This in spite of the fact that no one is certain whether Nirvana is absolute cessation, or an ineffable transcendental state (some kind of mystical supernatural state, which no one can describe). I don't know about you, but neither choice has me clicking my heels and jumping for joy.
We could, on the other hand, attempt to attain the Hindu concept of Moksha... eternal bliss or "highest happiness" achieved through union with God (whatever that means) and be released from samsara, defined as the endless cycle of birth, death, and rebirth. (Assuming, of course, that the theory of reincarnation is true, in spite of there not being one shred of evidence in its favor)
We could also go with the Sikh idea of entering into the abode of eternal bliss, whatever that means.
Otherwise we could align ourselves with Judaism, which has no official conception of the afterlife.
And, of course, we could always opt to recline forever on raised thrones, wearing gold bracelets and fine silk, free of the basest human functions... relieving ourselves by perspiring through our skins. (I am afraid I am not sure exactly how long I could spend on a couch, heavenly or otherwise, but I am pretty sure it would not be more that a half day at the most).
However, do not forget that since no two religions are agreed on what happens to us in the after life, much less how we get there, we cannot possibly know whether any of these ideas are correct. Remember they all cannot be right. As Dave Hunt once said
The fact is, we do not need a 'way of life' or a philosophy. We do not need abstract theories and complicated, confused, and rambling rigmarole. We need answers in plain black and white. We need to know, in very simple terms, who we are, what we are doing here, and where we are going.
But here is what I find truly perplexing.
Although it seems that incomprehensible and pompous jargon (spiritual gobbledygook), that tells us absolutely nothing seems to make people feel very spiritual, it doesn't square with what they would choose for themselves. If you were to ask the average person what he or she thinks happens after death, the vast majority will admit they aren't sure. But, ask the same people to describe a world they would be delighted to live and raise their families in, and you will get very definite answers.
Perhaps you should try a little experiment.
Take A Survey... Ask People To Describe Their "Perfect World"
Ask as many people as you know what changes they would make to this world in order to make it as perfect as possible... somewhere it would be an absolute pleasure to live.
I am willing to bet good money that what you will not hear is they want to attain an ineffable transcendental state. And, unless you are talking to an ascetic, I doubt you will hear anyone say that they wish no attachment to this world and any of its pleasures. Nor do I imagine you will hear many people saying they literally want to spend the rest of their lives on a couch in a garden... gold bracelets notwithstanding. Well! I take that back... You might run across one or two.
What you will hear will be more on the lines of peace and safety, an absence of crime, hunger and disease, unpolluted air and water, pesticide free food, more love among fellow men, and an honest government. In fact, there will be a number of subjects common to most people's answers, and an astonishing similarity in the details
In other words, what they will describe is their idea of Utopia.
The word "Utopia" was coined by Sir Thomas More who, in his sixteenth century book of the same name, described a perfect society that existed on an imaginary island. Quite obviously, the word has, since then, conjured up visions of a perfect world in which the government, laws, and social conditions are perfect and people live free of conflict, hunger, and unhappiness. While the original 'utopia' might have been imaginary, man has dreamed of a better world since the dawn of time. Not only does everyone want a utopia, but the very fiber of most people's beings cry out for one.
In his very popular song "Imagine" John Lennon sang about a world with no greed or hunger, and nothing to kill or die for. A world where the brotherhood of man lived in peace and shared all the world which, again, is most people's idea of a beautiful utopian society. What he wouldn't have imagined is someone shooting him in a world that dreams of utopia, but cannot get anywhere near it. A better, if not perfect, world, has been the vision and the dream behind numerous political, philosophical and religious movements. Various small groups have formed communities in an effort to create perfect societies... most with varying degrees of success, and all just as short lived as John Lennon's vision.
But here is what is really paradoxical ... Christianity, which appears to millions to be outdated, out of touch, and largely irrelevant to modern society, not only promises exactly the utopian world that mankind dreams of, but also has the answers to man's deepest questions. When it comes to the afterlife, the world most men and women would choose to live in is, in every respect, precisely what the Bible describes, except the Bible calls it heaven, the kingdom of Heaven, or the kingdom of God. In fact the kingdom of God was at the heart of Jesus' ministry.
'Love" Was Not The Core of Jesus' Message
Sadly, the average person thinks Jesus' main message was about love. While it is true that love figured prominently in His message, it was not the core of his proclamation and certainly wasn't what got Him crucified. Neither the Romans nor the Jewish authorities would have been particularly bothered by a Jewish prophet who ran around telling people to love God and love people.
In a nutshell, Jesus' message is summarized in Mark's description of His ministry. (Emphasis Added)
Now after John had been taken into custody, Jesus came into Galilee, preaching the gospel of God, and saying, "The time is fulfilled, and the kingdom of God is at hand; repent and believe in the gospel." (Mark 1:14-15 NASB)
In fact, Jesus never stopped talking about the "kingdom of God", which phrase is used over 50 times in the four Gospels alone. Matthew, however, used it only four times, apparently preferring the synonymous "kingdom of heaven", which occurs 32 times in his book. This coming kingdom was not only at the heart of many of Jesus' parables (likened to a mustard seed, a pearl of great price, a banquet given by a king, etc), but He even said that the proclamation of the Kingdom was the reason He was sent to earth.
But He said to them, "I must preach the kingdom of God to the other cities also, for I was sent for this purpose." (Luke 4:43 NASB)
Unfortunately, most people, including most Christians, are absolutely in the dark about what the Scriptures mean by the phrase kingdom of God/Heaven.
Mankind's Idea of Utopia is Exactly The Same as The Christian Heaven
Even Christians who believe they will spend an eternity in "heaven", seem to have little or no idea where this heaven is, what it will look like, or what they will do there. Either they have fleeting, half formed ideas about some ethereal place 'out there', or resort to pious phrases that amount to little more than spiritual gobbledy gook. If this is the best we can do, then it is hardly cause for surprise that atheists and non Christians are not in the slightest bit interested in our "heaven", and Christians themselves so rarely seem to look forward to the coming of the day of the Lord.
Is it any wonder then that most people do not see Christianity as having many, or even any, of the answers they are looking for.
Luckily the Bible isn't at all silent on where "heaven" is and, even more importantly, what it will be like. In fact, the Bible's description of the coming kingdom is far, far, more practical, and a lot less sanctimonious, than that of our theologians. Were Christians willing to do a penny's worth of investigation, they would find that the Bible says absolutely nothing about some ethereal realm somewhere 'out there', but much to the contrary, speaks of heaven as being right here on earth.
While this is way too detailed a subject to go into, I have outlined a couple of points below. However, it is important to read the entire article to see exactly what and where 'heaven' is... according to the Bible. (See What And Where Is Heaven?)
Three Interconnected And Inseparable Promises To Abraham
This idea of an ethereal heaven makes absolutely no sense whatsoever in view of the fact that God's promise to give Abraham an entire country for an everlasting possession, is one of the most solemn declarations He ever made. In fact it is one of three interconnected and inseparable promises, only two of which have already been fulfilled.
The Lord said to Abram, after Lot had separated from him, "Now lift up your eyes and look from the place where you are, northward and southward and eastward and westward; for all the land which you see, I will give it to you and to your descendants forever. "I will make your descendants as the dust of the earth, so that if anyone can number the dust of the earth, then your descendants can also be numbered. "Arise, walk about the land through its length and breadth; for I will give it to you." [Genesis 13:14-17 NASB]
Note that God not only told Abraham to look in all four directions, but also to walk the length and breadth of the land which the Lord was giving him and his descendants. In other words there can be little doubt that the reward for Abraham's faith was firmly rooted in real estate. And this was neither the first time, nor the last, that the Lord promised that land to Abraham and his descendants... a promise that was taken very seriously by them and by all Jews through the centuries, right up to the time of Christ.
Since the promises that Abraham's descendants would be made into a "great nation", and that "in him" all the families of the earth would be blessed (the promise of the Messiah) have both been literally fulfilled, why do we believe the promise of the land to be a 'type' of a heaven to come, and not be literally fulfilled as well?
Abraham, Isaac, and Jacob, are all dead, so unless the God of the universe was joking or lying, the only way for this promise to be fulfilled is at the bodily resurrection of believers when Abraham will rise from the dead to receive the land God promised him. As said by Anthony Buzzard....
The message of Jesus' famous beatitude, "Blessed are the meek for they shall inherit the land" (Matthew 5:5) can no longer be heard above the din of endless funeral sermons announcing that the dead have gone to heaven! 
The sheer weight of Biblical evidence that "heaven" is right here on earth is overwhelming. (See What And Where Is Heaven?)
The Prophets "Saw" The Coming Kingdom
A plain reading of the words of many of these men of God, makes it impossible to deny that they looked ahead to an undetermined time in the future when God would return to establish a literal, earthly kingdom. For example, Amos wrote about a physical kingdom on earth, complete with cities, vineyards, gardens, and fruit.
Behold, the days come, saith the Lord, that the plowman shall overtake the reaper, and the treader of grapes him that soweth seed; and the mountains shall drop sweet wine, and all the hills shall melt. And I will bring back the captivity of my people Israel, and they shall build the waste cities, and inhabit them; and they shall plant vineyards, and drink the wine thereof; they shall also make gardens, and eat the fruit of them. And I will plant them upon their land, and they shall no more be plucked up out of their land which I have given them, saith the Lord thy God. [Amos 9:11-15]
Chapter 21 of the book of Revelation gives us another aspect, speaking as it does, about God dwelling among men, and the absence of death, mourning, crying or pain.
On the new earth, Christ will reign from Jerusalem. There will be peace and joy, to say nothing of earth, trees, plants, fruit, houses and, I presume animals, birds, flowers and waterfalls. In short, pretty much the world He originally created... a world without crime, fear, ugliness, disease and death.
I don't know about you, but it certainly sounds like a marvelous place to me... far, far, superior to anything taught by other religions, and certainly not the pie-in-the-sky kingdom preached by most churches.
And what about us and our bodies which, although fearfully and wonderfully made', tend to give out rather quickly?
The entire Christian faith is centered around the resurrection of Christ.. As the Bible says "... if Christ be not risen, then is our preaching vain, and your faith is also vain". (See Section on The Resurrection)
In the ancient land of Israel, one of the seven annual festivals instituted by God which the people had to observe, was the Feast of First Fruits (Leviticus 23:9-14), on the 17th day of Nisan. This was a celebration of the harvest, when a sheaf of grain (possibly barley, which was the first crop to ripen) representing the very first of the harvest was waved before the Lord, as a symbolic gesture that dedicated the coming harvest to Him. [See The Seven Feasts of Israel
This festival was merely a shadow of something momentous to come, namely the resurrection of Christ. In his letter to the church in Corinth, the apostle Paul wrote, that like the first fruit offering of the Old Testament, Christ was the first of the harvest... the first one to be resurrected from the dead.
But now Christ has been raised from the dead, the first fruits of those who are asleep. (1 Corinthians 15:20 NASB)
In other words, our bodies will one day be raised. Christianity does not teach that our souls are imprisoned by our bodies, and death liberates us so that we can continue living forever as disembodied spirits. Christianity teaches that body and soul are one, and both will live forever, free from the fear of death.
and might free those who through fear of death were subject to slavery all their lives. (Hebrews 2:15 NASB)
For you have not received a spirit of slavery leading to fear again, but you have received a spirit of adoption as sons by which we cry out, "Abba! Father!" (Romans 8:15 NASB)
There is no question that even our temporary lives on earth would be far more pleasant if our bodies stayed youthful, healthy, and energetic. Many of us do not escape very serious, often terminal diseases... cancer, heart attacks, strokes, to name just a few of the more common ones. Even if we manage to escape these more serious misfortunes, most of us (past the age of 50 anyway) wish we had fewer aches and pains, more energy and flexibility, fewer wrinkles, and did not have to resort to glasses and hearing aids. The list is endless.
The Bible does not go into all that much detail about the new body, which makes it impossible to describe it with absolute certainty. However, the Scriptures do tell us that our bodies will be imperishable, glorious and powerful. (1 Corinthians 15:42-44).
Considering that some of the diseases that befall mankind can be downright scary, to say nothing of extremely painful, surely the promise of a new and glorious body that will last forever is something to turn cartwheels about
(Additional Details Here... Glorification of The Body)
How could it possibly get any better? As Paul once wrote "No eye has seen, no ear has heard, no mind has conceived what God has prepared for those who love him" (1 Corinthians 2:9)
Unless, of course, you prefer the complete ambiguity of "the abode of eternal bliss". In which case, all I can say is "have at it".
Christianity, which appears to millions to be outdated, out of touch, and largely irrelevant in modern society, actually has the answers to man's deepest questions, and promises to fulfill his most longed for dreams. In the not very distant future, a day is coming when mankind's most sophisticated, intelligent, savvy and 'with it' people will discover, to their shock, that the 'keys to the kingdom' are in the hands of Someone who's message of hope we dismissed, simply because the considerable amount of available evidence was not to their specifications.
But there is one problem.
God is not just going to allow you to waltz into this perfect world He has planned. In fact, the Bible very emphatically says there is a death penalty for all who sin, which means they will never see His kingdom.
Continue on to Part 14: The Warning of The Bible
The message of the Bible is, initially, unbelievably good... we can all live in a perfect world here on earth, in bodies that will neither age nor deteriorate. In fact, the heart of Jesus' preaching was the good news that the kingdom of God was on its way, and that we could be part of it. It then throws a spanner in the works by saying that sinful people cannot get there. After which it hits rock bottom when it tells us that no matter how well we live, we cannot live up to God's standard of holiness (no sin period), and we are all sinners who are under the death penalty... God's decreed punishment for any sin. Luckily God's mercy and love changes this hopeless situation. CLICK HERE
Ron and Mary Hulnick are The University of Santa Monica’s founding faculty and Co-Directors, and are described on the university’s web site as “pioneers and innovators in the emerging field of Spiritual Psychology”. As the site goes on to say “The Hulnicks are highly respected and recognized worldwide for their ability to support and guide students in discovering their own unique answers to life’s essential questions: “Who am I?” “What is my purpose?” and “How can I make a more meaningful contribution in the world?” [About Ron & Mary. Founding Faculty & Co-Directors. http://www.usmonline.org/about/about-ron-mary/]
The University of Santa Monica’s Mission statement says it “is dedicated to Communicating the Principles and Practices of Spiritual Psychology Worldwide, through the process of Soul-Centered Education” [http://www.usmonline.org/about/about-usm-online]
Endnotes (Chapter 13)
 Drs. Ron and Mary Hulnick. Spiritual Evolution: The Path to a Meaningful Life? May 2011.
 Answer to Death. Ray C. Stedman. http://www.raystedman.org/thematic-studies/christmas-and-easter/the-answer-to-death
 Edinburgh Inter-Faith Association. Sikhism http://www.eifa.org.uk/sikhism/
 Teachings of Guru Nanak. http://www.theholidayspot.com/guru_nanak_jayanti/teachings.htm
 Takashi Tsuji. On Reincarnation. BuddhaNet Basic Buddhism Guide. http://www.buddhanet.net/e-learning/reincarnation.htm
 Barbara O'Brien. The Eightfold Path. http://buddhism.about.com/od/theeightfoldpath/a/eightfoldpath.htm
[07[ Dharma Data: Nirvana. Buddhist Studies . http://www.buddhanet.net/e-learning/dharmadata/fdd43.htm
 The Heart of Hinduism. An Introduction to Key Concepts. http://hinduism.iskcon.org/concepts/100.htm
 The Heart of Hinduism. One Goal, Different Paths. http://hinduism.iskcon.org/concepts/109.htm
 Greg Koukl. Faith and Facts. Stand to Reason Ministries. http://www.str.org/articles/faith-and-facts#.U6w5tdLn9cY
 Dick Tripp. Exploring Christianity. The Answer To Our Problems. http://www.christianity.co.nz/religon5.htm
 Masumian, Farnaz (1995). Life After Death: A study of the afterlife in world religions. Oxford: Oneworld Publications. As quoted in Wikipedia. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Heaven#Islam
 What does the Baha'i Faith teach? © Copyright 2014 National Spiritual Assembly of the Baha'is of the United States
 Belief of "Heaven" / Jannah / Paradise in Islam. http://www.hilalplaza.com/islam/Heaven.html
 The Pleasures of Paradise (part 2 of 2) The religion of Islam. http://www.islamreligion.com/articles/10/
 Hadith 4:544. Narrated Abu Huraira. http://www.sacred-texts.com/isl/bukhari/bh4/bh4_547.htm
 The Pleasures of Paradise (part 2 of 2) http://www.islamreligion.com/articles/11/viewall/
 Bukhari 4:464. Narrated 'Imran bin Husain http://www.sacred-texts.com/isl/bukhari/bh4/bh4_468.htm
 Rabbi Or N. Rose. Heaven and Hell in Jewish Tradition. My Jewish Learning.
 Dave Hunt. An Appeal To Reason. http://www.thebereancall.org/content/appeal-reason
 Anthony Buzzard. The Christian Hope: Life in the Land of the Promise Made to Abraham.