Section 2 .. Reasons To Believe/Jesus

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The Deity of Jesus Christ. Was He Lord, Liar,
Or Lunatic?

Part III - The Miracles and The Strikingly Significant Parallels between Yahweh in The Old Testament and Jesus in the New

Carol Brooks

Detailed Index To All Five Sections

PART I - Introduction and How Jesus Was Viewed By Those Who Knew Him.
Those Who Knew Jesus Referred to Him as the Logos and Theos

PART II - What Jesus Said About Himself
 Considering the claims Jesus made, the titles he gave Himself, and the worship He accepted, the only possible conclusion one can come to is that He suffered from grandiose delusions -  or He was the Son of God as He said.

PART III - Jesus' Claims - Authenticated By Some Very Impressive Evidence 
Miracles, Prophecy, and The Strikingly Significant Parallels between Yahweh in The Old Testament and Jesus in the New

PART IV - Rebuttal Arguments
Five passages in particular are often used as proof that Christ was not Deity.

PART V - Explaining The Unexplainable and Conclusion
So how can all this be explained? How can Jesus and the Father be one, yet distinguishable from each other?
Last, but far from least, one has to come to a decision about Jesus.



Miracles - Authenticating The Claims
The Strikingly Significant Parallels between Yahweh In The Old Testament, and Jesus In The New


Miracles - Authenticating The Claims
There is no question that Jesus healed some people simply because had immense compassion for the suffering. However, most of the miracles He performed were to done to authenticate His message and mission.. to show that He was indeed the Messiah. Luke tells us that at the very outset of His public ministry, Jesus went to the synagogue as was His custom, but this time He stood up to read from the Isaiah scroll handed to Him.

    "The spirit of the Lord is upon me, because he anointed Me to preach the gospel to the poor. He has sent Me to proclaim release to the captives, and recovery of sight to the blind, to set free those who are oppressed, to proclaim the favorable year of the Lord." And He closed the book, gave it back to the attendant and sat down; and the eyes of all in the synagogue were fixed on Him. (Luke 4:18-20 NASB)

    This is a paraphrase of Isaiah 61:1-2a

    The Spirit of the Lord God is upon me, Because the Lord has anointed me to bring good news to the afflicted; He has sent me to bind up the brokenhearted, To proclaim liberty to captives and freedom to prisoners; To proclaim the favorable year of the Lord; (Isaiah 61:1 NASB)

Jesus Himself declared that His works testified that the Father had sent Him (John 5:36). And when John the Baptist sent men to ask Jesus if He was "the Coming One" or whether they were to look for another. Jesus' reply was simply to point them in the direction of the miraculous works He had done...

    "Go and report to John what you have seen and heard: the blind receive their sight, the lame walk, the lepers are cleansed, and the deaf hear, the dead are raised up, the poor have the gospel preached to them . (Luke 7:22 NASB) .

John plainly said that that Jesus's miracles served to authenticate His claims.

    Therefore many other signs Jesus also performed in the presence of the disciples, which are not written in this book; but these have been written so that you may believe that Jesus is the Christ, the Son of God; and that believing you may have life in His name. (John 20:30-31 NASB)

And so they did. Even the Pharisee Nicodemus came to Jesus by night and said,

    "Rabbi, we know that You have come from God as a teacher; for no one can do these signs that You do unless God is with him." (John 3:2 NASB)

Onn Pentecost, Peter pleaded with the crowd to repent of the fact that they had crucified "Jesus the Nazarene, a man attested to you by God with miracles and wonders and signs which God performed through Him in your midst, just as you yourselves know" and that they needed to know for certain that God has made  this Jesus whom they crucified both Lord and Christ. (Acts 2:22 - 36 NASB) 

The Skeptics
However, in his book, Jesus: A Revolutionary Biography, John Dominic Crossan, former Catholic priest, and co-founder of the Jesus Seminar wrote that he did not think "that anyone, anywhere, at any time brings dead people back to life."  [05]

That statement strikes me as being the height of patronizing presumption and arrogance. Dominic Crossan seems not to have any clue as to what God is and what he is capable of doing. Besides which, neither he nor anyone else, has the faintest idea of what takes place in every nook and cranny of the globe, at every single moment in time - much less what has transpired over the centuries. A thousand people could have been raised to life in some century in some part of the world, without Crossan ever hearing of it.

Additionally, those who claim they do not believe that miracles can occur are usually those who have never experienced one for themselves.

If the historical accounts of Jesus miracles were not based on fact, they would not have survived. Not only do legends usually develop generations after the death of the person, but the Gospels were written and circulated during the lifetime of both friendly and hostile witnesses, who would have challenged the accounts had they not been accurate. Besides which the scribes and Pharisees were so against Jesus - following everything He said and did so closely that had any of the claims had been exaggerated they would not have lost any time discrediting Him.

The fact is the accounts could not be refuted and the Bible has proven to be a historically reliable document

The Reliability of The New Testament

If we applied whatever criteria liberal scholars use to dismiss the Gospels, to the evidence for other ancient historical people and events, we would be forced to dismiss as myth every single thing we think we think we know about the ancient past, simply because everything we assume to be factual history is based (just as the Gospels are) on historians. So what is the excuse for many scholar's policy that what's sauce for the goose is not sauce for the gander? And, bias aside, do the New Testament records fulfill the historian's requirements of internal, external and transmissional reliability. In other words, when were the Gospel accounts written, were they authored by the people whose name they bear, did they intend to record history, or did they have a hidden agenda? Finally, can we be reasonably certain that the text we have to today is what was originally written

The Impossible Faith... Or How Not to Start an Ancient Religion
17 things Christianity did wrong if they wanted to start a successful religion

And God And His Bible
What is truly interesting is that most people seem to be prejudiced against the Bible, but well disposed towards other 'scriptures'. In fact, if you quote the Bible, it is quite likely that you will hear something like "everyone knows the Bible is full of errors and contradictions". However if you were to appeal to... say... the writings of Buddha, you would probably be viewed as a wise, or even enlightened, person. This is a rather illogical situation, because there is far more evidence in favor of the Bible being true, than there is for any of the other 'holy books' like the Quran, the Bhagavad-Gita, the writings of Confucius, or the Book of Mormon. This evidence includes its humanly impossible authorship, its candor about the faults and failings of it's main characters, its fulfilled prophecy, and i's archaeological and scientific accuracy... none of which are seen in the books of other religions

The Strikingly Significant Parallels between Yahweh In The Old Testament, and Jesus In The New
The next piece of evidence is perhaps the most convincing. Numerous Old Testament prophecies/statements concerning Yahweh or God the Father, which were either quoted in the New Testament as referring to Jesus or were fulfilled by Him.

Names/Designations Of God In The Old Testament.

YHVH and elhym
So we know exactly who is being referred to, we need to be aware of the most commonly used names of God the Father in the Old Testament - particularly YHVH and Elhym. The first is used over 5000 time in the Old Testament, the second over 2000.

When Moses, at the burning bush asked what he should say if the captive Jews asked who had sent Moses to them, God's reply was to tell the people that I AM had sent Moses to them. (Exodus 3:14) In Hebrew the name God gave consisted of the four consonants Y H V H (or Y H W H) regarded by Jews as too sacred to be pronounced. It is usually transliterated as Jehovah or Yahweh. See Footnote IV

According to Tracey Rich of jewfaq.org, YHVH "reflects the fact that God's existence is eternal" and Elhym is used in Scripture when "emphasizing God's might, His creative power, and His attributes of justice and rulership". [06] In fact the Bible opens with these words "In the beginning God (Heb. elhym) created the heavens and the earth. (Genesis 1:1 NASB)

The Hebrew word l is a variation of elhym) is used over 200 times in the Old Testament. It can refer to any deity, but is especially used of the Almighty. See for example, Genesis 14:19

The word dn properly means master or lord. It is used over 300 times in the Old Testament of Abraham, angels, people who had servants etc. However, the term has also been applied to God Himself. Note how the prophet Zechariah uses the term for an angel and of God the Father.

      Then I spoke and said to the angel who was speaking with me, "What are these, my lord (Heb. dn)?" The angel replied to me, "These are the four spirits of heaven, going forth after standing before the Lord (Heb. dn) of all the earth, (Zechariah 6:4-5 NASB)

Bearing these in mind, we can compare statements made about God in the Old Testament with statements made about Jesus in the New. All emphasis mine.

Isaiah's Vision
Let's begin by comparing who the prophet Isaiah said he saw, and who John said Isaiah saw. Isaiah very clearly said he saw God the Father,

    In the year of King Uzziah's death I saw the Lord (Heb. adny) sitting on a throne, lofty and exalted, with the train of His robe filling the temple. Then I said, "Woe is me, for I am ruined! Because I am a man of unclean lips, And I live among a people of unclean lips; For my eyes have seen the King, the Lord (Heb. Yahweh) of hosts." (Isaiah 6:1, 5 NASB)

But John was equally clear that Isaiah had seen the glory of the Lord Jesus Christ. Verse 36 provides context

    (36) "While you have the Light, believe in the Light, so that you may become sons of Light." These things Jesus spoke, and He went away and hid Himself from them. (37) But though He had performed so many signs before them, yet they were not believing in Him. (38) This was to fulfill the word of Isaiah the prophet which he spoke: "Lord, who has believed our report? and to whom has the arm of the Lord been revealed?" (39) For this reason they could not believe, for Isaiah said again, (40) "He has blinded their eyes and he hardened their heart, so that they would not see with their eyes and perceive with their heart, and be converted and I heal them." (41) These things Isaiah said because he saw His glory, and he spoke of Him. (John 12:36-41 NASB)

The Ancient of Days
Additionally, compare the description of the Ancient of Days in the book of Daniel with John's vision of "someone like a son of man" in Revelation 1

    "I kept looking until thrones were set up, and the Ancient of Days took His seat; His vesture was like white snow and the hair of His head like pure wool. His throne was ablaze with flames, It's wheels were a burning fire. (Daniel 7:9 NASB)

    Then I turned to see the voice that was speaking with me. And having turned I saw seven golden lampstands; and in the middle of the lampstands I saw one like a son of man, clothed in a robe reaching to the feet, and girded across His chest with a golden sash. His head and His hair were white like white wool, like snow; and His eyes were like a flame of fire. (Revelation 1:11-14 NASB)

That the passage from Revelation is a description of Jesus is evident from verses 17-18, which say...

    When I saw Him, I fell at His feet like a dead man. And He placed His right hand on me, saying, "Do not be afraid; I am the first and the last, and the living One; and I was dead, and behold, I am alive forevermore, and I have the keys of death and of Hades. (Revelation 1:17-18 NASB)

Common Attributes 
In general, every one of the Father's attributes are also ascribed to the Son. (The list below is certainly not exhaustive).

Omnipresence (Present everywhere simultaneously)

    "Can a man hide himself in hiding places So I do not see him?" declares the Lord (Heb. Yahweh). "Do I not fill the heavens and the earth?" declares the Lord (Heb. Yahweh). (Jeremiah 23:24 NASB)

    "For where two or three have gathered together in My name, I am there in their midst." (Matthew 18:20 NASB)

Omniscience (Having complete or unlimited knowledge, awareness, or understanding - perceiving all things.

    The eyes of the Lord (Heb. Yahweh) are in every place, Watching the evil and the good. (Proverbs 15:3 NASB)

    Jesus saw Nathanael coming to Him, and *said of him, "Behold, an Israelite indeed, in whom there is no deceit!" Nathanael *said to Him, "How do You know me?" Jesus answered and said to him, "Before Philip called you, when you were under the fig tree, I saw you." Nathanael answered Him, "Rabbi, You are the Son of God; You are the King of Israel." (John 1:47-49 NASB)

Omnipotence (Unlimited Power)

    And, You, Lord, laid the foundation of the earth in the beginning, and the heavens are the work of your hands; they will perish, but you remain; they will all wear out like a garment, like a robe you will roll them up, like a garment they will be changed. But you are the same, and your years will have no end. (Hebrews 1:10-12 ESV)

    And, "You, Lord, in the beginning laid the foundation of the earth, and the heavens are the works of Your hands; they will perish, but You remain; and they all will become old like a garment, and like a mantle you will roll them up; like a garment they will also be changed. but You are the same, and Your years will not come to an end." (Hebrews 1:10-12 NASB)

Immutability... God Does Not Change

    "Even they will perish, but You endure; And all of them will wear out like a garment; Like clothing You will change them and they will be changed. "But You are the same, And Your years will not come to an end. (Psalms 102:26-27 NASB)

    Jesus Christ is the same yesterday and today and forever. (Hebrews 13:8 NASB)

Who is The Creator and Sustainer?
God Laid The Foundation Of The Earth
Psalm 102 is a prayer by someone very distressed who is 'pouring out his complaint' to Yahweh. See verse 1.

    "Of old You founded the earth, And the heavens are the work of Your hands. "Even they will perish, but You endure; And all of them will wear out like a garment; Like clothing You will change them and they will be changed. "But You are the same, And Your years will not come to an end. (Psalms 102:25-27 NASB)

In Hebrews 1:10-12, a section of this very prayer is addressed to the Son as the Creator who laid the foundation of the earth. Verses 8 and 9 provide context.

    (8) But of the Son He says, "Your throne, O God, is forever and ever, and the righteous scepter is the scepter of his kingdom. (9) "you have loved righteousness and hated lawlessness; therefore God, your God, has anointed you with the oil of gladness above your companions." (10) And, "You, Lord, in the beginning laid the foundation of the earth, and the heavens are the works of Your hands; (11) they will perish, but You remain; and they all will become old like a garment, (12) and like a mantle you will roll them up; like a garment they will also be changed. but You are the same, and Your years will not come to an end." (Hebrews 1:8-12 NASB)

How could part of a prayer directed to God the Father, be applied to someone who is not God?

God Created Heaven And Earth And Upholds The Universe
After the return to Jerusalem and to the Lord, the people acknowledged God's greatness

    You are the Lord (Heb. Yahweh), you alone. You have made heaven, the heaven of heavens, with all their host, the earth and all that is on it, the seas and all that is in them; and you preserve all of them; and the host of heaven worships you.  (Nehemiah 9:6 ESV)

However, the Scriptures also teach that Jesus is the upholder and sustainer of all things.

     Long ago, at many times and in many ways, God spoke to our fathers by the prophets, but in these last days he has spoken to us by his Son, whom he appointed the heir of all things, through whom also he created the world. He is the radiance of the glory of God and the exact imprint of his nature, and he upholds the universe by the word of his power. After making purification for sins, he sat down at the right hand of the Majesty on high, (Hebrews 1:1-3 ESV)

God And Can Calm The Seas
Part of Psalm 89 reads

    O Lord (Heb. Yahweh) God (Heb. elhym) of hosts, who is mighty as you are, O Lord (Heb. yhh) , with your faithfulness all around you? You rule the raging of the sea; when its waves rise, you still them. (Psalms 89:8-9 ESV)

Jesus did exactly the same thing.

    They became very much afraid and said to one another, "Who then is this, that even the wind and the sea obey Him?" (Mark 4:41 NASB)

Three Prophecies
Whose Way Would Be Prepared by The Messenger?
The following two verses speak of the messenger who would prepare the way of the Lord. Note: We tend to largely associate messengers of God with angels however, a mal'k can also be prophet, priest, or teacher. In this case the messenger was John The Baptist)

    "Behold, I am going to send My messenger (Heb. mal'k) , and he will clear the way before Me. And the Lord (Heb. dn), whom you seek, will suddenly come to His temple; and the messenger of the covenant, in whom you delight, behold, He is coming," says the Lord (Heb Yahweh) of hosts. (Malachi 3:1 NASB)

    A voice is calling, "Clear the way for the Lord (Heb Yahweh) in the wilderness; Make smooth in the desert a highway for our God (Heb. elhym). (Isaiah 40:3 NASB)

Both prophecies found fulfillment in the coming of John the Baptist, who heralded Jesus' public ministry. Matthew was very evidently quoting the Old Testament prophet Malachi.

    "And you, child (John The Baptist), will be called the prophet of the Most High; For you will go on before the Lord to prepare His ways ;  (Luke 1:76 NASB)

    This is the one about whom it is written, 'behold, I send my messenger ahead of you, who will prepare Your way before You.'  (Matthew 11:10 NASB)

Whose Side Would be Pierced?
The words below are quite obviously spoken by the Father emphasized by the fact that 'Me' has been capitalized.

    "And in that day I will set about to destroy all the nations that come against Jerusalem. "I will pour out on the house of David and on the inhabitants of Jerusalem, the Spirit of grace and of supplication, so that they will look on Me whom they have pierced; and they will mourn for Him, as one mourns for an only son, and they will weep bitterly over Him like the bitter weeping over a firstborn. (Zechariah 12:9-10 NASB)

However, it was Jesus whose side was wounded by the Roman soldier's lance..

    But one of the soldiers pierced His side with a spear, and immediately blood and water came out... For these things came to pass to fulfill the Scripture, "Not a bone of Him shall be broken." And again another Scripture says, "they shall look on Him whom they pierced." (John 19:34, 36-37 NASB)

    and from Jesus Christ, the faithful witness, the firstborn of the dead, and the ruler of the kings of the earth. To Him who loves us and released us from our sins by His blood-- and He has made us to be a kingdom, priests to His God and Father--to Him be the glory and the dominion forever and ever. Amen. behold, He is coming with the clouds, and every eye will see Him, even those who pierced Him; and all the tribes of the earth will mourn over Him. So it is to be. Amen. Revelation 1:5-7 NASB)

Who Was To Be a Stone Of Stumbling And A Rock Of Offense?
Isaiah 8:13-14 refers to Yahweh as the one who would become a stone of stumbling and a rock of offense.

    "It is the Lord of hosts whom you should regard as holy. And He shall be your fear, And He shall be your dread. "Then He shall become a sanctuary; But to both the houses of Israel, a stone to strike and a rock to stumble over, and a snare and a trap for the inhabitants of Jerusalem.  (Isaiah 8:13-14 NASB)

The New Testament applies these very same terms to Jesus.

    you also, as living stones, are being built up as a spiritual house for a holy priesthood, to offer up spiritual sacrifices acceptable to God through Jesus Christ. For this is contained in Scripture: "Behold, I lay in Zion a choice stone, a precious corner stone, and he who believes in Him will not be disappointed." This precious value, then, is for you who believe; but for those who disbelieve, "the stone which the builders rejected, this became the very corner stone," and, "a stone of stumbling and a rock of offense"; for they stumble because they are disobedient to the word, and to this doom they were also appointed. (1 Peter 2:5-8 NASB)

Who Raised Jesus From the Dead
 Several verses in Acts and one from the book of Colossians say God raised Jesus from the dead

"But God raised Him up again, putting an end to the agony of death, since it was impossible for Him to be held in its power... "This Jesus God raised up again, to which we are all witnesses.  (Acts 2:24, 32 NASB)

let it be known to all of you and to all the people of Israel, that by the name of Jesus Christ the Nazarene, whom you crucified, whom God raised from the dead--by this name this man stands here before you in good health... "God raised Him up on the third day and granted that He become visible,   (Acts 4:10, 10:40 NASB)

having been buried with Him in baptism, in which you were also raised up with Him through faith in the working of God, who raised Him from the dead. (Colossians 2:12 NASB)

...Yet, Jesus said that He would raise Himself up.

    Jesus answered them, "Destroy this temple, and in three days I will raise it up." The Jews then said, "It took forty-six years to build this temple, and will You raise it up in three days?" But He was speaking of the temple of His body. (John 2:19-21 NASB)

Furthermore, aren't we supposed to have just...

One Saviour and Redeemer

One Saviour
The Bible declares in no uncertain terms that God the Father alone is savior, and only He could fill this role.

    "Declare and set forth your case; Indeed, let them consult together. Who has announced this from of old? Who has long since declared it? Is it not I, the Lord (Heb. Yahweh) ? And there is no other God (Heb. elhym) besides Me, A righteous God (Heb. el) and a Savior; There is none except Me. "Turn to Me and be saved, all the ends of the earth; For I am God (Heb. l) , and there is no other. (Isaiah 45:21-22 NASB)

    "I, even I, am the Lord (Heb. Yahweh), And there is no savior besides Me. (Isaiah 43:11 NASB)

    Yet I have been the Lord (Heb. Yahweh) your God (Heb. elhym) since the land of Egypt; And you were not to know any god except Me, For there is no savior besides Me. (Hosea 13:4 NASB)

So how could Jesus be called the savior of the world, unless He was God?
And, if He wasn't God, then He added insult to injury by claiming to be the only way to salvation. In His words - "I am the way, and the truth, and the life; no one comes to the Father, but through Me" (John 14:6).

    and they were saying to the woman (the woman at the well in Samaria), "It is no longer because of what you said that we believe, for we have heard for ourselves and know that this One is indeed the Savior of the world." (John 4:42 NASB)

    let it be known to all of you and to all the people of Israel, that by the name of Jesus Christ the Nazarene, whom you crucified, whom God raised from the dead--by this name this man stands here before you in good health... And there is salvation in no one else; for there is no other name under heaven that has been given among men by which we must be saved." (Acts 4:10, 12 NASB)

And Whose Gospel Is It Anyway?
The Gospel is God's "good news" of salvation, a plan which He both decided on, and carried out. If Jesus were a created being, the authors of the New Testament would never have given credit that was due to God alone not to anyone else. They randomly switched between calling the Gospel the 'Gospel of God' and the 'Gospel of Christ' because knew Christ to be God. For example Paul said the Gospel was the Gospel of God then, just three verses later, he said it was "the gospel of Christ."

    to be a minister of Christ Jesus to the Gentiles, ministering as a priest the gospel of God (Gr. theos) , so that my offering of the Gentiles may become acceptable, sanctified by the Holy Spirit. (Romans 15:16 NASB)

    in the power of signs and wonders, in the power of the Spirit; so that from Jerusalem and round about as far as Illyricum I have fully preached the gospel of Christ. (Romans 15:19 NASB)

There s a similar situation in 1 Thessalonians

    Having so fond an affection for you, we were well-pleased to impart to you not only the gospel of God (Gr. theos) but also our own lives, because you had become very dear to us. (1 Thessalonians 2:8 NASB)

    and we sent Timothy, our brother and God's fellow worker in the gospel of Christ, to strengthen and encourage you as to your faith, (1 Thessalonians 3:2 NASB)

Several other New Testament passages mention the "gospel of Christ" and  Peter speaks of the gospel of God

    If others share the right over you, do we not more? Nevertheless, we did not use this right, but we endure all things so that we will cause no hindrance to the gospel of Christ. (1 Corinthians 9:12 NASB) Also see 2 Corinthians 9:13 and Galatians 1:7

    For it is time for judgment to begin with the household of God; and if it begins with us first, what will be the outcome for those who do not obey the gospel of God (Gr. theos)? (1 Peter 4:17 NASB)

Those Who Call On The Name of The "Lord" Shall Be Saved...

    "And it will come about that whoever calls on the name of the Lord (Heb. Yahweh) will be delivered; For on Mount Zion and in Jerusalem There will be those who escape, As the Lord (Heb. Yahweh) has said, Even among the survivors whom the Lord (Heb. Yahweh) calls. (Joel 2:32 NASB) 

In Romans 10 which is all about salvation by faith in Christ, Paul echoing Joel 2:32 says that "whoever will call on the name of the lord will be saved" However, while Joel was speaking about Yahweh, Paul was referring to Jesus

    that if you confess with your mouth Jesus as Lord, and believe in your heart that God raised Him from the dead, you will be saved; for "whoever will call on the name of the lord will be saved." (Romans 10:9, 13 NASB) 

In The End of Days, God...
Is Coming With All His Saints
As Zechariah wrote, in the day His feet will stand on the Mount of Olives

You will flee by the valley of My mountains, for the valley of the mountains will reach to Azel; yes, you will flee just as you fled before the earthquake in the days of Uzziah king of Judah. Then the Lord (Heb. Yahweh), my God (Heb. elhym), will come, and all the holy ones with Him! (Zechariah 14:5 NASB)

    so that He may establish your hearts without blame in holiness before our God and Father at the coming of our Lord Jesus with all His saints. (1 Thessalonians 3:13 NASB)

Will Take Vengeance on His Enemies  
The Old Testament speaks of God the Father Himself taking vengeance on His enemies.  If you read the context, there is no question that God the Father is speaking.

    'Vengeance is Mine, and retribution, In due time their foot will slip; For the day of their calamity is near, And the impending things are hastening upon them.' "For the Lord (Heb. Yahweh) will vindicate His people, And will have compassion on His servants, When He sees that their strength is gone, And there is none remaining, bond or free... If I sharpen My flashing sword, And My hand takes hold on justice, I will render vengeance on My adversaries, And I will repay those who hate Me. (Deuteronomy 32:35-36, 41 NASB)

But it is the Lord Jesus Christ that actually renders vengeance.

    and to give relief to you who are afflicted and to us as well when the Lord Jesus will be revealed from heaven with His mighty angels in flaming fire, dealing out retribution to those who do not know God and to those who do not obey the gospel of our Lord Jesus. (2 Thessalonians 1:7-8 NASB)

His Garments Will Be Stained With Blood

    Why is Your apparel red, And Your garments like the one who treads in the wine press? "I have trodden the wine trough alone, And from the peoples there was no man with Me. I also trod them in My anger And trampled them in My wrath; And their lifeblood is sprinkled on My garments, And I stained all My raiment. (Isaiah 63:2-3 NASB)

    He is clothed with a robe dipped in blood, and His name is called The Word of God. And the armies which are in heaven, clothed in fine linen, white and clean, were following Him on white horses. From His mouth comes a sharp sword, so that with it He may strike down the nations, and He will rule them with a rod of iron; and He treads the wine press of the fierce wrath of God, the Almighty. And on His robe and on His thigh He has a name written, "King Of Kings, And Lord Of Lords." (Revelation 19:13-16 NASB)

Will Judge the World And Give To Man According To His Ways

Let the field exult, and all that is in it. Then all the trees of the forest will sing for joy Before the  Lord (Heb. Yahweh), for He is coming, For He is coming to judge the earth. He will judge the world in righteousness And the peoples in His faithfulness. (Psalms 96:12-13 NASB)

    "For not even the Father judges anyone, but He has given all judgment to the Son, (John 5:22 NASB)

    "I, the  Lord (Heb. Yahweh), search the heart, I test the mind, Even to give to each man according to his ways, According to the results of his deeds. (Jeremiah 17:10 NASB)

    'And I will kill her children with pestilence, and all the churches will know that I am He who searches the minds and hearts; and I will give to each one of you according to your deeds. (Revelation 2:23 NASB)

 Will Establish His Throne For all Eternity 
The first two verses of Hebrews read thus,

    God, after He spoke long ago to the fathers in the prophets in many portions and in many ways, in these last days has spoken to us in His Son, whom He appointed heir of all things, through whom also He made the world. (Hebrews 1:1-2 NASB)

Verses 8 and 9 an address to the Son by the Father were quoted from Psalm 45:6-7

    But of the Son he says, "Your throne, O God (Gk. theos), is forever and ever, the scepter of uprightness is the scepter of your kingdom. You have loved righteousness and hated wickedness; therefore God (Gk. theos), your God (Gk. theos), has anointed you with the oil of gladness beyond your companions. (Hebrews 1:8-9 ESV)

Verses 6 and 7 of Psalm were addressed to elhym, the Eternal God himself. If the author of the Epistle to the Hebrews did not believe Jesus Christ to be the true and eternal God he has, as commentator Adam Clarke said, "utterly misapplied this Scripture".

    Your throne, O God (Heb. elhym) , is forever and ever; A scepter of uprightness is the scepter of Your kingdom. You have loved righteousness and hated wickedness; Therefore God (Heb. elhym), Your God (Heb. elhym), has anointed You With the oil of joy above Your fellows. (Psalms 45:6-7 NASB)

Every Knee Shall Bow...
(Isaiah 45:22-23, Philippians 2:9-11 and Romans 14:10)

    Turn to Me and be saved, all the ends of the earth; For I am God (Heb. l), , and there is no other. "I have sworn by Myself, The word has gone forth from My mouth in righteousness And will not turn back, That to Me every knee will bow, every tongue will swear allegiance. (Isaiah 45:22-23 NASB)

Paul was obviously very familiar with this verse from Isaiah, since he referred to it in the book of Romans, when he says "it is written"

    For it is written, "as I live, says the Lord, every knee shall bow to me, and every tongue shall give praise to God (Gr theos)." (Romans 14:11 NASB)

Although, just two verses earlier in the book of Romans, Paul spoke about Christ being Lord of both the dead and the living (Vs.9), some are not sure whether the apostle is referring to Jesus or God the Father in verse 11. The book of Philippians in which Paul very clearly stated that every knee shall bow at the name of Jesus should settle the matter

    so that at the name of Jesus every knee will bow, of those who are in heaven and on earth and under the earth, and that every tongue will confess that Jesus Christ is Lord, to the glory of God the Father. (Philippians 2:10-11 NASB)

Titles Shared By God The Father and Jesus
Lord of Lords
In The Old Testament The Father is called "Lord of lords"

    "For the Lord your God is the God of gods and the Lord of lords, the great, the mighty, and the awesome God who does not show partiality nor take a bribe. (Deuteronomy 10:17 NASB)

    Give thanks to the Lord of lords, For His loving kindness is everlasting. (Psalms 136:2-3 NASB)

In The New Testament, Jesus is called "Lord of lords"

    that you keep the commandment without stain or reproach until the appearing of our Lord Jesus Christ, which He will bring about at the proper time--He who is the blessed and only Sovereign, the King of kings and Lord of lords, (1 Timothy 6:14-15 NASB)

    "These will wage war against the Lamb, and the Lamb will overcome them, because He is Lord of lords and King of kings, and those who are with Him are the called and chosen and faithful." (Revelation 17:14 NASB)

    And on His robe and on His thigh He has a name written, "King of kings, and Lord of lords." (Revelation 19:16 NASB)

The "Lord of Glory" 
This term is applied to God the Father in both Old and New Testaments.

     Who is this King of glory? The Lord (Heb. Yahweh) of hosts, He is the King of glory. Selah. (Psalms 24:10 NASB)

    And he said, "Hear me, brethren and fathers! The God (Gr. theos) of glory appeared to our father Abraham when he was in Mesopotamia, before he lived in Haran, (Acts 7:2 NASB)

And also applied to Jesus Christ.

    but we speak God's wisdom in a mystery, the hidden wisdom which God predestined before the ages to our glory; the wisdom which none of the rulers of this age has understood; for if they had understood it they would not have crucified the Lord of glory; (1 Corinthians 2:7-8 NASB)

    My brothers, show no partiality as you hold the faith in our Lord Jesus Christ, the Lord of glory.  (James 2:1 ESV)

However, perhaps one of the the most compelling pieces of evidence is the fact that both God the Father and Jesus are called

Mighty God
In the ninth chapter of his book, Isaiah 9:6 says the coming Messiah will, among other titles, be referred to as "Mighty God" (Heb. El Gibbor).

    For a child will be born to us, a son will be given to us; And the government will rest on His shoulders; and His name will be called Wonderful Counselor, Mighty God (Heb. El Gibbor), Eternal Father, Prince of Peace. (Isaiah 9:6 NASB)

However, just one chapter earlier, Isaiah applied the title to God the Father - as did Jeremiah 

    Now in that day the remnant of Israel, and those of the house of Jacob who have escaped, will never again rely on the one who struck them, but will truly rely on the Lord, the Holy One of Israel. A remnant will return, the remnant of Jacob, to the mighty God (Heb. El Gibbor). (Isaiah 10:20-21 NASB)

    'Ah Lord (Heb. adny) God (Heb. Yahweh) ! Behold, You have made the heavens and the earth by Your great power and by Your outstretched arm! Nothing is too difficult for You, who shows lovingkindness to thousands, but repays the iniquity of fathers into the bosom of their children after them, O great and mighty God (Heb. El Gibbor). The Lord (Heb. Yahweh) of hosts is His name; (Jeremiah 32:17-18 NASB)

Note this is no similarity of wording -  the exact title is given both Jesus and Yahweh.

Footnote IV - The Name "Jehovah"
As said by Tracey R. Rich in The Name of G-d (http://www.jewfaq.org/name.htm)

     With the Temple destroyed and the prohibition on pronouncing The Name outside of the Temple, pronunciation of the Name fell into disuse. Scholars passed down knowledge of the correct pronunciation of YHVH for many generations, but eventually the correct pronunciation was lost, and we no longer know it with any certainty. We do not know what vowels were used, or even whether the Vav in the Name was a vowel or a consonant...

Some people render the four-letter Name as "Jehovah," but this pronunciation is particularly unlikely. The word "Jehovah" comes from the fact that ancient Jewish texts used to put the vowels of the Name "Adonai" (the usual substitute for YHVH) under the consonants of YHVH to remind people not to pronounce YHVH as written. A sixteenth century German Christian scribe, while transliterating the Bible into Latin for the Pope, wrote the Name out as it appeared in his texts, with the consonants of YHVH and the vowels of Adonai, and came up with the word JeHoVaH ("J" is pronounced "Y" in German), and the name stuck. [PLACE IN TEXT

CONTINUE ON TO PART IV - Rebuttal Arguments - Four passages in particular are often used as 'proof' that Christ was not Deity -  Matthew 24:36, Philippians 2:5-8, Matthew 19:16-17, Colossians 1:15-18 HERE


End Notes
[05] John Dominic Crosson, Jesus: A Revolutionary Biography (San Francisco: HarperCollins, 1994), 95.

[06] Tracey R Rich. www.jewfaq.org The Name of G-d. http://www.jewfaq.org/name.html


Return To Part II of The Deity of Christ

Artwork provided courtesy of James "theo" Theopistos.