Section 12...The New Age


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Detailed Text Version


New Thought: While the majority of people may be unable to define New Thought, hundreds of thousands are increasingly becoming influenced by it. New Thought actually is a broad term which covers numerous ideologies, all of which can be filed under the even broader term of metaphysics, and covers esoteric concepts like self-fulfilling prophecy, psychosomatic illness, the placebo effect, and the belief that whatever you send out into the world comes back to you. However reducing it to it’s essentials, New Thought very simply believes that your thoughts play a crucial role in the kind of life you experience… a higher power resides in each individual and that positive thinking and words activate that power, and in turn results in positive consequences.

Although most of them do not use the term New Thought, it is the cornerstone for most of the formulas for happy and successful living and espoused by virtually all of the success and motivational gurus. Norman Vincent Peale’s Positive Thinking, Clement Stone’s Positive Mental Attitude, Stephen Covey’s The 7 Habits of Highly Effective People, Robert Schuller’s Possibility Thinking, Charles Capps’ Positive Confession, and Oral Roberts’ seed-faith principles are all examples of New Thought..

However most New Thought devotees either leave God out of the formula (ascribing events to love, the cosmos, etc)  For example.. In an excerpt from Science of Mind publications, the Centre for Spiritual Living says the reason The Science of Mind has changed the lives of many thousands of people is its presentation of

    “…a specific method by which anyone, at any level of understanding, may relate consciously to the Creative Life Force of the universe—to "The Thing Itself"—for the purpose of achieving whatever constructive objective is desired... with the explicit understanding that no one need be limited by their past experience. Health, abundance, security, love, peace, and happiness are regarded as being the natural state of every person, and therefore within the immediate grasp of all who apply certain elementary principles of clear thinking and sincere intent”. [www.cslvancouver.com/science-of-mind.htm]

Having reduced God to a Universal Impersonal Principle… “The Thing” that can be utilized according to scientific laws, the creature has become the Creator! [See More on New Thought]

Word of Faith:  is the belief that faith works like a mighty power or force. Through faith we can obtain anything we want — health, wealth, success, etc. However, this force is only released through the spoken word. As we speak the words of faith, power is discharged to accomplish our desires. It take but half an eye to see the similarities between the two doctrines, however since the Word Faith group claim to be Christian they have to “Christianize” the concepts and somehow add God into the mixture. But since the Biblical God does not fit this mold, they completely reinvent Him in an image that conforms to their beliefs, teaching that the power of faith is a force… one that can even twist God’s arm. [See More on Word of Faith]

New Age, on the other hand, is an umbrella term for a wide range of personal and individual beliefs and practices influenced primarily by Eastern religions, paganism, and spiritism. A predominant teaching is that we are all divine and fully connected to God without need of any mythical redemptive works of Christ. [See Overview of The New Age]

One Common Thread that runs through both New Thought and the Word of Faith doctrine is the teaching that people can reach and understand of some type of secret knowledge, which lies beyond [or above] the range of normal or merely physical human experience.

The Chart

It is unlikely that many Christians are aware of common roots of some popular beliefs in the church and the New Thought beliefs without. Tracing this unholy genealogy can be confusing. The chart below which, although not comprehensive, should make it a little easier, and in some cases prove enlightening. Most of the boxes contain links to more details, on this page or some other.


Text Version

Please Note: The information on Robert Schuller on this page has been limited to his occult/New Age connections. Please see Robert Schuller: One of the Wolves of Acts 20:29-30 for a more comprehensive article on his countless deviations from Biblical Christianity. The New Age information has been repeated on that page.

Robert Schuller and Norman Vincent Peale

Norman Vincent Peale and Ernest Holmes
Norman Vincent Peale and Dr. Bernie Siegel
Bernie Siegel
Rick Warren and Bernie Siegel
Norman Vincent Peale and Unity Teacher Eric Butterworth
Eric Butterworth (1916-2003)
Norman Vincent Peale and metaphysician Florence Shinn
Norman Vincent Peale and The Jesus Letters

Robert Schuller, A Course in Miracles and Gerald Jampolsky.
Robert Schuller and Napoleon Hill
Robert Schuller and W. Clement Stone
Napoleon Hill and The Council of Thirty-Three
Clement Stone, Jack Canfield and The Secret

Rhonda Byrne’s The Secret and Wallace D. Wattle’s The Science of Getting Rich
Rhonda Byrne’s The Secret and Jerry Hicks
Esther Hicks and The Law of Attraction
Esther and Jerry Hicks and Jane Roberts and Seth Speaks

Wallace Wattles and Emma Curtis Hopkins
Emma Curtis Hopkins, Phineas Parkhurst Quimby and Mary Eddy Baker
Ernest Shurtleff Holmes, (1887-1960)
Mary Baker Eddy and Phineas Parkhurst Quimby
Ralph Waldo Emerson (1803 -1882)
Phineas Parkhurst Quimby (1802-1866)

Essek William Kenyon (1867-1948) and Emerson College
Charles Wesley Emerson (1837 - 1908)
Kenneth E. Hagin (1917-2003) and Essek William Kenyon

Thomas Troward (1847-1916)
Dr. Emmet Fox (1886 - 1951) and Thomas Troward
Agnes Sanford  (1897-1982)
Emanuel Swedenborg 1688-1772


Robert Schuller and Norman Vincent Peale (1898-1993)
Schuller credits close friend and mentor Norman Vincent Peale [publisher of Guidepost magazine and author of the best selling Power of Positive Thinking] with fine tuning his own positive faith and laying the foundation for his own Possibility Thinking that was to come.

On 2/7/94, Christian News reported that during one of Robert Schuller’s broadcasts in January of ‘94, he teared up while talking about the death of Norman Vincent Peale, who had died on Christmas eve the month before. During this broadcast Schuller talked about how Peale had been his inspiration and mentor and how he had started the positive thinking movement. Schuller then said he had swallowed it: "Hook, line, and sinker."

Although the name Norman Vincent Peale is known to much of the world thanks to his best selling book The Power of Positive Thinking and the ever popular Guideposts magazine, it is unlikely that many people have really delved into Peale’s beliefs. The abbreviated version is…

    Peale was a 33rd degree Mason who rejected the Christian doctrine of sin, the physical resurrection of Jesus Christ, and justification by faith alone in the merits of Christ. Although he used Christian terminology and rhetoric, in a sense his theology had little to do with Christianity, because it had little to do with sin and redemption. Although he may never have heard of the fourth-century heresy called Pelagianism, he was a thorough Pelagian -- that is, someone who believes that human nature is essentially good and that human beings are saved by developing their inner potential.

In fact Peale’s entire theology came from occult sources.. He actually “credits his theology of positive thinking to Ernest Holmes, founder of New Age/Occultic Church of Religious Science”. (Ernest Holmes, The First Religious Scientist, James Reid, p. 14). [See Ernest Holmes]

And In an article entitled Norman Vincent Peale: Apostle Of Self-Esteem, Way of Life Literature states that

     “He was powerfully influenced by Ralph Waldo Emerson. Emerson was a Unitarian minister who fashioned a religious philosophy that attempted to synthesize pagan religions such as Hinduism, Confucianism, and Zoroastrianism, with Christianity. He held to such heresies and pagan doctrines as the fatherhood of God, the divinity of man, the unity of religions, and man is one with God and has no need of an atonement.

in a sympathetic biography, God’s Salesman, author Carol V.R. George devotes an entire chapter to “Learning the Lessons of Liberalism.” George describes Peale’s education:

    “... he was guided by his professor of English literature, William E. Smyser, to works by Emerson and the Meditations of Marcus Aurelius for a sympathetic unfolding of the power of the individual mind. ... Peale’s discovery of James and EMERSON, and to a lesser extent Marcus Aurelius, acquired in the atmosphere of romantic idealism that seemed to flourish on the Methodist campus, EVENTUALLY BECAME PART OF HIS MENTAL EQUIPMENT AND THEN A LIFETIME FASCINATION. He would soon encounter the EMERSON OF TRANSCENDENTALISM again in seminary as a shaping force in liberal theology. ...”

Way of Life Literature further demonstrates Peale’s beliefs that

    “Man, allegedly, has the power within himself, or the ability to tap into a higher power within himself, to accomplish whatever he desires by learning how to visualize it into reality”.

    In his 1987 book Positive Imaging, Peale said:

      “Imaging consists of vividly picturing in your conscious mind, a desired goal or objective, and holding that image until it sinks into your unconscious mind, where IT RELEASES GREAT, UNTAPPED ENERGIES” (p. 7).

      “There is a powerful and mysterious force in human nature that is capable of bringing about dramatic improvement in our lives. It is a kind of mental engineering... So powerful is the imaging effect on thought and performance that a long-held visualization of an objective or goal can become determinative. ...In imaging, one does not merely think about a hoped-for goal; one ‘sees’ or visualizes it with tremendous intensity, reinforced by prayer. Imaging is a kind of LASER BEAM OF THE IMAGINATION, A SHAFT OF MENTAL ENERGY in which the desired goal of outcome is pictured so vividly by the conscious mind that the unconscious mind accepts it and is activated by it. THIS RELEASES POWERFUL INTERNAL FORCES that can bring about astonishing changes...” (pp. 9, 10). [Norman Vincent Peale: Apostle Of Self-Esteem, David Cloud]

Sound familiar?  He also said

    The world you live in is mental and not physical. Change your thought and you change everything. [Charles S. Braden. Spirits in Rebellion: The Rise and Development of New Thought, p. 387]

    Your unconscious mind [has a] power that turns wishes into realities when the wishes are strong enough. [Norman Vincent Peale, Positive Imaging (Fawcett Crest, 1982), p. 77]

    Who is God? Some theological being...? God is energy. As you breathe God in, as you visualize His energy, you will be reenergized! [Norman Vincent Peale, Plus: The Magazine of Positive Thinking, Vol. 37, no. 4 (Part II), May 1986, p. 23].   [Return to Index Or Return to Chart]

Norman Vincent Peale and Ernest Holmes
Further confessing his indebtedness to Science of Mind founder Ernest Holmes, he wrote on the back cover of Ernest Holmes: His Life and Times:

    "Only those who knew me as a boy can fully appreciate what Ernest Holmes did for me. Why, he made me a positive thinker."

Also saying on the Back Cover of Science of Mind, sometimes known as one of the greatest New Thought books ever written

    ”I believe God was in this man, Ernest Holmes. He was in tune with the Infinite.”

Holmes, by the way, took his inspirations and information from a variety of sources including Quimby, Darwin, Emerson, Freud, and Mary Baker Eddy, but, according to his brother… when he read the essay Self Reliance by Ralph Waldo Emerson a spark leaped into flames. [See Ernest Holmes] OR [Return to Index Or Return to Chart]

Norman Vincent Peale and Dr. Bernie Siegel
In Dr. Bernie Siegel's book, Love, Medicine, and Miracles, Peale writes, "In these pages is found a precious secret, that of health and well being" (inside cover).

    [In the book Siegel describes how he got his message and insights through guided meditation and an inner spirit guide (p. 18-20). Siegel also promotes meditation, hypnosis, and guided visualization with eastern/Occultic presuppositions based on "cosmic-at-oneness and enlightenment," Yoga and Kundalini, and Silva Mind Control (pgs. 147-152). Siegel also teaches that through continuous "spiritual consciousness" death no longer exists and that he has "received many messages from those who have died," (p. 220). Siegel concludes with instructions on how to meditate and visualize cosmic-at-oneness energy healing you. He also lists a whole spate of New Age writers and books for suggested reading (pp. 227-239).

Apparently this is a mutual admiration society with Bernie Siegel endorsing Robert Schuller’s 1995 book Prayer: My Soul’s Adventure With God. On the opening page he says …

    "This is a beautiful book of value to all people…. Robert Schuller’s newest book reaches beyond religion and information to what we all need—spirituality, inspiration, and understanding. Read it and live a life with meaning."
    Return to Index Or Return to Chart]

Bernie Siegel
Excerpt from Deceived on Purpose.. The New Age Implications of the Purpose-Driven Church. Chapter 5 -  Enter Robert Schuller. by Warren Smith 

“In June of 1978, a Connecticut physician named Bernie Siegel attended a workshop that would completely change his life, including the way he practiced medicine. As a result of a spiritual experience in this workshop—a guided visualization— he would eventually become a bestselling author and New Age leader. In his book Love, Medicine & Miracles, he describes this guided visualization:

    "In June 1978, my practice of medicine changed as a result of an unexpected experience I had at a teaching seminar. Oncologist O. Carl Simonton and psychologist Stephanie Matthews (then his wife) gave a workshop—Psychological Factors, Stress, and Cancer—at the Elmcrest Institute in Portland, Connecticut…." [Bernie Siegel. Love, Medicine & Miracles. p. 18]. 

    "The Simontons taught us how to meditate. At one point they led us in a directed meditation to find and meet an inner guide. I approached this exercise with all the skepticism one expects from a mechanistic doctor. Still, I sat down, closed my eyes, and followed directions. I didn’t believe it would work, but if it did I expected to see Jesus or Moses. Who else would dare appear inside a surgeon’s head? Instead I met George, a bearded, long-haired young man wearing an immaculate flowing white gown and a skullcap. It was an incredible awakening for me, because I hadn’t expected anything to happen…. 

    "George was spontaneous, aware of my feelings, and an excellent adviser. He gave me honest answers, some of which I didn’t like at first….  

    "All I know is that he has been my invaluable companion ever since his first appearance. My life is much easier now, because he does the hard work. [Bernie Siegel. Love, Medicine & Miracles. p. 19-20]. 

Since that initial spiritual encounter, Siegel has become a leading New Age author and spokesperson. Providing “hope” by fusing modern day medicine with New Age teachings and practices, Siegel has introduced New Age concepts into the professional medical community and to cancer patients everywhere.

In Friendship with God, Neale Donald Walsch writes that Bernie Siegel was the “first celebrity endorsement” he received for his first book Conversations with God: Book 1. Walsch said that “it helped book buyers, who might have been skittish about a previously unpublished author, see the value of what I had produced.” [Walsch, Friendship with God, p. 335–336]

Today, Siegel continues to influence countless numbers of people in his role as a New Age leader. In his books and workshops he encourages people to do guided meditations and visualizations—just as he once did—to initiate contact with their own personal spirit guides. Siegel openly endorses the teachings of A Course in Miracles, and currently serves on the Board of Advisors of Jerry Jampolsky’s A Course in Miracles-based Attitudinal Healing Center in Northern California.  

Peale is not the only one to speak favorably of Bernie Siegel.. [Return to Index Or Return to Chart]

Rick Warren and Bernie Siegel
As Warren Smith writes in Chapter 5 of Deceived on Purpose.. The New Age Implications of the Purpose-Driven Church.

Rick Warren “suddenly and inexplicably made reference to Bernie Siegel in Chapter Three of The Purpose-Driven Life” in conjunction with “remarks he was making about people who have “hope” and a “deep sense of life purpose.”” He goes on to say “The reader is given no explanation as to who Bernie Siegel is and, therefore, has no idea that Rick Warren was using the remark of a New Age leader to reference the importance of having “hope” and “purpose” in their life”.

Rick Warren wrote:

    "Without God, life has no purpose, and without purpose, life has no meaning. Without meaning, life has no significance or hope. In the Bible, many different people expressed this hopelessness. Isaiah complained, “I have labored to no purpose; I have spent my strength in vain and for nothing.” Job said, 'My life drags by—day after hopeless day” and “I give up; I am tired of living. Leave me alone. My life makes no sense.' The greatest tragedy is not death, but life without purpose. 

    "Hope is as essential to your life as air and water. You need hope to cope. Dr. Bernie Siegel found he could predict which of his cancer patients would go into remission by asking, “Do you want to live to be one hundred?” Those with a deep sense of life purpose answered yes and were the ones most likely to survive. Hope comes from having a purpose." [The Purpose-Driven Life, p. 30–31.]   [Return to Index Or Return to Chart]

Norman Vincent Peale and Unity Teacher Eric Butterworth
[Also See Norman Vincent Peale And Guideposts Magazine]

Butterworth is one of the chief leaders and writers for Unity School of Christianity. Butterworth, in his writings, clearly teaches New Age/Occultic world views. Of Eric Butterworth’s book Discover The Power Within You, Peale wrote 

    "Truly a life changer as many readers know. This book really does release the power within us all".

And of Butterworth’s book Life is for Loving Peale said

    "Thought-motivating and spiritually rewarding,"

So who was Eric Butterworth?

Eric Butterworth
Eric Butterworth often referred to as a "Twentieth Century Emerson”, was considered “a legend and spiritual icon in the Unity Movement” establishing three Unity ministries. “The author of 16 best-selling books on metaphysical spirituality, a gifted theologian, philosopher, and lecturer, Eric was a highly respected New Age pioneer and innovator of New Thought, whose life was dedicated to helping people to help themselves”… His teaching was focused on the Divinity of all people, and his desire was that everyone would know their Oneness with God. A visionary and an innovator, he originated the Spiritual Therapy Workshops, which he conducted for over 35 years. And, as a pioneer radio broadcaster, he began his daily messages, which at times went around the world, with the words: "You can change your life by altering your thoughts." [1]

Apparently Butterworth’s book, Discover the Power Within You is a favorite in Oprah Winfrey’s personal library.

    Eric was the first Unity minister to appear on Oprah, and speaking about his book Discover the Power Within You she said, "This book changed my perspective on life and religion. Eric Butterworth teaches that God isn't "up there." He exists inside each one of us, and it's up to us to seek the divine within.

    Eric reminds us, "Prosperity is one of God's greatest gifts to us. A loving Father/Mother God would not want Its children to be in poverty, and it is an axiomatic universal law that prosperity will occur when we do put spiritual practices into business!" [2]

According to the publisher of this book.

    “Eric Butterworth believes that the greatest discovery of all time was of the divine dimension of every human being. Christianity has emphasized Jesus' divinity, but Jesus himself taught the divinity of man. His most vital mission on earth was to help humanity discover this” and “the entire gospel explores techniques for unfolding this divine potential.”

    "Not one person in a million is living up to the best within him," writes Butterworth. "The great wisdom of the ages still lies locked in the depths of man's mental capacity, the great possibility of health and healing and eternal life still lies undiscovered in the depths of man's inner life, and the great key to success and opulence still lies within man's undiscovered potential."

    Jesus, according to Butterworth, was "perhaps ahead of his time" in that he taught of the endless potential of humanity and its spiritual unity with God while presenting "a workable philosophy, a way of life." [3]


Norman Vincent Peale and Metaphysician Florence Shinn

    Peale endorsed The Game of Life by metaphysician Florence Shinn, saying, "The Game of Life is filled with wisdom and creative insights. That its teachings will work I know to be a fact, for I've long used them myself."

      What are these teachings? "Jesus Christ knew in reality, there is no evil There is an old legend that Adam and Eve ate of `Maya the Tree of Illusion' Therefore evil is a false law man has made for himself... has been hypnotized by the race belief (of sin, sickness, and death) which is carnal or mortal thought," (p. 30.)

      " Jesus Christ brought the good news (the gospel) that there was a higher law than the law of Karma. The world thought is that of sin, sickness and death. He saw their absolute unreality. We know now from a scientific standpoint, that death could be overcome by stamping the subconscious mind with the conviction of eternal youth and eternal life. Working under the direction of the superconscious, (the Christ or God within man) the `resurrection of the body' would be accomplished," (pp. 46-47).

      On Page 83 the author teaches the law of reincarnation. [4] [Return to Index Or Return to Chart]

Norman Vincent Peale and The Jesus Letters by Jane Palzere and Anna Brown
[Also See Norman Vincent Peale And Guideposts Magazine]

    Peale endorsed the book The Jesus Letters by Jane Palzere and Anna Brown. He writes "What a wonderful gift to all of us from you is your book. You will bless many by this truly inspired book," (emphasis mine).

        According to the advertisement, "a book communicated through a process known as inspirational writing (automatic writing). Self identified as Jesus." Some quotes are given from the book, “God does not see evil. He sees only souls at different levels of awareness. It matters little if these writings come from the Jesus of Nazareth or Jesus of Jane, they are all the same consciousness and that consciousness is God. I am part of God, and Jane and Anna are part of that same God.” [4] [Return to Index Or Return to Chart]


In his booklet, The Power of the Inner Eye, Robert Schuller gives us a resounding example how he drew on and learned from the teachings of his mentors and friends, Napoleon Hill, Clement Stone and Norman Vincent Peale…

    “In the May, 1985, issue of Psychology Today…. "In the Mind's Eye." [It] deals with . . . visualization .... This is the vision that the Bible is talking about in the verse, "Where there is no vision the people perish.". . . I have practiced and harnessed the power of the inner eye and it works .... Thirty years ago we started with a vision of a church. It's all come true” (p.181 of Occult Invasion by Dave Hunt quoted in NEW AGE Pathways in the church. Let Us Reason Ministries. emphasis added]. [Return to Index Or Return to Chart]

Robert Schuller, A Course in Miracles and Gerald Jampolsky.

A Course in Miracles has been one of the most popular ‘enlightenment’ books ever. In A Course in Miracles: Christian Glossed Hinduism For The Masses, the Christian Research Institute asks the question… What is it about A Course in Miracles that has made it so successful?

    “In the past century a glut of spiritistic Bibles have been published to help usher in the anticipated New Age of occult enlightenment, but none have rivaled the popularity and influence achieved by the Course. It has sold 1.25 million sets and has been translated into French, Spanish, Italian, Portuguese, Hebrew, and many other languages. 1900 study groups now exist in the United States and Europe…. In light of its sales, the number of its teachers, and its indirect influence through other mediums, a conservative estimate would be that at least five million people have been exposed to the Course teachings. Some mainline churches use it as part of their educational programs, since numerous Catholic and Protestant clergy have given it glowing endorsements. In fact, the Course specifically commends itself toward acceptance within the Christian church. Distinctively Christian terminology is used throughout”.


    “the Course is a masterpiece of spiritual strategy. It claims to be a revelation from Jesus Christ Himself, and it is intelligently organized and simply written. It appeals to personal pride and can become almost addicting emotionally”.

Read CRI’s article A Course in Miracles: Christian Glossed Hinduism For The Masses and A Course In Miracles: A Biblical Evaluation

“All in all, the Course is carefully designed for radically restructuring a persons perception against Christian faith and toward New Age occultism”. But has any of that stopped ‘Christian leader’ Robert Schuller?  Sadly the answer is no! I guess there’s no reason to let a little channeling and occultism stand in the way of a successful career as a ‘possibilities’ teacher.

    In the late 1980s Schuller's Crystal Cathedral church hosted workshops for A Course In Miracles, a blatantly New Age human-potential course. Only after much outcry from knowledgeable Christians did the Crystal Cathedral stop hosting the workshops. Yet over the years Schuller has continued to champion many New Age teachers and has even showcased some on his Hour of Power television program. One, psychiatrist Jerry Jampolsky, has been touted by Schuller as a "Peace Maker" as recently as 2003. In introducing Jampolsky to his congregation, Schuller claimed that Jampolsky had "found God." What he neglected to tell the people is that Jampolsky found "God" through A Course In Miracles, and that Jampolsky's book, Love is Letting Go of Fear, is completely based on the teachings of A Course In Miracles. It's not that Jampolsky's connection to A Course In Miracles was hidden. On the dedication page of his book he thanked the authors of A Course In Miracles and openly stated that his book was based on their work. [Albert James Dager. Review of Deceived on Purpose...The New Age Implications of the Purpose-Driven Church by Warren Smith.  [5].

    On a 2004 [10/17/04] Hour of Power program, Schuller featured guest was New Age leader and A Course in Miracles advocate Gerald Jampolsky, endorsing all of Jampolsky’s “fabulous” books, adding that Jampolsky’s latest book, Forgiveness, was available in the Crystal Cathedral bookstore. On his web site Schuller describes his relationship with Jampolsky..

      “One of the many psychiatrists, with whom I have a very respected relationship, is Dr. Gerald Jampolsky. Jerry (which is the name he goes by)…” [Courage: Become A Peace Maker. Written By Robert H. Schuller. [6]

    So who is Jampolsky and what is his particular brand of spirituality??

    When Schuller endorsed Jampolsky’s books even, he left one thing out.. they are all completely based on the New Age teachings of A Course in Miracles and that the foreword of Forgiveness was written by Neale Donald Walsch, who is not some obscure New Age leader, but a bestselling author highly regarded by his New Age peers. He also forgot to mention that Gerald Jampolsky also operates under the influence of a spirit guide.

    “Jampolskys bestselling books, There Is a Rainbow Behind Every Cloud, Goodbye to Guilt, Out of Darkness into the Light, Love Is Letting Go of Fear, Teach Only Love, and Children as Teachers of Peace condense basic themes of the Course. His Center for Attitudinal Healing was founded in 1975 under the direction of an inner voice, which instructed him to establish a center where the principles of the Course could be taught and demonstrated... The Course content also promotes occultism and spiritistic guidance, which is another characteristic goal of demonic revelations. As an example of the psychic guidance people have been led to accept through the Course, many people have received the author of the Course (Jesus) as their personal spirit guide in other words, a demon cleverly impersonating Jesus. In his Good-Bye to Guilt Releasing Fear through Forgiveness (New York: Bantam, 1985, Pgs.62-64) Gerald Jampolsky confesses that ‘Jesus’ became his spirit guide and even possessed him in order to act and speak through him. [7]

Additionally, Gerald Jampolsky has also endorsed Schuller’s book Don’t Throw Away Tomorrow: Living God’s Dream for Your Life, saying

    Don’t Throw Away Tomorrow is written with such passion, compassion and honesty that you are actually able to feel the inner linings of Robert H. Schuller’s heart. There is a spiritual energy based on faith and optimism in this book, with so many heart rending stories that will uplift the reader into a new spiritual dimension.”

    “We need to learn the healing quality of wise compromise. ... Perhaps the only way to deal with contradictions is to combine them creatively and produce something new. That’s ingenious compromise.”

To repeat what has already been said.. there is a good reason that New age leaders think so highly of Robert Schuller.   [Return to Index Or Return to Chart]

Please see Robert Schuller: One of the Wolves of Acts 20:29-30 for a more comprehensive article on his countless deviations from Biblical Christianity.

Robert Schuller and Napoleon Hill:
 The book Success through a Positive Mental Attitude was authored by Clement Stone and Napoleon Hill, of which Schuller says… [Emphasis Added]

    Success Through a Positive Mental Attitude is one of the ten books that has most impacted my faith and my philosophy. It is a premier book on one of the most important subjects a person can study. No person’s education is complete without the concepts you and Napoleon Hill articulated in it so wisely and so well.” [8]

The problem here is that Success Through a Positive Mental Attitude is another channeled book..

    Hill claims that “..“ an emissary came across the astral plane. In a voice that “sounded like chimes of great music,” this visitor from another dimension declared: “I come from the Great School of Masters. I am one of the Council of Thirty-Three who serve the Great School and its initiates on the physical plane.” Hill was informed that he had been “under the guidance of the Great School” for years and had been chosen by them to give the formula of success, the “Supreme Secret,” to the world: that “anything the human mind can believe, the human mind can achieve.” 

So one of the ten books that “most impacted” Robert Schuller’s faith and philosophy came from spirit guides.. demons. 
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Robert Schuller and W. Clement Stone:
Schuller also had an on-going relationship with the co-author of Success Through a Positive Mental Attitude, Clement Stone who founded Religious Heritage of America. While I do not know a great deal about RHA, I have read that it is an interfaith organization, which certainly seems true. In 1970 it presented an award called Clergyman of the Year to archbishop Archbishop Iakovos [called a “Major Ecumenical Force” by a 2005 N.Y. Times article] of the Greek Orthodox church, who spent nine years on the World Council of Churches. And In 1973, they gave Bill Bright a special award for his work with youth and In 1980 Seventh-day Adventist, George  Vandeman, received the Religious Heritage of America Faith and Freedom Award for Television Religious Personality of the Year.

A June 17, 2002 article in the Chicago Sun-Times by Terry Savage, a Sun-Times Columnist mentions attending a celebration of W. Clement Stone’s 90th birthday… [Emphasis Added]

    “--a gathering that was attended by former President Nixon and the Rev. Robert Schuller of the Crystal Cathedral, as well as the business elite of Chicago. [9]

In his book Move Ahead with Possibility Thinking, Schuller says

    “One of the greatest American success stories surrounds the life of W. Clement Stone. In his wonderful book Success Through A Positive Mental Attitude he tell how he became a millionaire using O.P.M - Other People’s Money.”

Stone also served on the National Board of the Robert Schuller Ministries [10] and in fact, according to Robert Schuller himself, Clement Stone was a key element behind the Crystal Cathedral. [All Emphasis Added]

    “He’s probably the most positive-thinking person I ever knew,” the Rev. Robert Schuller, a 40-year friend who will speak at Stone’s funeral in Evanston on Friday, told The Times on Wednesday.

    “He was also a great believer in possibilities, and was one of the first persons to believe in my dream of a Crystal Cathedral,” Schuller said. “Without his major seven-figure gift, this building would not be standing here today.” [11]

    “He gave one million dollars to Rev. Dr. Robert Schuller to begin construction on the now world-famous Crystal Cathedral. When the church was completed, Rev. Schuller invited Stone to be first to speak as a lay person to those attending. Stone told the congregation: “You need to read Success Through A Positive Mental Attitude. I will get each of you a copy.” Later a truck delivered over 7,000 copies of this book co-written by Napoleon Hill and W. Clement Stone. [12]

Lets re-cap

    Q. Who was the first person to speak at the completed Crystal Cathedral… a so called Christian church?

    A. Clement Stone of course..

    Q. Was the first topic at this ‘church’ anything about God, Jesus Christ, man’s sin, the Gospel?

    A. Nope! It was about achieving success by a positive mental attitude.

    Q. Were free Bibles given to the congregation?

    A. Nope! Each person received a free copy of a channeled book.. Success Through A Positive Mental Attitude.
    Return to Index Or Return to Chart]

Napoleon Hill and The Council of Thirty-Three
The following is an excerpt from the introduction to Think and Grow Rich! By Napoleon Hill

    “When poet William Ernest Henry wrote the prophetic lines, ““I am the master of my fate, I am the captain of my Soul,” he should have informed us that we are Masters of our Fate, the Captains of our Souls, because we have the power to control our thoughts.

    He should have told us that the universe in which this little earth floats, in which we more and have our being, is itself a form of energy, and it is filled with a form of universal power which ADAPTS itself to the nature of the thoughts we hold in our minds- and INFLUENCES us, in natural ways, to transmute our thoughts into their physical equivalent... that this power makes no attempt to discriminate between destructive thoughts and constructive thoughts, that it will urge us to translate into physical reality thoughts of poverty just as quickly as it will influence us to act upon thoughts of riches”. [Introduction Think and Grow Rich! The Original Version, by Napoleon Hill. Pages 20-21]

In about 1937 Napoleon Hill wrote Think and Grow Rich,  which is still in print in several versions, and has sold more than 30 million copies. Napoleon Hill said he followed the habit of reshaping his own character, by trying to imitate the nine men (Emerson, Paine, Edison, Darwin, Lincoln, Burbank, Napoleon, Ford, and Carnegie) whose lives and life-works had been most impressive to him . And every night, over a long period of years, held an imaginary Council meeting with this group whom he called his "Invisible Counselors." He claimed that knowledge came from them that he was not able to get from just thinking and said "In these imaginary council meeting I call on my cabinet members for the knowledge I wished to contribute, addressing myself to each member in audible words....".

After some months of this nightly procedure, Hill says he "was astounded by the discovery that these imaginary figures became, apparently real" .

    Each of these nine men developed individual characteristics, which surprised me. For example, Lincoln developed the habit of always being late, then walking around in solemn parade. When he came, he walked very slowly, with his hands clasped behind him, and once in a while, he would stop as he passed, and rest his hand, momentarily, upon my shoulder... Burbank and Paine often indulged in witty repartee which seemed, at times, to shock the other members of the cabinet. One night Paine suggested that I prepare a lecture on "The Age of Reason," and deliver it from the pulpit of a church which I formerly attended. Many around the table laughed heartily at the suggestion. Not Napoleon! He drew his mouth down at the corners and groaned so loudly that all turned and looked at him with amazement. [Napoleon Hill. Think and Grow Rich. Chapter 14. The Sixth Sense. Pages 314-316. http://www.sacred-texts.com/nth/tgr/tgr19.htm]

Now either Hill was stark raving mad, or these were not "imaginary" figures for all that Hill tried to convince himself and others that they were. As Christian author Dave Hunt said in The Classic Case of Napoleon Hill

    Carl Jung also tried to deny the reality of the entities that visited and guided him. Jung finally was forced to admit their objective reality. Surely Hill could not really believe that his imagination gave each one of his nine counselors “individual characteristics,” characteristics which he confessed surprised him. And whence the wisdom that proved so beneficial on so many occasions when problems beyond his ability to solve were presented to his “imaginary” advisers? Of course, it is much more comfortable to believe in the power of imagination than to accept the fact that one has become the victim of an occult invasion.” [Occult Invasion, Harvest House, 1996. http://www.ankerberg.com/Articles/_PDFArchives/new-age/NA3W0102.pdf]

What is certain is that by 1967, when Hill published Grow Rich With Peace of Mind he had stopped talking to an "imaginary cabinet" and was talking with actual unseen beings. So Hill's journey into communication with the spirit realm (read demons)  apparently began at least as early as 1937 and continued for at least 30 years.

Hill says he was suddenly confronted in his study by an unexpected visitor from another dimension who, in a voice that “sounded like chimes of great music,” informed Hill that that he had been “under the guidance of the Great School” for years and had been chosen by them to give the formula of success, the “Supreme Secret,” to the world: that “anything the human mind can believe, the human mind can achieve.” [Napoleon Hill and W. Clement Stone, Grow Rich With Peace of Mind. Ballantine Books. Paperback Edition. (1996). Page 201]

Hill went on to fill in details of who it was that had chosen him

    "Now and again I have had evidence that unseen friends hover about me, unknowable to ordinary senses. In my studies I discovered there is a group of strange beings who maintain a school of wisdom which must be ten thousand years old, but I did not connect them with myself. Now I have found there is a connection. I am not one of them! - but I have been watched by them. Here is how I found this out.

     I finished this book. I was alone in my study and all was very still. A voice spoke. I saw nobody. I cannot tell you whence the voice came. First it spoke a password known to few men that riveted my attention."..... "I have come," said the voice, "to give you one more section to include in your book. In writing this section you may cause some readers to disbelieve you, yet you will write honestly and many will believe and be benefited. The world has been given many philosophies by which men are prepared for death, but you have been chosen to give mankind a philosophy by which men are prepared for happy living."

    I whispered; "Who are you?" In a softened voice, which sounded like chimes of great music, the unseen speaker replied: "I come from the Great School of the Masters. I am one of the Council of Thirty Three who serve the Great School and its initiates on the physical plane."

    The Great School of the Masters"

    That is the school of wisdom which has persisted secretly in the Himalayas for ten thousand years. Sometimes known as the Venerable Brotherhood of Ancient India, it is the great central reservoir of religious, philosophical, moral, physical, spiritual and psychical knowledge.

    Patiently this school strives to lift mankind from spiritual infancy and darkness to maturity of soul and final illumination. From the remotest days of antiquity, the Masters of the Great Schools have communicated with each other by telepathy. Eventually they met and organized themselves into the world's oldest association.

    The Great School of the Masters always has exercised it's powers for the constructive unfolding of individual human intelligence, in harmony with man's unchangeable control over his individual power of thought. The Masters believe that this great prerogative, which has been reserved for man alone provides man with the means by which he may largely control his earthly destiny.

    The School has Masters who can disembody themselves and travel instantly to any place they choose.... Now I knew that one of these Masters had come across thousands of miles, through the night, into my study." "You have earned the right to reveal a Supreme Secret to others," said the vibrant voice. ... The voice ended. I began to hear little sounds of the world around me, and I knew the Master had returned to the Great School of the Masters. [Napoleon Hill and W. Clement Stone, Grow Rich With Peace of Mind. Ballantine Books. Paperback Edition. (1996). Pages 169-171]


Note: It is both extremely interesting (and unnerving at the same time) that so many occultic paths lead back to India... The Himalayas to be be precise.

Alice Bailey’s spirit guide.. an ectoplasmic apparition from hell, called himself Djwhal Khul... The Tibetan and said he lived on the borders of Tibet. Under Djwhal Khul’s guidance Bailey wrote some 24 books and founded the Lucis Trust (formerly Lucifer Publishing Co.) which enjoys "Consultative Status" with the United Nations and has not only spawned several other organization… the Arcane School, Triangles, World Goodwill, Lucis Publishing, Lucis Productions, Lucis Trust Libraries, the New Group of World Servers, but also maintain the UN meditation room. (almost the entire purpose behind all of these organizations is to prepare the world for "the return of the Christ", a concept that has little in common with that of mainstream Christian churches. See The Antichrist)

Bailey taught that the Hierarchy of Masters, including Sanat Kumara, "Lord of the World", presently lives in Shambhala, which is now in the Mongolian desert, northeast of the Tibetan Plateau. In an address at the Arcane School Conference in Geneva, Switzerland, Bailey suggested that the "Shamballa force", the force from the invisible dimensions led by the Lord Maitreya will be "destructive." It will also, she said, eject unbelievers from the earth. [See Alice Bailey and The Lucis Trust] In one of her writings Shealso mentioned that 'After the great descent of the spiritual Existences [the Masters] to the earth, the work they planned to do was systematised”. (Initiation: Human and Solar (Lucis Press, 1922) pp.32-33).  Compare this with the verse in the Bible which tells us that after a mighty cosmic battle with good angels in the wake of Jesus' Ascension: 'The great dragon was cast out, that serpent of old, called the Devil and Satan, who deceives the whole world; he was cast to the earth, and his angels were cast out with him' (Revelation 12:9). [See The Ascended Masters]

This is the same area of the world that the Dalai Lama hails from. A “man of peace” who, not only believes in and teaches about the coming of the Maitreya but who…

    On the one hand, travelling the world, preaches a message of peace, compassion and interfaith cooperation. On the other hand he also has initiated thousands of people into the Kalachakra initiation, part of which is the Shambhala myth which prophecies and promotes, on an ideological basis, a “holy war” (Shambhala war) by Buddhists against non-Buddhists, in which “supremely ferocious warriors will throw down the barbarian hordes” and “eliminate” them.

    The Kalachakra texts say that the 25th Kalki king will emerge from Shambhala with a huge army to vanquish "Dark Forces" and usher in a worldwide thousand-year Golden Age. And who are these ‘Dark Forces’? Shri Kalachakra I. 154 says “Adam, Enoch, Abraham, Moses, Jesus, Mani, Mohammed and the Mahdi” are characterised as the “family of the demonic snakes” [Also See Article on The Dalai Lama]


As said by Jack Kettler, an ordained Presbyterian Elder ...

Hill made similar statements in chapter two of the book "The Master Key to Riches" when he unconditionally represents 'Eight Princes' as distinct entities, calling them his friends 

    who have done most for me in preparing my mind for the acceptance of riches. I call them the Eight Princes. They serve me when I am awake and they serve me while I sleep." [Page 26]

Hill refers to his communication as a "ceremony" on page 30 where he states:

    "Observe that I ask for nothing from the Princes, but I devote the entire ceremony to an expression of gratitude for the riches they have already bestowed upon me." He gives further credit to these beings: "The Princes know my needs and supply them!... Yes, they supply all of my needs in overabundance." While discussing the philosophy of life that the princes gave, he states: "It supports all religions yet it is a part of none!" [Page 33]

Hill has stated in other books that he rejected the religion of his youth and believes that he is not associated with any religion but has knowledge that "supports all religion". He states, in his early writings, that he never met these beings face to face. In other books, however, he describes how beings actually materialized in front of him and talked with him. He is clearly communicating with spiritual beings and pays some kind of homage to them, thus practicing a very old religion currently called by many "New Age" religion. [Jack Kettler. A Twenty First Century Christian Review of Napoleon Hill's "Think & Grow Rich" Part Two. http://ezinearticles.com/?A-Twenty-First-Century-Christian-Review-of-Napoleon-Hills-

The author’s preface to the original edition of Think and Grow Rich says.. (Note how many times the words The Secret is used ..Italics in original. Bold added)

    “Every chapter of this book mentions the money-making secret that has made fortunes for more than 500 exceedingly wealthy people whom I have analyzed over a long period of time. The secret was brought to my attention more than a quarter of a century ago by Andrew Carnegie…… he asked if I would be willing to spend 20 years or more preparing myself to take it to the world, to men and women who, without the secret, might go through life as failures… This book contains the secret, which has been put to a practical test by thousands of people from almost every walk of life. It was Mr. Carnegie’s idea that the magic formula, which gave him a stupendous fortune, ought to be placed within reach of people who do not have time to investigate how people make money... if it were properly taught it would so revolutionize the entire education system that the time spent in school could be reduced to less than half… In the chapter on Faith, you will read the astounding story of how the formula was applied to the organization of the giant United Steel Corporation…. This single application of the secret by that Youngman-Charles M. Schwab made him a huge fortune in both money and opportunity. Roughly speaking this particular application of the formulas was worth 600 million dollars.. The facts… give you a fair idea of what the reading of this book may bring to you, provided you know what you want.”.. The secret to which I refer has been mentioned no fewer than a hundred times throughout this book. It has not been directly named, for it seems to work more successfully when it is uncovered and left in sight, where those who are ready and searching for it may pick it up”. [Think and Grow Rich by Napoleon Hill]

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Clement Stone, Jack Canfield and The Secret
Jack Canfield, co-creator of the Chicken Soup for the Soul book series, was featured in The Secret Movie. On his site canfieldcoaching.com he says his mentor [Emphasis Added]

    “… was a man named W. Clement Stone, who was worth $600 million when I worked for him. He coached me about the Law of Attraction when I was a teacher in Chicago making $8,000 a year. He said I want you to set a goal that's so big that if you achieve it, you'll know it's because of the secret I am teaching you. I have since exceeded that goal many times and truly unleashed the power of positive thinking. This principle can create the same opportunity in your life. Come and join my coaching program to apply the secret and change your life forever!” [13]

In he book The Secret, in a chapter entitled The secret to money, Rhonda Byrne includes an anecdote from Jack Canfield concerning advice given him by Clement Stone, who told him to set a big goal for himself that would ‘blow his mind’ if he achieved it. Visualizing what it would be like to make $100,000 a year Jack Canfield soon had a published book take off, bringing him very close to his goal. The Secret also directly quotes Stone:

    “Whatever the mind of man can conceive, it can achieve” (W. Clement Stone).

In an interview with Dennis Hughes, Share Guide Co-publisher, Jack Canfield makes reference to Esther and Jerry Hicks

    “Esther and Jerry Hicks talk constantly in The Abraham Work about having a “vibrational escrow account.” All these things that you say you want have been lined up in the universe for you and are waiting for you to be in a place where you can receive them.” [14]

And in an article Utilizing The Law of Attraction, Jack Canfield says

    The law of attraction states that you will attract into your life—whether wanted or unwanted—whatever you give your energy, focus, and attention to… The law of attraction states that the universe responds to whatever you are offering -- by giving you more of whatever you are vibrating. It doesn’t care whether it is good for you or not; it simply responds to your vibration. If you saw the film The Secret, you saw this explained in great detail. [Source]
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Rhonda Byrne’s The Secret and Wallace D. Wattle’s The Science of Getting Rich
[See More on The Secret]

The Secret web site says the following… [Emphasis Added]

    “Towards the end of 2004, and following a string of traumatic events in her personal and professional life, Rhonda Byrne discovered a great secret - the secret laws and principles of the universe. Rhonda's daughter had given her a copy of The Science of Getting Rich, a book written in 1910 by Wallace D. Wattles. Of that moment, Rhonda says, "Something inside of me had me turn the pages one by one, and I can still remember my tears hitting the pages as I was reading it. It gave me a glimpse of The Secret and it was like a flame inside of my heart."

    What followed was a two-month odyssey of research and investigation as Rhonda traced The Secret back through thousands of years, incorporating almost every religion and field of human endeavour throughout history.

    Almost immediately her life was transformed, as she began to put into practice all she had learned. And in that moment her greatest wish, and new life mission, was to share this knowledge with the world”. [15]  [Return to Index Or Return to Chart]

Rhonda Byrne’s The Secret and Jerry Hicks
Rhonda Byrne, the author of The Secret, was also greatly influenced by a couple named Jerry and Esther Hicks. In the acknowledgements of The Secret, she thanks them for the teachings of Abraham. In fact The major star of the first version of the DVD was Esther Hicks [or Abraham] and is based upon the Law Of Attraction.

The Abraham Hicks website says

    It all started here: This is the original source material for the current Law of Attraction wave that is sweeping the world, and it is the 21st century inspiration for thousands of books, films, essays and lectures that are responsible for the current paradigm shift in consciousness.

    Here you will find accurate clarification of the basics of the Law of Attraction and practical applications as well as up-to-the-moment leading-edge expanding information regarding the Law of Attraction. (Also known as "The Teachings of Abraham") This is the fountainhead of the information upon which the hit movie, “The Secret” was based. [16]

So who are Esther and Jerry Hicks and more importantly who is Abraham?

    Esther Hicks is an inspirational speaker and best-selling author. She receives inspiration to translate blocks of thought (in other words, she feels inspired thought) from Abraham, said to be a group of non-physical beings. The material she translates is referred to as The Teachings of Abraham ®. She has co-authored eight books with her husband Jerry Hicks and has presented Law of Attraction workshops for Abraham-Hicks Publications in up to 60 cities a year since 1987. [Wikipedia. Emphasis added]

The Hicks website says:

    “Abraham, a group of obviously evolved teachers, speak their broader Non-physical perspective through the physical body of Esther”

In other words this is channeling or spirit possession. But lets go back to the beginning…

    “From early childhood, Jerry Hicks had been a strong seeker of truth. In the late '50s, while visiting friends in Spokane Washington, Jerry discovered a Ouija board. Initially a strong disbeliever, he came to accept that something "real" was happening. One session with the board directed Jerry to read books by Albert Schweitzer the Nobel Prize-winning philosopher, musician and Christian missionary. Jerry bought his own Ouija board, and although it never worked for him personally, he found three people that could receive messages through the board. These messages however were more like party conversation than the feel of his first experience, so he eventually discarded the board.

    In 1965, on impulse he picked up a book - Think And Grow Rich by Napoleon Hill. As he started to read it, goose bumps came up all over him. He decided to follow the teachings. In a short time he became a successful Hill-Hicksbusinessman, and even began teaching the principles in the book…

[In fact the Product Description of the Audio CD Living of "Think and Grow Rich" by Jerry Hicks & Think and Grow Rich by Napoleon Hill on Amazon says [Emphasis Added]

    “The difference a book made in this life by Jerry Hicks, and the original version of Think and Grow Rich by Napoleon Hill” ]

    …Esther's upbringing was such that she regarded ouija boards as evil. Despite their great relationship, Jerry learned to steer clear of topics like ouija boards - although Esther did ask what he had learned from it. Jerry felt strongly that there was intelligence "out there" that was desirous and willing to communicate. Some of it was frivolous and some just plain dumb. But some of it was pretty smart and it was real to him because of his experiences with it”

     By 1983 (he married Esther in 1980) Jerry's work with Think And Grow Rich had ceased to inspire him. He'd seen a few people get rich, but others seemed to fail no matter how many courses they attended. There had to be something more, so he kept looking. One day, in a library in Phoenix, on impulse he picked up another book called Seth Speaks by Jane Roberts, and started to read. The goose bumps sprang up again. It seems that Jane had the ability to go into a sort of trance and allow a non-physical entity called Seth to speak through her. [The Phenomenal Story Behind Abraham-Hicks. A synopsis of the information on the Abraham-Hicks™ introductory CD. [17]  [Return to Index Or Return to Chart]

The emphasis of the story now shifts to Esther

Esther Hicks and The Law of Attraction

In Esther and Jerry Hicks’ book of "The Law of Attraction: The Basics of the Teachings of Abraham"  they describe the beginnings of the channeling

    I thought it was both very wise and very kind of Jerry not to push the Seth books at me, because I really did feel a strong aversion to them. The whole idea of a person being in contact with a Non-Physical Being made me extremely uncomfortable, so, since Jerry didn’t want to disturb me, he would get up early in the morning, and while I was still sleeping, he’d read those books to himself. Gradually, when he’d find something that was particularly interesting to him, he would gently slip it into the conversation, and in my less resistant state, I could often hear the value of the idea. Bit by bit, Jerry introduced another concept and another, until I began to feel true interest in those amazing works. Eventually, it became our morning ritual. We would sit together, and Jerry would read to me from the Seth books…. As time passed, and as my fear of Jane’s process in the receiving of the information from Seth subsided, I began to feel immense appreciation for these wonderful books. In fact, we were so happily involved in what we were reading that we thought we would take a trip to New York to meet Jane and her husband, Robert—and even Seth! [Page 9]

After discovering that Jane had died, Esther and Jerry met with ‘Sheila’ who spoke for an entity named Theo, who gave them various instructions (or suggestions) as to how to faster toward their goals..

    Theo said: Affirmations, and then gave me a wonderful one: I, Esther Hicks, see and draw to me, through Divine Love, those Beings who seek enlightenment through my process. [Page 11]

Theo also told them to meditate

    For 15 minutes each day, sit in a quiet room, wear comfortable clothing, and focus on your breathing. And as your mind wanders, and it will, just release the thought and focus back on your breathing. [Page 11]

Esther relates what happened when they first started meditating..

    “ I felt the incredible sensation of being “breathed.” It was as if something powerful and loving was breathing the air into my lungs and then drawing the air back out again. I realize now that this was my first powerful contact with Abraham, but at that time, all I knew was that something more loving than anything I’d ever experienced before was flowing throughout my entire body. Jerry said that as he heard the difference in the sound of my breathing, he had looked around the étagère at me, and it appeared to him that I was in a state of ecstasy” [Page 13]

She went on to say

    “I’d never read anything that had given me any real understanding of what or who God was, but I knew that what I had experienced must surely be just that..” [Page 14]

After they had been meditating for about nine months

    “… right before Thanksgiving of 1985, during a period of meditation, I experienced something new: My head began moving very gently. It was a very pleasant sensation, in my state of detachment, to feel the sensation of that subtle movement. It was almost a feeling of flying.

    I didn’t really think anything of it, except that I knew I wasn’t doing it and that it was an extremely pleasant experience. My head moved like that for two or three days whenever we were meditating, and on the third day or so, I realized that my head wasn’t just meaninglessly moving around—I was actually spelling letters with my nose as if it were writing on a chalkboard. I exclaimed in amazement, “Jerry, I’m spelling the alphabet with my nose!” [Page 14]
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Esther and Jerry Hicks and Jane Roberts and Seth Speaks
Jane Roberts (1929–1984) was an American author, psychic and trance medium or spirit medium who claimed to have "channeled" a personality named Seth. The publication of the Seth texts established her as one of the pre-eminent figures in the world of paranormal phenomena.

    “In late 1963, Jane Roberts and her husband, Robert Butts (June 20, 1919 – May 26, 2008), experimented with a Ouija board as part of Roberts' research for a book on extra-sensory perception. According to Roberts and Butts, on December 2, 1963 they began to receive coherent messages from a male personality who eventually identified himself as Seth. Soon after, Roberts reported that she was hearing the messages in her head. She began to dictate the messages instead of using the Ouija board, and the board was eventually abandoned. For 21 years until Roberts' death in 1984 Roberts held regular sessions in which she went into a trance and purportedly spoke on behalf of the discarnate entity Seth. Butts served as stenographer, taking the messages down in homemade shorthand, although some sessions were recorded… Beginning with the 511th session in January, 1970, the Seth personality began to dictate his own books. Roberts claimed no authorship of these books beyond her role as medium; and according to Roberts and Butts, these "channelled" books were published verbatim with only minor editorial corrections. This series of "Seth books" eventually totaled ten volumes, although the last two books appear to be incomplete due to Roberts' illness” [Wikipedia]

The book Seth Speaks, first published in 1972 is “an essential guide to conscious living, presenting teachings channeled by Jane Roberts from Seth, an ‘energy personality essence’, no longer focused in physical form. It clearly and powerfully articulates the furthest reaches of human potential and presents the concept that we are independent of our physical image, and have access to intuitional knowledge and other dimensions of reality”. [Emphasis Added]

    "No methods will work if you are afraid of your own impulses, of the nature of your own being. Most of you understand that All That Is is within you; that ‘God’ is within creation, within physical matter, and that ‘He’ does not simply operate as some cosmic director on the outside of reality. [Seth Session 872 (8/8/79) Page 188. The God of Jane]

    “You are learning to be co-creators. You are learning to be gods as you understand the term.” [Seth, 1980]

As an aside… Apparently Eckhart Tolle’s message in A New Earth sounds very similar to Seth’s... to the point where readers claim that he basically simplifies Seth’s message that you create your reality and that we are multidimensional beings, making it easy for many to understand and apply to daily life. [Return to Index Or Return to Chart]

Wallace Wattles and Emma Curtis Hopkins
(1860 – 1911) writings writing have been widely popular in the New Thought and self-help movements.  Wattles practiced the technique of creative visualization and was a social visionary and began to expound upon what his daughter Florence called "the wonderful social message of Jesus."

Wattles was associated with the Chicago-based school of New Thought that centered around the teachings of Emma Curtis Hopkins. Through his personal study and experimentation he claimed to have discovered the truth of New Thought principles and put them into practice in his own life and wrote books outlining these principles. [Wikipedia]

The New Thought web site wwwhubs.com says the following about Wallace Wattles… [Emphasis Added]

    Later in his life he took to studying the various religious beliefs and philosophies of the world including those of Descartes, Spinoza, Leibnitz, Schopenhauer, Hegel, Swedenborg, Emerson, and others. It was through his tireless study and experimentation that he discovered the truth of New Thought principles and put them into practice in his own life. He began to write books outlining these principles. [18]

Quotes from “The Science of Getting Rich”

    “The men and women who practice my instructions will certainly get rich; and the riches they receive will be in exact proportion to the definiteness of their vision, the immovableness of their unchanging purpose, the steadiness of their faith, and the depth of their gratitude”.

    “There is a science of getting rich. It is an exact science, like algebra or arithmetic. There are certain laws which govern the process of acquiring riches. Once a person learns and obeys these laws, he will get rich with mathematical certainty” (Wallace D. Wattles, “The Science of Getting Rich”) [Return to Index Or Return to Chart]

Emma Curtis Hopkins: (1853-1925)
a student of Mary Baker Eddy and Christian Science,

In 1862, while suffering from an illness, Emma Curtis Hopkins visited Phineas Parkhurst Quimby who exerted a significant influence on her thinking regarding spiritual matters.  He was an unschooled Maine clockmaker and inventor who believed that he had rediscovered the lost healing methods of Jesus. Sometimes described as the founder of New Thought, Phineas Parkhurst Quimby died in 1866. New Thought did not formally organize until Hopkins brought together and focused the national movement in 1886-88 with a base in Chicago. She is often referred to as  "The mother of New Thought" and was a theologian, teacher, writer, feminist, mystic and prophet. Hopkins was also a student of the Christian Science of Mary Baker Eddy, who claimed to have found in the Christian Bible a science behind the healing miracles of Jesus which could be practiced by anyone. Hopkins would afterwards (see below) leave Christian Science to develop her own more eclectic form of metaphysical idealism, known later as New Thought. She felt much freer to make affinities with Theosophy and a wide variety of Eastern teachings.

    “Among her students were many who later became prominent teachers and leaders within the New Thought movement, including Charles and Myrtle Fillmore, founders of the Unity School of Christianity, H. Emilie Cady, author of the Unity textbook "Lessons in Truth," … and considerably later Ernest Holmes, founder of the Church of Religious Science.

    After an economic crisis wiped out Charles Fillmore's successful real estate business and his wife Myrtle became sick with tuberculosis, the Fillmores followed the recommendation of a friend and went to a lecture given by Dr. E. B. Weeks, a student of Emma Curtis Hopkins. As a result of this lecture, Myrtle was cured of her illness and the roots of the Unity School of Christianity were set. The Fillmores later went to study with Hopkins herself and continued to develop their religious movement wholeheartedly.

    Here's what Charles Fillmore had to say about her: "She is undoubtedly the most successful teacher in the world. In many instances those who enter her classes confirmed invalids come out at the end of the course perfectly well. Her very presence heals and those who listen are filled with new life. Never before on this planet have such words of burning Truth been so eloquently spoken through a women."

    This tribute was paid to her in Unity (1925): "Her brilliance of mind and spirit was so marked that very few could follow in her metaphysical flights, yet she had marked power in quickening spirituality in her students." [19]

Hopkins conceptualized the Trinity as three aspects of divinity, each playing a role in different historical epochs: God the Father, God the Son, and God the Mother-Spirit or Holy Comforter. Hopkins believed (as did Eddy, though not as parochially) that spiritual healing was the Second Coming of Christ into the world, and this was the hallmark of her early work. Hopkins also believed more specifically that the changing roles of women indicated their prominence in the Godhead, signaling a new epoch identified by the inclusion of the Mother aspect of God. [Wikipedia] [Return to Index Or Return to Chart]

Ernest Shurtleff Holmes, (1887-1960)
was the founder of a movement known as Religious Science, also known as "Science of Mind,

    “Science of MIND teaches that Man controls the course of his life ... by mental processes which function according to a Universal Law ...”

    “I believe that the Kingdom of Heaven is within me and that I experience this Kingdom to the degree that I become conscious of it. [What I Believe by Dr. Ernest Holmes. [20]

The United Church of Religious Science (now The United Centers for Spiritual Living) has a short summary of their history.

    “Science of Mind traces its foundations to Ernest Holmes and his text, "The Science of Mind." In that book - first published in 1926 and later revised in 1938 - Holmes correlated laws of science, opinions of philosophy, and revelations of religion. Holmes’ efforts were not to invent some new, secret methods of taping into the powers of the universe but, rather, to simply and clearly explain these laws and express their essence. Holmes took his inspirations and information from a variety of sources including (among many) Darwin, Emerson, Freud, and Mary Baker Eddy. No such approach to the subject had been taken before” [21]

The January 2008 Newsletter of the Spiritual Life Center, Las Vegas, (formerly known The First Church of Religious Science in Las Vegas) advertises a class on Exploring The Roots Of Science of Mind, part of which says

    “At the age of 18, Ernest Holmes read the essay Self Reliance by Ralph Waldo Emerson and a spark leaped into flame. Ernest’s brother Fenwicke later wrote: “It was at that moment that life really began for Ernest Holmes.” He had entered upon the spiritual exploration that was to fill the remainder of his life… and ultimately resulted in the “philosophy, faith and way of life” now known as the Science of Mind and Spirit” [22]

In their well-researched book The Seduction of Christianity, Dave Hunt and T. McMahon write: 

    "Ernest Holmes founded the Church of Religious Science, also known as Science of the Mind, upon the 'Supreme Secret' that the 'Masters of Wisdom' revealed to Napoleon Hill. It is closely related to the Positive Thinking of Norman Vincent Peale and the Possibility Thinking of Robert Schuller. ... In 1958 Holmes prophesied, 'We have launched a Movement which, in the next 100 years, will be the great new religious impulsion of modern times ... [destined] to envelop the world ... .'" (page 23). 

Anyone notice that he had that part right?

In The Science of Mind Ernest Holmes also said [Emphasis Added]

    No Ultimate Evil: One of the most illuminating things that mysticism has revealed, is that evil is not an ultimate reality. Evil is simply and experience of the soul on its journey toward Reality; it is not an entity but an experience necessary to self-unfoldment; it is not a thing of itself but simply a misuse of power. It will disappear when we stop looking at, or believing in it. We cannot stop believing in it as long as we indulge in it; so the mystic has always taught the race to turn from evil and do good.

      Ultimate Salvation Of All: The mystics have taught the ultimate salvation of all people and the immortality of every soul. Indeed, they have taught that immortality IS HERE AND NOW, IF WE WOULD BUT WAKE TO THE FACT. "Beloved, now are we the Sons of God."  Since each soul is some part of the Whole, it is impossible that any soul can be lost. "God is not the God of the dead, but of the living."  Damnation has been as foreign to the thought of the mystic as any belief in evil must be to the Mind of God. [23]

And where did Ernest Holmes get some of his influences from??

    “His metaphysical studies intensified, his quest for truth leading him to literature, art, science, philosophy, and religion, and in particular the Christian Science teachings of Mary Baker Eddy.

    After Ernest Holmes became acquainted with the writings of Emerson and Mary Baker Eddy, he soon was exploring the writings of Christian D. Larson, Ralph Waldo Trine, Horatio Dresser and Phineas Quimby. Holmes was particularly impressed with the New Thought writings of Larson and eventually abandoned the Christian Science textbook for Larson's works. [Ernest Holmes. (1887 - 1960) Founder of the Religious Science Movement. Source Emphasis Added] [Return to Index Or Return to Chart]

Mary Baker Eddy (1821-1910) Founder of Christian Science
We are told that

    Mary Baker Eddy, the Founder of the Christian Science movement, is widely recognized outside her Church as one of the most remarkable religious figures of modern times… became a patient of the New England healer Phineas Parkhurst Quimby, whose "medicine-free" healing techniques undoubtedly influenced her greatly. When she first visited Dr. Quimby in 1862 she was a virtual invalid, and with the good doctor's help her health quickly improved. The change was instantaneous. Her pain and weakness disappeared. A sense of comfort and well-being stepped into their place…. While under his care, off and on for several years, she became deeply interested in his theory of disease and its cure. She heard many of his essays read, and wrote many herself which she submitted to him for inspection and correction. She began to give some public lectures on his healing system in Warren, Maine.. [24]

In fact she seemed to have plagiarized Quimby’s work..

      “she left a manuscript known as "Extracts from P. P. Quimby's Writings," on which she based her teachings. In 1872, while teaching in Lynn, Mass., Mrs. Eddy claimed this manuscript as her own, and in this and other writings she gradually changed the terminology so that it bore less resemblance to Quimby's. In 1875 she published a book which she called "Science and Health,"* in which was set forth a philosophy of healing of which she claimed to be the discoverer”.

Interestingly the article goes on to say [Emphasis Added]

      Whilst Christian Scientists may claim that the healing method employed by Mrs. Eddy was unique to her, any objective student will realise that there really is no essential difference between the methods taught and practised by Quimby and his later followers and those adopted by Mrs. Eddy. The basis is exactly the same, i.e. firstly the removal of fear from the patient, which Quimby accomplished by quietly explaining the mental causes of their malady to them, and then the replacing of this fear with faith, conviction, and firm expectation that they are healed.

Sound familiar???

However [All Emphasis Added]

    ‘Quimby’s son and defender said categorically, “The religion which [Mrs. Eddy] teaches certainly is hers, for which I cannot be too thankful; for I should be loath to go down to my grave feeling that my father was in any way connected with ‘Christian Science.’...In [Quimby’s method of] curing the sick, religion played no part. There were no prayers, there was no asking assistance from God or any other divinity. He cured by his wisdom”’ [25]

    "Christian Science is a religious teaching and only incidentally a healing method. Quimbyism was a healing method and only incidentally a religious teaching. If one examines the religious implications or aspects of Quimby’s thought, it is clear that in these terms it has nothing whatever in common with Christian Science” [26]

    “[Julius] Dresser sees the healing power [of Quimby] as a kind of clairvoyance, an ability to enter into the sick person’s mind and read his or her thoughts; Dresser makes no suggestion that this type of healing involves tapping into a divine strength, as Mrs. Eddy would later claim for her Christian Science” [27].

    “That which connected her [Eddy] with Quimby was her conviction that all disease in the last analysis has its roots in the mind, and that healing therefore must be effected through mental influence. But it was her earnest Puritan faith in God that separated her from Quimby from the beginning.” [28]
    [See More on
    Christian Science]  [Return to Index Or Return to Chart]

Ralph Waldo Emerson (1803 –1882)
Was known as a Transcendentalist. So What is Transcendentalism?

The site transcendentalists.com carries an article by Jone Johnson Lewis which says, The Transcendentalists (most of whom became involved in social reform movements) …

     …believed, it was time for literary independence. And so they deliberately went about creating literature, essays, novels, philosophy, poetry, and other writing that were clearly different from anything from England, France, Germany, or any other European nation… a generation of people struggling to define spirituality and religion (our words, not necessarily theirs) in a way that took into account the new understandings their age made available….

    Added to all this, the scriptures of non-Western cultures were discovered in the West, translated, and published so that they were more widely available. The Harvard-educated Emerson and others began to read Hindu and Buddhist scriptures, and examine their own religious assumptions against these scriptures. In their perspective, a loving God would not have led so much of humanity astray; there must be truth in these scriptures, too. Truth, if it agreed with an individual's intuition of truth, must be indeed truth. And so Transcendentalism was born. [30]

A short biographical sketch of Ralph Waldo Emerson, by Joel Porte includes the following..[Emphasis Added]

    The great forerunner to the New Thought Movement, or the man who did more than any other thinker of our time to prepare the popular mind to accept the new practical idealism and gospel of optimism, was Ralph Waldo Emerson. He was the pioneer New World diffuser of metaphysical and transcendental thought and Oriental philosophy; and this great movement, along certain lines, is largely a concrete and practical application of his metaphysical generalizations and unfailing optimism. Indeed, it would be impossible to overestimate the broadening and illuminating influence on American thought exerted by Emerson. By nature a poet and spiritual philosopher, this one-time Unitarian clergyman had made an exhaustive study of Christian theological thought.

    … The German transcendental philosophy held special charm for Emerson, and from it he turned to Plato, the greatest of all metaphysical philosophers of olden times. Plato became his Bible for a time and was ever one of his chief sources of inspiration. But another rich mine of speculative philosophy awaited him. When the "Bhagavad Gita" fell into his hands he experienced far greater pleasure than is known to the gold seeker, who suddenly after long and weary searching, comes upon a rich lode. The "Bhagavad Gita" appealed to Emerson with compelling power. In Emerson's writings the metaphysical thought of India, Greece, and modern transcendentalism were fused”. [31] [Return to Index Or Return to Chart]

Phineas Parkhurst Quimby (1802-1866)
I have devoted a fair amount of space to the man that phineasquimby.wwwhubs.com says should be “… credited as the overall intellectual father of New Thought”, since so many of the beliefs we see in the church (and without) owe their being either directly or indirectly to Quimby. While there were other origins, Quimby’s role was indisputable.. Quimby developed his idea on “mental healing” into a dualistic mind over matter formula. Quimby believed that it was possible to cure most ailments and ensure health by cultivating positive thoughts and verbal suggestions.

    “Phineas Parkhurst Quimby, who was known as "Park," was born on February 16, 1802, in Lebanon, New Hampshire. He was apprenticed as a clockmaker and had little traditional education. Several important elements of his life led to the development of his ideas of mental healing.

    The first important milestone was when Quimby developed tuberculosis but became disillusioned with the method of treatment prescribed by his physician and gave up hope of recovery… In 1838, Quimby began studying Mesmerism after attending a lecture by Doctor Collyer and soon began further experimentation with the help of Lucius Burkmar, who could fall into a trance and diagnose illnesses. Quimby again saw the mental and placebo effect of the mind over the body when medicines prescribed by Burkmar, with no physical value, cured patients of diseases. From the conclusions of these studies, Phineas Quimby developed theories of mentally aided healing and opened an office in Portland, Maine in 1859. Among the students and patients who joined his studies and helped him to commit his teachings to writing were Warren Felt Evans, Annetta Seabury Dresser and Julius Dresser, the founders of New Thought as a named movement, and Mary Baker Eddy, the founder of the Christian Science movement. [32]

In writings by George A. Quimby, son of Phineas Parkhurst Quimby (The original article appeared in The New England Magazine, Volume 6, Issue 33, March 1888). [All Emphasis Added]

Although Quimby believed “disease was an error of the mind, and not a real thing”

    “..he always insisted that he possessed no "power" nor healing properties different from any one else, and that his manipulations conferred no beneficial effect upon his patient, although it was often the case that the patient himself thought they did. On the contrary, Mr. Quimby always denied emphatically that he used any mesmeric or mediumistic power.

    He was always in his normal condition when engaged with his patient. He never went into any trance, and was a strong disbeliever in Spiritualism, as understood by that name. He claimed, and firmly held, that his only power consisted in his wisdom, and in his understanding the patient's case and being able to explain away the error and establish the truth, or health, in its place…

    …Mr. Quimby, although not belonging to any church or sect, had a deeply religious nature, holding firmly to God as the first cause, and fully believing in immortality and progression after death, though entertaining entirely original conceptions of what death is. He believed that Jesus' mission was to the sick, and that he performed His cures in a scientific manner, and perfectly understood how He did them. Mr. Quimby was a great reader of the Bible, but put a construction upon it thoroughly in harmony with his train of thought. [33]

He believed “profoundly in the indwelling presence of God as love and wisdom” as Chapter 1 of The Quimby Manuscripts by Horatio W. Dresser tells us.. [All Emphasis Added]

    “Not finding spiritual wisdom, he was inclined to be sceptical, and later spent much time setting his patients free from religious beliefs. George Quimby tells us emphatically that his father was not religious in the sense in which one might understand the term religion as applied to organizations, churches and authorized text-books”.

    “he took his starting-point in religious matters from the state in which he found his patients. He found many of them victims of what we now call the old theology. The priests and ministers of that theology were to him blind guides. Hence, as he tells us, he made war on all religious opinions and on all priestcraft. Jesus was to him a reformer who had overcome all his religion before beginning to establish "the Truth or Christ." Quimby was very radical in opposing doctrinal conceptions of Christ. He uniformly called Jesus "a man like ourselves," that he might win for the Master new recognition as the founder of spiritual science. To him "the Science of the Christ" was greater than a religion” [34]

And from A History of the New Thought Movement by Horatio W. Dresser, Publisher: Thomas Y Crowell, New York, N.Y. 1919.

    Fortunately, his mind was not encumbered by doctrines which had first to be outgrown, save that he had shared the conventional beliefs of his day in medical practice and was at least a believer in a general way in the Bible. His real study of the Bible began with the conclusion that the way which life had led him was the way described in the New Testament, hence that he had rediscovered the method of healing by which Jesus wrought, not his "miracles," but his highly intelligible works of healing. His work with the sick seemed to him to imply a spiritual science, a "science of life and happiness," as he called it. This science he found implicit in the teachings of Christ. The Bible thus became doubly true for him, because of his former belief in God, now transfigured in the light of his discoveries; and because his insight into the nature and meaning of life had made plain the way to the spiritual interpretation of the Scriptures. [35

And finally from a brochure written for the Belfast Historical Society and Museum, Belfast, Maine by Ron Hughes, 2004. [All Emphasis Added]

    “Two brothers, Henry and Lucius Burkmar were particularly receptive to Quimby's mesmeric influence… These early experiments with Lucius Burkmar provided Quimby with an open window to the mind.  While in the mesmeric sleep, Lucius could clairvoyantly travel through time and space, see objects at a distance, read other minds, and diagnose and prescribe simple herbal remedies for treating diseases.  It was through working with Lucius that Quimby learned of the limitations of mesmerism and could see a deeper spiritual science at work..” [36]
    Return to Index Or Return to Chart]

Essek William Kenyon (1867-1948)
The spiritual mentor of today’s Word-Faith teachers is Essek W. Kenyon, a man who was greatly influenced by the metaphysical mind science cults such as Christian Science, Unity School of Christianity, and Church of Religious Science and who apparently received his theological training from the Emerson School of Oratory in Boston, Mass. The founder of that institution, Charles Wesley Emerson [Below], is on record as being a member of the Mother Church of Christian Science from 1903 to 1908. [See Mary Baker Eddy, founder of Christian Science on this page] As Christian Science is nothing more than Gnosticism in modern garb, it is fairly certain that Kenyon was further influenced by Gnostic ideas during this training. After leaving the school - it is not clear from records whether or not he graduated - Kenyon settled in Seattle, Wash., where he was pastor of the New Covenant Baptist Church and broadcast a radio program, “Church of the Air,” until his death in 1948. Kenyon’s Gospel Publishing Society published materials from his writings and broadcasts (read The Born-Again Jesus of the Word-Faith Teaching, p.25-26.) It is from these publications that most of the presumptions of the Word-Faith teachings are drawn but most adherents believe they originated from Kenneth E. “Dad” Hagin. However, the truth is that Hagin blatantly and unashamedly plagiarised his doctrines from Kenyon and his daughter, Ruth Kenyon Houseworth, stills seeks fair recognition of this fact [37].

There is some controversy surrounding the teachings and beliefs of Kenyon with the center of the storm being Kenyon's attendance at Emerson College. Defenders of E.W. Kenyon claim that “he chose Emerson because of its reputation as one of the premier schools in the country for training in elocution, oratory, and dramatic art” and that “that this was before New Thought had heavily impacted the school”.

Other researchers indicate that Kenyon drew influence from both the Higher Life movement [a movement devoted to Christian holiness] of the late 1800s AND the cult of New Thought and that “Kenyon may have been unaware of the degree of similarity between both systems”. Regardless…

    Though Kenyon claimed to be opposed to the New Thought cults and though he claimed to derive his teaching strictly from the Bible, there is no question that he incorporated many New Thought ideas into his doctrine. Like New Thought, Kenyon taught that the spiritual is the cause of all physical effects and that positive confession has the power to create its own reality. He believed that healing and other ongoing miracles are necessary to demonstrate the reality of Christianity. He considered his writings "to be a wonderful new interpretation of the Scriptures, a 'new type of Christianity,' which would bring healing and prosperity to all who possessed his revelation knowledge of the Bible" (McConnell, p. 50). [38]

In the book, In His Presence, Kenyon writes that:

     "I am convinced that intelligent children of the Lord could walk in the same life and power and divine liberty as Jesus walked, if they understood their privileges." [39] [Return to Index Or Return to Chart]

Charles Wesley Emerson (1837 - 1908)…
…a Unitarian minister is said to be distantly related to Ralph Waldo Emerson, who was also a Unitarian minister. According to K.D. Hartman II of the Jude project

    “In 1879, this still active Unitarian minister founded Emerson College of Oratory, which later became simply Emerson College. Under Charles Emerson’s leadership the school quickly became a hotbed for Unitarian and New Thought practitioners. This environment was incubated by the faculty at Emerson, who routinely pushed what they believed to be the “true gospel” within the classroom setting. This “gospel” was not the one found within the New Testament but instead it was a New Thought gospel. It must be stated that, “Whether Dr. Emerson taught New Thought is not subject to question. It is clear that he did” … Charles Emerson is on record as being a member of the Mother Church of Christian Science from 1903 to 1908.

    By the time Kenyon had enrolled at Emerson, its founder Charles Emerson could no longer be simply identified as a Unitarian. Instead, “his religion was a veritable smorgasbord of the sources underlying New Thought metaphysics: Platonism, Swedenborgianism, Unitarianism, and Emersonian Transcendentalism.” Further, a lecturer at Emerson College Charles Mallory stated of the school that, “All people should come here…This is a school where the philosophy of life is taught. It ought to be called The First Church of Emerson.” This is, in and of itself, a very telling statement. For as it has been shown previously, the “philosophy of life” being taught at this “church” was nothing more than New Thought metaphysics. The simple fact that Kenyon attended a college whose leader followed New Thought philosophy, and openly taught these principles to his students should raise red flags in the minds of his followers. As D.R. McConnell has observed, “Kenyon did not merely attend a school of oratory at Emerson College, but a school in which both faculty and student body were heavily involved with the metaphysical cults.” [40] [Return to Index Or Return to Chart]

Kenneth E. Hagin (1917-2003).
The man most people first recognize as the originator of the word of Faith movement is without a doubt, Kenneth E. Hagin. In fact, almost every leader in the Faith movement directly traces their primary influence back to Kenneth Hagin. “Dad,” as he is affectionately called by Faith leaders.

    Despite Hagin’s insistence that his theology came from divine imparting and exceptional knowledge of Scripture, it has been shown at great length by various researchers that “Dad’s” teachings are far more human in origin. One of those who has documented this human origin is D.R. McConnell. In McConnell’s book A Different Gospel, the case is made that Hagin has extensively plagiarized the writings and doctrines of E.W. Kenyon. [48] While Hagin did eventually admit that there was uncanny resemblance between the two men’s writings (even to the point of using the same title and text almost word for word), Hagin denied that he plagiarized Kenyon in the least. Instead, Hagin suggests that they were, “using different words to express…the same truth.” This excuse is unlikely however, simply because more often than not, they use the same words to express the same “truth”!

    Hagin’s legacy has been secured through the success of the Rhema Bible Training Center (Formerly Rhema Correspondence Bible School). According to Rhema’s official website they now have over 23,000 alumni worldwide as well as having established training centers in 13 countries.  Further, the Faith movement now has a score of leaders who vie for Hagin’s role as the elder of the movement. With the help of Trinity Broadcasting Network (TBN), founded by Hagin supporters Paul (1934-) and Jan (1937-) Crouch, a handful of faces have emerged as the icons of the Faith movement This new cast of characters has elevated the mainstream acceptance of Faith theology to a height that Hagin and Kenyon could not have dreamed. [40] [Return to Index Or Return to Chart]

Thomas Troward (1847-1916)
was an early teacher of Mental Science.. he was already a student of the Koran, Hindu scriptures and books of Raja Yoga when he was introduced to the "Higher Thought Center" of London. His writing is said to be “a combination of intuitive oriental mysticism filtered into a Western pedantic writing style” .

    “Thomas Troward is considered foundational to an understanding of New Thought and in fact he has been called the Father of New Thought in Great Britain just as Phineas Parkhurst Quimby is called the Father of New Thought in the United States. Regardless of Troward's place in history, there can be absolutely no doubt that his writings played a significant and formative role in New Thought as it was unfolding in his day. In fact, his work provided the theoretical basis for Dr. Ernest Holmes' Science of Mind and Spirit and Holmes' first classes were an exposition of Troward's writings.

    Thomas Troward was Her Majesty's Assistant Commissioner and later Divisional Judge of the North Indian Punjab from 1869 until his retirement in 1896. It is this later period for which he is best remembered and most celebrated; in it he was at last able to devote himself to his great interest in metaphysical and esoteric studies.

    He returned to England in 1902, at the age of 55, intending to devote himself to his painting, as well as writing. He had already thoroughly digested all of the sacred books of the oriental religions and they had certainly influenced his spiritual ideas. It is said that at one time a vision came to him about the development of a system of philosophy that gave peace of mind and the practical results of physical health and happiness to the individual… His writing is a combination of intuitive oriental mysticism filtered into a Western pedantic writing style”. [41] Read Article]

Troward was a major influence on the works of Emmett Fox [Return to Index Or Return to Chart]

Dr. Emmet Fox (1886 - 1951)…
Pastor of The Church of the Healing Christ in New York city ( The First Church of Divine Science) and ordained a Divine Science Minister by Dr. Nona Brooks, talked extensively about “God” and often quoted Scripture, which he twisted to suit his own ends. Whatever god he was referring to was certainly not the same God as that of the Bible, which he called “a book about Metaphysics”, and of which he asked the questions

    “What did Jesus teach? What did he really wish us to believe and to do? What were the objects that he really had at heart?”

And which he answers on Page 3 of The Sermon on the Mount [Emphasis Added]

    “The first thing that we have to realize is a fact of fundamental importance, because it means breaking away from all the ordinary prepossessions of orthodoxy. The plain fact is Jesus taught no theology whatever. His teaching in entirely spiritual and metaphysical. Historical Christianity, unfortunately, has largely concerned itself with theological and doctrinal questions,, which, strange to say, has no part whatsoever in the Gospel teaching. It will startle many good people to learn that all the doctrines and theologies of the churches are human inventions built up by their authorities out of their own mentalities and foisted upon the Bible from outside; but such is the case.” The Plan of Salvation which figures so prominently in the evangelical sermons and divinity books of a past generation is as completely unknown to the Bible as it is to the Koran…”

The Emmet Fox web site tells us that he was a… [Emphasis Added]

    “Minister, Author, Teacher, Healer and Mystic.. Emmet Fox, probably more than any other New Thought leader has influenced more people simple because, in his day he attracted wider audiences than anyone else for longer periods of time.  To this day, Emmet Fox is read more widely and is understood more clearly than any other New Thought writer… brought new meaning to millions of people around the globe with his golden keys of health, inner peace and success… Over six hundred thousand copies of his book "Sermon on the Mount" have been distributed and are still popular today.   It is in this remarkable book that he reveals a source of universal power that is rightly yours.

    Over one half million copies of "Power Through Constructive Thinking" are in circulation.  It can be conservatively estimated, that the books and pamphlets he has written have come into the hands of tens of millions of people”.  [42]

 Fox is quoted talking about a “mystic power”, he says

    “...there exists a mystic power that is able to transform your life so thoroughly… can pick you up today, now, from the midst of failure, ruin, misery, despair – and in the twinkling of an eye, as Paul said, solve your problems, smooth out your difficulties, cut you free from any entanglements, and place you clear, safe, and happy upon the highroad of freedom and opportunity… It can lift you out of an invalid’s bed, make you sound and well once more… This mystic Power can teach you all things that you need to know, if only you are receptive and teachable. It can inspire you with new thoughts and ideas, so that your work may be truly original. It can impart new and wonderful kinds of knowledge as soon as you really want such knowledge – glorious knowledge – strange things not taught in schools or written in books.

He goes on to tell us that this power

    “… is to be found within your own consciousness, the last place that most people would look for it. Right within your own mentality there lies a source of energy stronger than electricity, more potent than high explosive; unlimited and inexhaustible. You only need to make conscious contact with this Power to set it working in your affairs; and all the marvelous results enumerated can be yours. This is the real meaning of such sayings in the Bible as "The Kingdom of God is within you"; and "Seek ye first the Kingdom of God, and all the rest shall be added."” [43]

He also makes a few very true statements on prosperity then

    “Scientific prayer or spiritual treatment is really the lifting of your consciousness above the level where you have met your problem. If only you can rise high enough in thought, the problem will the solve itself. This is really the only problem you have - to raise in consciousness”.   [Read Article]
     [Return to Index Or Return to Chart]

Agnes Sanford (1897-1982)
Perhaps the woman who has had the most adverse influence on modern Christianity was the daughter of Presbyterian missionaries to China, Agnes Sanford.

Sanford's preference for the experiential led her into worshiping in a Buddhist temple (which she conjectures resulted in her own demonization); teaching occult visualization; promoting Jungian psychotherapy; believing that Jesus became a part of the collective unconscious of the human race; characterizing God as a "Force"; seeing the makeup of the world in terms of thought vibrations; and claiming that through visualization we can create virtue in people, forgive them of their sins, and heal them, all from a distance and without their knowledge. In Sanford's The Healing Light, she explains to a non-Christian mother how visualization in the name of Jesus can help her transform her troublesome youngster into the child she wants her to be.

    In The Healing Light, she presents a false "God" who is the "life-force" in everyone and in everything. It is a form of "energy" like electricity: "the original force that we call God (p 30)....we are part of God (p 34)....He's in nature, and He is nature (p 35)....I was conscious of oneness with God, and therefore with the snake which God had made" (p 69). Her pantheism is clear.

    On pages 21-22 she gives four steps for tapping into this "God-force," the second being "...to turn it on...we can simply say, "'Whoever you are—whatever you are—come into me now!'" To support her Science of Mind, she quotes a scientist: "a vibration of very, very high intensity and an extremely fine wavelength, with tremendous healing power, caused by spiritual forces operating through the mind of man, is the next thing science expects to discover" (p 32). She goes on: "The love-vibrations and the faith vibrations of God and His saints [she includes dead "saints"—"there is no death" (p 143)] enter through our thoughts of life and love. In the same way, the destructive thought-vibrations of mankind, and of 'Satan' [whoever or whatever 'Satan' may be; her metaphysical system requires no personal devil] enter through our thoughts of illness, hate and death" (p 43-44).

    She taught that everything is a matter of thought-vibrations. We can be made ill by negative vibrations, can heal ourselves and others through positive vibrations and can even forgive the sins of others and turn them into Christians in this way. She writes, "...project into the burglar's mind the love of God, by seeing him as a child of God and asking God to bless him [p 60].

Richard Foster, John and Paula Sandford, Morton Kelsey, Francis MacNutt, Ruth Carter Stapleton, Leanne Payne, Karen Mains, Rita Bennett and David Seamonds. Agnes single handedly began the Inner Healing movement, with its terribly destructive healing-of-memories techniques. This not only became a chief therapy of many Christian psychologists but was highly promoted by the Vineyard Fellowships, initially by Kenn Gulliksen, the movement's founder, and later by John Wimber, who recommended the writings of Sanford and her inner-healing disciples. Most recently, many churches of the Foursquare denomination, founded by "pastor" Aimee Semple McPherson, have been fostering Sanford's unbiblical methods through Cleansing Stream. [More on Agnes Sanford and Inner Healing]

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Emanuel Swedenborg 1688-1772
Emanuel Swedenborg was a Swedish scientist, philosopher, Christian mystic, and theologian, who at the age of fifty-six entered into a spiritual phase in which he experienced dreams and visions. This culminated in a spiritual awakening, where he claimed he was appointed by the Lord to write a heavenly doctrine to reform Christianity. He claimed that the Lord had opened his eyes, so that from then on he could freely visit heaven and hell, and talk with angels, demons, and other spirits. For the remaining 28 years of his life, he wrote and published 18 theological works, of which the best known was Heaven and Hell (1758), and several unpublished theological works. However he also warned

    "When spirits begin to speak with a man, he must beware lest he believe them in anything; for they say almost anything; things are fabricated by them, and they lie;  ... they would tell so many lies and indeed with solemn affirmation that a man would be astonished...if a man listens and believes they press on, and deceive, and seduce in divers ways… They induce so strong a persuasion that it is the Lord Himself who speaks and who commands, that man cannot but believe and obey" [The Spiritual Diary of Emanuel Swedenborg. Published by J. Speirs, 1883. Pgs 19-20]

As the story goes In April 1745, Swedenborg was dining in a private room at a tavern in London. By the end of the meal, a darkness fell upon his eyes, and the room shifted character. Suddenly he saw a person sitting at a corner of the room, telling Swedenborg: "Do not eat too much!". Swedenborg, scared, hurried home. Later that night, the same man appeared in his dreams. The man told Swedenborg that He was the Lord, that He had appointed Swedenborg to reveal the spiritual meaning of the Bible, and that He would guide Swedenborg in what to write. The same night, the spiritual world was opened to Swedenborg.[

In June 1747, Swedenborg resigned his post as assessor of the board of mines. He explained that he was obliged to complete a work he had begun, and requested to receive half his salary as a pension.[29] He took up afresh his study of Hebrew and began to work on the spiritual interpretation of the Bible with the goal of interpreting the spiritual meaning of every verse. From sometime between 1746 and 1747, and for ten years henceforth, he devoted his energy to this task. This work, usually abbreviated as Arcana Cœlestia ("Heavenly Secrets"), was to become his magnum opus, and the basis of his further theological works.[30]

    Swedenborg considered his theology a revelation of the true Christian religion that had become obfuscated through centuries of theology. However, he did not refer to his writings as theology since he considered it based on actual experiences, unlike theology

    The foundation of Swedenborg's theology was laid down in Arcana Cœlestia, or Heavenly Secrets, published in eight volumes from 1749 to 1756. In a significant portion of that work, he interprets Biblical passages. Most of all, he was convinced of how the Bible described a human's transformation from a materialistic to a spiritual being. He begins his work by outlining how the creation myth was not an account of the creation of Earth, but an account of man's rebirth in six steps. Everything related to mankind could also be related to Jesus Christ, and how Christ freed himself from materialistic boundaries.

Ralph Waldo Emerson, an enthusiastic supporter of Swedenborg wrote, in 1850,

    “After Dante, Shakespeare and Milton there came no grand poet until Swedenborg sung the wonders of man's hearts in strange prose poems which he called Heaven and Hell, the Apocalypse Revealed, the Doctrine of Marriage, Celestial Secrets and so on…” [44] [Return to Index Or Return to Chart]

End Notes
[1] www.ericbutterworth.com/html/eric_bio.html

[2] ericbutterworth.wwwhubs.com/

[3] www.unitynorthchurch.org/bookstore/discover.html

[4] www.watchman.org/reltop/peale.htm

[5] www.erwm.com/deceived_on_purpose.htm

[6] www.crystalcathedral.org/teaching/help_for_you/detail.php?id=2117

[7] A Course in Miracles: Glossed Hinduism For The Masses. Christian Research Institute. Emphasis Added

[8] Robert H. Schuller,  Page 1 and 22.. Success Through A Positive Mental Attitude by Napoleon Hill and W. Clement Stone

[9] www.suntimes.com/business/savage/30935,cst-fin-terry-133.savagearticle

[10] www.successcentre.com.au/authors/authors.cfm?authorID=860

[11] L.A. Times. Clement Stone, 100; Self-Made Millionaire, Philanthropist. By Dennis Mclellan. September 05, 2002. articles.latimes.com/2002/sep/05/local/me-stone5

[12] The Last Interview with Financial Industry Legend: W. Clement Stone. The Register. Vol. 7 No. 8.  August 2006. Official IARFC Publication.[International Association of Registered Financial Consultants. www.financialsoftware.com/afforgs/documents/Vol7Issue8_000.pdf

[13] www.canfieldcoaching.com/the_secret_law_of_attraction.html

[14] www.shareguide.com/Canfield4.html

[15] The Making of The Secret. www.thesecret.tv/behind-the-secret-making-of.html

[16] www.abraham-hicks.com/lawofattractionsource/index.php

[17] www.money-health-relationships.com/abraham-hicks.html

[18] wallacewattles.wwwhubs.com/

[19] http://emmacurtishopkins.wwwhubs.com

[20] www.religiousscience.org/sanrafael/BELIEF.HT

[21] www.slclv.org/scienceofmind.html

[22] www.slclv.org/PDF/Newsletter/Jan08.pdf

[23] The Science of Mind, by Ernest Shurtleff Holmes Lesson Five: Introduction.

[24] http://marybakereddy.wwwhubs.com

[25] Dresser, Horatio W., ed. The Quimby Manuscripts. New York: Thomas Y. Crowell Company Publishers, 1921. - p436

[26] Gottschalk, Stephen. The Emergence of Christian Science in American Religious Life. Berkeley: University of California Press, 1973 - p130

[27] Gill, Gillian. Mary Baker Eddy. Cambridge, Mass.: Perseus Books, 1998 - p159

[28] Karl Holl, German Historian

[29] www.transcendentalists.com/what.htm

[30] http://www.transcendentalists.com/what.htm

[31] A short biographical sketch of Ralph Waldo Emerson, by Joel Porte. ralphwaldoemerson.wwwhubs.com

[32] phineasquimby.wwwhubs.com/

[33] http://www.ppquimby.com/gquimby/biography.htm

[34] www.ppquimby.com/hdresser/chapt1.htm

[35] www.ppquimby.com/online.htm

[36] www.ppquimby.com/ron/brochure.htm

[37] A Different Gospel, D.R. McConnell, pub. Hendrickson, 1995, p.4-6

[38] http://op.50megs.com/ditc/strange2.htm

[39] http://christforasecularsociety.blogspot.com/2007/12/black-american-positive-confession.html

[40] The Word Of Faith Movement: History And Leaders

[41] http://www.spiritualenlightenment.org/troward.htm

[42] http://emmetfox.net/ABOUT%20EMMET%20FOX.htm

[43] http://emmetfox.wwwhubs.com/foxspks.htm

[44] Emerson on Swedenborg. first published by Ralph Waldo Emerson, in 1850. Published by The Swedenborg Society, 2003. Pg.6-7


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