Why Christians Are Deceived
That deception is so rampant in the church can be primarily attributed to just one underlying fact - the vast majority of Christians today are Biblically illiterate.
The Four Most Dangerous Mistakes Any Christian Can Make
1) Believe that we, or our pastor/denomination/spiritual leader cannot be fooled, 2) Attribute every personal testimony and “sign” as being of or from God, 3) Take Bible verses out of context and 4) believe that we, as Christians, are not to judge anything or any one. Not necessarily in that order.
Fraternizing With The Enemy
Few seem to realize that the Christians are commanded to separate themselves from those who teach and practice false doctrine
True and False Unity
Although doctrine has often been allowed to divide people in disgraceful ways, division is not something that can be avoided. You could scour the Scriptures for the next ten years without finding a single word about being united at the expense of truth. Ignoring important areas in which we differ is simply a papering over of the rot in the walls
Thou Shalt Not Judge! ... 11th Commandment Or Politically Correct Liberal View?
"Many tender-minded Christians fear to sin against love by daring to inquire into anything that comes wearing the cloak of Christianity and breathing the name of Jesus. They dare not examine the credentials of the latest prophet to hit their town lest they be guilty of rejecting something which may be of God. They timidly remember how the Pharisees refused to accept Christ when He came, and they do not want to be caught in the same snare, so they either reserve judgment or shut their eyes and accept everything without question. This is supposed to indicate a high degree of spirituality. But in sober fact it indicates no such thing. It may indeed be evidence of the absence of the Holy Spirit. Gullibility is not synonymous with spirituality. A. W. Tozer
ON THIS PAGE
What "to Judge" Means
"Judge Not" - Judging in General, Or Certain Types Of Judging?
He That Is Without Sin Among You
Who Are You To Say?
Attack Dogs of Christendom
The Often Scathing Language Used By Jesus and The Apostles
Judging is Far From Being "Unchristian"
Christians seem to have missed many, many instructions in Scripture that can not be followed without judging.
Discernment or "Judging" Is One Of The Gifts of The Holy Spirit
What "To Judge" Means
All too many Americans believe that one has to accommodate whatever anyone else believes - even if it contradicts the facts / makes absolutely no sense whatsoever. If you dare claim that what another person believes to be true is, in fact, wrong, you are accused of being intolerant and judgmental.
However let's first define what the word "judge" means. One dictionary says it is -
Mirriam Webster's pretty much echoes the above,
to form an opinion about through careful weighing of evidence and testing of premises. To determine or pronounce after inquiry and deliberation
Which means that when a person is told not to judge, they are being told that they should not consider and evaluate the evidence. How then we are to arrive at sensible conclusions regarding what we are to believe, or which path we are to follow, is anyone's guess.
In fact, regardless of often mealy-mouthed protestation to the contrary, we have to make judgments every single day of our lives. If we have an ounce of common sense we do not make important decisions such as what job to take, what car to buy, which insurance company to go with, or which candidate to vote for without doing the appropriate research - and make our decision based on a careful evaluation of the evidence we gather.
And that process is called 'judging'.
While it is certainly true that we can be fooled by someone or something, poor decisions can often be attributed to ignorance, a lack of understanding, and/or insufficient thought and deliberation.
Yet, how often do we hear one person telling another not to judge..
"Judge Not"- Judging in General, Or Certain Types Of Judging?
Sadly this post modern idea has carried over into the church - the instruction not to judge commonly hear among liberal Christians whose theology comes from political correctness, rather than Scripture. It is interesting that those who do quote the "judge not" verse are vaguely aware that it is somewhere in the Bible, while their more knowledgeable counterparts have actually narrowed it down to something that Jesus said. Pity that so many others statements Jesus made are not given equal consideration. For example, He also said
"If anyone wishes to come after Me, he must deny himself, and take up his cross and follow Me. (Matthew 16:24 NASB)
"Truly I say to you, unless you are converted and become like children, you will not enter the kingdom of heaven. (Matthew 18:3 NASB)
"... if you wish to enter into life, keep the commandments." (Matthew 19:17 NASB)
"You shall love the Lord your God with all your heart, and with all your soul, and with all your mind.... 'You shall love your neighbor as yourself.' ' (Matthew 22:37,39 NASB)
And, particularly applicable to non believers,
"...unless you believe that I am He, you will die in your sins." (John 8:24)
By the way, the irony of the situation is that those who quote this verse are not at all averse to judging (and condemning) your right to "contend earnestly for the faith", or simply your right to say what you believe to be right and wrong.
Those who quote the 'judge not" statement perfectly illustrate the old saying... "a little knowledge is a dangerous thing" because the Bible does not condemn judging in general, but points out that certain types of judging is wrong.
The First Kind of "Wrong Judging" Is To Judge Hypocritically.
The fact is, that "Judge not, that ye be not judged" is not a stand alone statement that Jesus pulled out of thin air, then went off to try his hand at fishing for his lunch on the Sea of Tiberias, saying no more on the matter. In fact, it has been terribly wrested from it's context. Perhaps we should allow the Lord to complete His thought AND His sentence.
"Do not judge so that you will not be judged. "For in the way you judge, you will be judged; and by your standard of measure, it will be measured to you. "Why do you look at the speck that is in your brother's eye, but do not notice the log that is in your own eye? "Or how can you say to your brother, 'Let me take the speck out of your eye,' and behold, the log is in your own eye? "You hypocrite, first take the log out of your own eye, and then you will see clearly to take the speck out of your brother's eye. (Matthew 7:1-5 NASB)
Read in context, it becomes clear that Jesus wasn't saying or even implying, that we should never make judgments about anyone, at any time. In fact just a couple of verses later Jesus Himself called certain people "dogs" and "swine" (7:6), and "wolves in sheep's clothing" (7:15).
Nor was He telling us that the other person does not have a problem that needs to be taken care of. He was instructing us not to judge hypocritically. That we have to "take the log out of our own eye" BEFORE removing the speck from our brother's eye.
Paul expressed a similar thought in Romans and Galatians
Therefore you have no excuse, everyone of you who passes judgment, for in that which you judge another, you condemn yourself; for you who judge practice the same things. And we know that the judgment of God rightly falls upon those who practice such things. But do you suppose this, O man, when you pass judgment on those who practice such things and do the same yourself, that you will escape the judgment of God? (Romans 2:1-3 NASB)
Brethren, even if anyone is caught in any trespass, you who are spiritual, restore such a one in a spirit of gentleness; each one looking to yourself, so that you too will not be tempted. (Galatians 6:1 NASB)
The Second Kind of "Wrong Judging" Is To Judge According To Appearances Or Material Possessions.
Remember what Jesus told the Pharisees and James said to the church
"Do not judge according to appearance, but judge with righteous judgment." (John 7:24 NASB)
For if a man comes into your assembly with a gold ring and dressed in fine clothes, and there also comes in a poor man in dirty clothes, and you pay special attention to the one who is wearing the fine clothes, and say, "You sit here in a good place," and you say to the poor man, "You stand over there, or sit down by my footstool," have you not made distinctions among yourselves, and become judges with evil motives? (James 2:2-4 NASB)
A Third Kind of "Wrong Judging" Is To Judge On Matters Of No Importance.
There are several verses in the 14th chapter of Romans in which Paul seems to emphasize that Christians should not judge each other.
Now accept the one who is weak in faith, but not for the purpose of passing judgment on his opinions. (Romans 14:1 NASB)
Who are you to judge the servant of another? To his own master he stands or falls; and he will stand, for the Lord is able to make him stand. (Romans 14:4 NASB)
But you, why do you judge your brother? Or you again, why do you regard your brother with contempt? For we will all stand before the judgment seat of God. (Romans 14:10 NASB)
Therefore let us not judge one another anymore, but rather determine this--not to put an obstacle or a stumbling block in a brother's way. (Romans 14:13 NASB)
In fact, Rick Warren used verse 4 in his book, The Purpose Driven Life, saying..
"God warns us over and over not to criticize, compare, or judge each other. When you criticize what another believer is doing in faith and from sincere conviction, you are interfering with God's business. 'What right do you have to criticize someone else's servants? Only their Lord can decide if they are doing right' (Romans 14: 4 CEV)" 
However, a careful reading of the context indicates that in this chapter Paul was addressing misunderstandings between the Jewish and Gentile Christians in Rome, inasmuch as the Gentiles completely disregarded certain customs that the Jews held sacred. Issues that had aroused friction were whether it was lawful to eat meat that was offered in sacrifice to idols; (V. 2). Whether days of fasting were to be observed (Vs. 5-6). And whether some certain animals were clean or unclean (V. 14).
People were judging each other over these issues, and Paul pointed out that neither fasting nor eating were of consequence, provided it is done conscientiously, and with a desire to glorify God (V. 6). And that no meat is unclean in and of itself, but is unclean if the person concerned believes it is (V.14). As he said
Do not tear down the work of God for the sake of food. All things indeed are clean, but they are evil for the man who eats and gives offense. It is good not to eat meat or to drink wine, or to do anything by which your brother stumbles. (Romans 14:20-21 NASB)
He That Is Without Sin Among You
John 8:7 is often used to support the fictitious idea that one should not judge anyone else. When the scribes and the Pharisees, who were obsessed with the law, brought a woman to Jesus who had been found in the very act of committing adultery they, according to the law of Moses wanted to stone her, Jesus ignored them at first, but...
when they persisted in asking Him, He straightened up, and said to them, "He who is without sin among you, let him be the first to throw a stone at her." (John 8:7 NASB)
from which people who read no further, get the impression that since none of us are without fault, none of us are in a position to cast stones at anyone else.
But that is not the end of the story. By this time the religious leader were fully aware that Jesus had compassion on sinners and would not wish to to condemn the woman. But if He did not pass sentence, He would be seen as contradicting Himself when He said that He had come to fulfill the law, not abolish it. (Matthew 5:17-18). They thought they had Jesus trapped, but how little they knew about our Lord.
He did not deny the woman's guilt, and did not ask for mercy for her. He simply asked one question ... who will cast the first stone? The Pharisees understood the subtle warning that they too were sinners and very vulnerable. They gradually melted away leaving the woman alone with Jesus who told her she was free to go. However, He also urged her to forsake her sin in the future .
Also, in the 18th chapter of the book of Matthew, Jesus instructed His disciples that they were to confront a brother who sins and, if necessary, the church was to discipline him
"If your brother sins, go and show him his fault in private; if he listens to you, you have won your brother. "But if he does not listen to you, take one or two more with you, so that by the mouth of two or three witnesses every fact may be confirmed. "If he refuses to listen to them, tell it to the church; and if he refuses to listen even to the church, let him be to you as a Gentile and a tax collector. (Matthew 18:15-17 NASB)
A second challenge thrown down at the feet of those who dare to challenge beliefs, doctrine, or practices is ....
Who Are You To Say?
This can be phrased in a number of ways... Who left you in charge? Who died and left you boss? Challengers are also often referred to as "heresy hunters" in an effort to disparage them. However I am reasonably sure that few people actually go hunting for heresies in the church.
Besides which, as the days grow more and more dark, it is highly unlikely that the Lord has stopped appointing watchmen and holding them accountable.
'But if the watchman sees the sword coming and does not blow the trumpet and the people are not warned, and a sword comes and takes a person from them, he is taken away in his iniquity; but his blood I will require from the watchman's hand.' (Ezekiel 33:6 NASB) Also see Ezekiel 3:17-18
These watchmen are not afraid to stand up and challenge false teachings. However, when they do, they often run into those who want to know what right they have to challenge their doctrine. This completely daft response attacks the challenger instead of the objection raised.
Note: If the challenger were to have said "you are wrong because I said so", the who are you to say response would be a valid one. There's a world of difference between "listen to me", and "listen to my argument".
The only appropriate way to counter a challenge to any doctrine or practice in the church is by the Scriptures that the person believes supports their view point. But this is rarely done. One outstanding example of this was ....
"Attack Dogs" of Christendom
Note: Although this issue came up some years ago, I have left it here simply because it a classic example of how so many respond to challenges by denigrating the challenger.
The August 2007 issue of Christianity Today carried an article by a David Aikman entitled Attack Dogs of Christendom.. Is This How To Bring Grace And Savor To A Crumbling Civilization?. In it he severely criticizes what he calls the
"self-appointed attack dogs of Christendom" who "seem determined to savage not only opponents of Christianity, but also fellow believers of whose doctrinal positions they disapprove".
Aikman went on to say
A troll through the Internet reveals websites so drenched in sarcasm and animosity that an agnostic, or a follower of another faith tradition interested in what it means to become a Christian, might be permanently disillusioned.
None of the major figures of American Protestantism in the past quarter-century have been spared from attack, from Billy Graham to Rick Warren, from Tim LaHaye to Robert Schuller. The attacks, moreover, are not reasoned or modestly couched criticism, but blasts of ire determined to discredit beyond redemption the targets of the criticism.
The angriest websites are those belonging to small, but disturbingly visible, fundamentalist Protestant groups outraged that fellow Protestants appear to be holding out a welcoming hand to Catholics or Orthodox Christians." 
He then names Ken Silva of Apprising Ministries, who allegedly called Rick Warren a "milquetoast", Robert Schuller and Norman Vincent Peale "the devil’s duo" and Brian McLaren and Joel Osteen "vipers of new evangelicalism" and "whitewashed tombs." Also called out was Way of Life,
"whose website features books with titles like Billy Graham and Rome, The Pentecostal and Charismatic Movement, and Contemporary Christian Music"  See Footnote I
What is astonishing is that in a short scathing article Aikman relegates pastor Cloud and his years of research and study to the dustbin of "heresy hunters". He completely ignored the substantial research and doctrinal arguments that usually goes into the reports of those issuing public warning against the teachings of other Christians. He never ever demonstrated where they are wrong according to the Scriptures. He instead chose to attack the ministry itself for comparing what is being taught in some churches with the Word of God.
While Aikman never quoted the Bible, he did quote atheist Sam Harris, whose 2004 bestseller The End of Faith, sparked what he called vitriolic e-mails and letters from Christians. Harris added that the most "disturbed" of his correspondents "always cite chapter and verse."
As said by David Cloud
The hypocrisy is obvious ... While Christianity Today claims that it is harmful and objectionable for Christians to issue public warnings against other Christians, they do not hesitate to issue a really nasty public warning against their fellow Christians at Apprising Ministries and Way of Life Literature. If Christianity Today issues public warnings, that is fine and helpful, but others are not allowed the same privilege. That sounds like hypocrisy to me. 
In other words, Aikman can call other Christians "attack dogs" but if they criticize at all, they must do so with grace. I am afraid I see little "grace" in Aikman's language.
The Often Scathing Language Used By Jesus and The Apostles
To say that a preacher should not publicly warn of error flies in the face of Scriptural teachings and examples. In fact, Scripture commands various people, at various times, to reprove, rebuke, and to earnestly contend for the faith once delivered to the saints.
preach the word; be ready in season and out of season; reprove, rebuke, exhort, with great patience and instruction. (2 Timothy 4:2 NASB)
Beloved, while I was making every effort to write you about our common salvation, I felt the necessity to write to you appealing that you contend earnestly for the faith which was once for all handed down to the saints. (Jude 1:3 NASB)
These things speak and exhort and reprove with all authority. Let no one disregard you. (Titus 2:15 NASB)
When dealing with the Pharisees, who were respected religious leaders of the day, Jesus' language can only be called 'harsh'. He called them hypocrites, children of hell, blind guides, fools and blind, serpents, and a generation of vipers. Sadly, His words equally apply to far too many religious leaders of today.
Jesus: "You brood of vipers, how can you, being evil, speak what is good? For the mouth speaks out of that which fills the heart. (Matthew 12:34 NASB)
"Woe to you, scribes and Pharisees, hypocrites! For you are like whitewashed tombs which on the outside appear beautiful, but inside they are full of dead men's bones and all uncleanness. (Matthew 23:27 NASB)
"You serpents, you brood of vipers, how will you escape the sentence of hell? (Matthew 23:33 NASB)
Additionally Jesus openly accused them of numerous transgressions, including pride and hypocrisy,
"They tie up heavy burdens and lay them on men's shoulders, but they themselves are unwilling to move them with so much as a finger. "But they do all their deeds to be noticed by men; for they broaden their phylacteries and lengthen the tassels of their garments. "They love the place of honor at banquets and the chief seats in the synagogues, and respectful greetings in the market places, and being called Rabbi by men. (Matthew 23:4-7 NASB)
And, as the incident at the temple shows, Jesus' words were followed by action.
And Jesus entered the temple and drove out all those who were buying and selling in the temple, and overturned the tables of the money changers and the seats of those who were selling doves. And He *said to them, "It is written, 'My house shall be called a house of prayer'; but you are making it a robbers' den." (Matthew 21:12-13 NASB)
That's about as judgmental as it gets.
John The Baptist was not exactly polite when he saw the religious leaders making their way to his baptism.
John The Baptist: But when he saw many of the Pharisees and Sadducees coming for baptism, he said to them, "You brood of vipers, who warned you to flee from the wrath to come? (Matthew 3:7 NASB)
In his words to the religious leaders who were about to stone him to death, Stephen called them betrayers and murderers (Emphasis Added)
"You men who are stiff-necked and uncircumcised in heart and ears are always resisting the Holy Spirit; you are doing just as your fathers did. "Which one of the prophets did your fathers not persecute? They killed those who had previously announced the coming of the Righteous One, whose betrayers and murderers you have now become; you who received the law as ordained by angels, and yet did not keep it." (Acts 7:51-53 NASB)
In practically every epistle he wrote, Paul issued strong warnings against error. Note how often he unhesitatingly names the person concerned, and how much 'intemperate' language he used.
But avoid worldly and empty chatter, for it will lead to further ungodliness, and their talk will spread like gangrene. Among them are Hymenaeus and Philetus, (2 Timothy 2:16-17 NASB)
O Timothy, guard what has been entrusted to you, avoiding worldly and empty chatter and the opposing arguments of what is falsely called "knowledge"-- which some have professed and thus gone astray from the faith. Grace be with you. (1 Timothy 6:20-21 NASB)
Brethren, join in following my example, and observe those who walk according to the pattern you have in us. For many walk, of whom I often told you, and now tell you even weeping, that they are enemies of the cross of Christ, whose end is destruction, whose god is their appetite, and whose glory is in their shame, who set their minds on earthly things. (Philippians 3:17-19 NASB)
Alexander the coppersmith did me much harm; the Lord will repay him according to his deeds. (2 Timothy 4:14 NASB)
I am amazed that you are so quickly deserting Him who called you by the grace of Christ, for a different gospel; which is really not another; only there are some who are disturbing you and want to distort the gospel of Christ. But even if we, or an angel from heaven, should preach to you a gospel contrary to what we have preached to you, he is to be accursed! (Galatians 1:6-8 NASB)
The "apostle of love" did not mince any words when speaking of people who claimed to know Jesus, but did not obey Him. He flat out called them "liars".
The one who says, "I have come to know Him," and does not keep His commandments, is a liar, and the truth is not in him; (1 John 2:4 NASB)
Additionally, he warned his readers that many "deceivers" and "antichrists" have gone into the world (1 John 1:7), and that a certain Diotrephes was babbling against them with "wicked" words. (3 John 1:10)
He emphatically stated that "Anyone who goes too far and does not abide in the teaching of Christ, does not have God; (2 John 1:9 NASB). Than adds
If anyone comes to you and does not bring this teaching, do not receive him into your house, and do not give him a greeting; for the one who gives him a greeting participates in his evil deeds. (2 John 1:10-11 NASB)
Also remember that it was John who said
Beloved, do not believe every spirit, but test (Greek dokimazo) the spirits to see whether they are from God, because many false prophets have gone out into the world. (1 John 4:1 NASB)
However, I think it was Peter who took the proverbial cake when it came to not mincing words. He devotes the entire second chapter of his second epistle to "false prophets" and isn't exactly gracious in what he says. He calls their teaching "destructive heresies" and that they are
Daring, self-willed, and do not tremble when they revile angelic majesties, (Vs. 10)
like unreasoning animals, born as creatures of instinct to be captured and killed (Vs.12),
stains and blemishes, reveling in their deceptions (Vs. 13)
" accursed children" with eyes full of adultery. They have hearts trained in greed, and never cease from sin, enticing unstable souls They have forsaken the right way, and have gone astray. (Vs. 14, 15)
springs without water and mists driven by a storm, for whom the black darkness has been reserved. (Vs. 17)
speaking out arrogant words of vanity they entice by fleshly desires, by sensuality (Vs. 18)
promising freedom to other people but are themselves slaves of corruption (Vs. 19)
Finally in verse 22, Peter says that according to the proverb, these dogs turn again to their own vomit and wallow in their own mire.
Judging is Far From Being "Unchristian"
If judging others is as unchristian as it is often made out to be, I have to ask how we will "Abhor what is evil; cling to what is good" (Romans 12:9) if we cannot tell the difference. Also try obeying any of the following without doing some judging..
Mark Them And Avoid Them: Now I urge you, brethren, keep your eye on those who cause dissensions and hindrances contrary to the teaching which you learned, and turn away from them. (Romans 16:17 NASB)
Do Not Associate Or Even Eat With A Fallen Brother.. Remove The Wicked Man From Among Yourselves: I wrote you in my letter not to associate with immoral people; I did not at all mean with the immoral people of this world, or with the covetous and swindlers, or with idolaters, for then you would have to go out of the world. But actually, I wrote to you not to associate with any so-called brother if he is an immoral person, or covetous, or an idolater, or a reviler, or a drunkard, or a swindler-- not even to eat with such a one. For what have I to do with judging outsiders? Do you not judge those who are within the church? (1 Corinthians 5:9-12 NASB)
Separate Yourself From Them: "Therefore, come out from their midst and be separate," says the lord. "and do not touch what is unclean; And I will welcome you. (2 Corinthians 6:17 NASB)
Rebuke Them: ..."... reprove them severely so that they may be sound in the faith, (Titus 1:13 NASB)
Reject Them: Reject a factious man (heretic) after a first and second warning, (Titus 3:10 NASB)
Turn Away From Them: holding to a form of godliness, although they have denied its power; Avoid such men as these. (2 Timothy 3:5 NASB)
Withdraw From Them: Now we command you, brethren, in the name of our Lord Jesus Christ, that you keep away from every brother who leads an unruly life and not according to the tradition which you received from us. (2 Thessalonians 3:6 NASB)
Have No Company With Them: If anyone does not obey our instruction in this letter, take special note of that person and do not associate with him, so that he will be put to shame. (2 Thessalonians 3:14 NASB)
Reprove Them: And have no fellowship with the unfruitful works of darkness, but rather reprove them. (Ephesians 5:11)
Receive Them Not: If there come any unto you, and bring not this doctrine, receive him not into your house, neither bid him God speed: For he that biddeth him God speed is partaker of his evil deeds. (2 John 1:10-11)
In fact... why are we forgetting what exactly is at stake here. Even if we were talking about the presidency of the United States, as important a position as that may be, no matter how big a duffer we manage to elect, we have the consolation that he can be gone in four years, and his nonsense will hopefully be corrected by the next person.
However, when the issue is spiritual matters, we are not talking about four years or having to get rid of that lemon we bought. We are talking about a life and death situation from which there is no going back. Either men will live in God's kingdom for all eternity or be condemned to death for all eternity.
See The Message of the Bible and The Warning of The Bible
Discernment Or "Judging" Is One Of The Gifts Of The Holy Spirit
In speaking of the "diversities of gifts" given by the Holy Spirit, Paul says
and to another the effecting of miracles, and to another prophecy, and to another the discernment (Gk diakrisis) of spirits, to another various kinds of tongues, and to another the interpretation of tongues. (1 Corinthians 12:10)
And the author of Hebrews adds
But solid food is for the mature, who because of practice have their senses trained to discern (Gk diakrisis) good and evil. (Hebrews 5:14 NASB)
The Greek "diakrisis" is derived from diakrino - to separate thoroughly, discern, doubt, judge. In other words, one of the gifts of the Holy Spirit is the ability to judge or determine between two things as to which is right and which is wrong.
We had better start rethinking our position on being "judgmental", because the big judgment that all of us are going to face in the not so distant future is going to be made by someone who couldn't care less about being 'politically correct'. His only basis for judgment is going to be whether or not we have obeyed His Word and is going to hold us accountable for what we have ourselves done or have allowed in our churches.
While I am not saying that, by reason of his accomplishments, David Cloud is an infallible authority on all things spiritual, he is not exactly a fool with a computer and an internet connection. He and his wife Linda have been missionaries to Nepal since 1979 and have started churches, Bible Institute, and a radio program. He is also the Director of Way Of Life Literature and the publisher of O Timothy magazine.
On the other hand, David Aikman had a "23-year career at TIME Magazine", has "special expertise in China, Russia, the Middle East etc." Is "trained as a historian" and teaches "international relations". 
One of David Aikman's book is Great Souls: Six Who Changed a Century, an examination of the lives of six morally exemplary figures of the 20th century: Mother Teresa, Pope John Paul II, Aleksandr Solzhenitsyn, Billy Graham, Nelson Mandela, and Elie Wiesel.
Billy Graham was quoted as saying..
"I used to believe that pagans in far countries were lost if they did not have the gospel of Christ preached to them.. I no longer believe that." And there is more... much much more. [Details]
Mother Theresa believed Hindus could go to heaven if they believed sincerely in their gods.
Catholicism: The official doctrine of the Catholic church does not involve salvation by faith but that salvation comes through grace, but the grace is distributed a little at a time through the official sacraments of the Roman Catholic Church. [See Catholics and Protestants ... How Big Are The Differences?]
In his first speech as Pope, delivered on April 20 to the College of Cardinals gathered in the Sistine Chapel, Benedict XVI said: "In support of this promise, I invoke the maternal intercession of Mary Most Holy, in whose hands I place the present and the future of my person and of the Church" ("Benedict XVI, a Pope of Christ, Communion, Collegiality," Vatican Information Service, April 20)
Transubstantiation, Purgatory, indulgences, the Immaculate Conception, and other doctrines came about because of papal authority, yet that authority is without foundation. It takes some very elaborate armchair gymnastics to prove from the Bible that the Lord Jesus appointed Peter to be the first pope. See Section on Catholicism
That Hindu ceremonies, along with other interfaith ceremonies were conducted at Fatima [Details]. And on and on without end.
Rick Warren: I also don't think Rick Warren is a "milquetoast" as Ken Silva of Apprising Ministries is supposed to have called him. The word milquetoast means 'one who has a meek, timid, unassertive nature'. Rick Warren is far, far worse, having done more than his fair share to lead Christians down many wrong paths. However I certainly agree that Robert Schuller and Norman Vincent Peale are unquestionably "the devil's duo", having introduced innumerable occult concepts AND literature into the church. While Brian McLaren. and Joel Osteen are without question "vipers of new evangelicalism" and "whitewashed tombs."
Joel Osteen has been all too happy to carry the banner first raised by Norman Vincent Peale and Naploean Hill (and make himself tremendously rich in the process). An October 21, 2005 article By Tatiana Morales on CBS News.com refers to an appearance Osteen made on The Early Show on which co-anchor Harry Smith ..."compared Osteen's preaching to Norman Vincent Peale's, and Osteen agreed".
The problem is that Norman Vincent Peale's The Power of Positive Thinking, not only displays an unmistakable resemblance to the philosophies of Napoleon Hill, but he even used one of Hill's hallmark expressions.. conceive and believe, which was in turn used by Osteen. The wording in all three of the books is virtually identical. And, where did Napoleon Hill get his ideas? He was vastly influenced by an "imaginary cabinet" and his conversations with actual unseen beings.
[See Section on Joel Osteen in article on the Prosperity Doctrine.
 The Purpose Driven Life. Day Twenty One: Protecting Your Church. Pgs. 163-164). Hardcover: Zondervan; 1st edition (October 1, 2002)
 David Aikman. Attack Dogs of Christendom... Is this how to bring grace and savor to a crumbling civilization? Posted 8/27/2007 http://www.christianitytoday.com/ct/2007/august/23.52.html
 David Cloud, Christianity Today's Cheap Shot At Biblical Warning Ministries. August 28, 2007.
 David Aikman. The Delusion of Disbelief: Why the New Atheism is a Threat to Your Life, Liberty, and Pursuit of Happiness. About The Author. https://goo.gl/SUkXMm