Section 11... Cults


003white   Index To Section 11  Cults


Lesser Known Cults

Most of this list is from ‘Encyclopedia of Cults and New Religions’ by John Ankerberg and John Weldon. (Harvest House Publishers).

For a More Complete Listing See
Watchman Fellowship’s 2001 Index of Cults and Religions


Anthroposophy (Rudolf Steiner). "[Jesus] ... must be designated in the truest sense of the word as a 'mere man." 2

Association for Research and Enlightenment (Edgar Cayce). "He [Jesus] is an example for man, and only as a man, for He lived only as a man, He died as man.” 3

Astara (Earlyne Chaney). Jesus is "the Master Mystic of all time" who realized the Christ, a state of higher consciousness. Jesus is not the Savior from sin and only incarnation of God. 4

The Baha'i Faith (The Bab; Baha'u'llah). "Jesus was not the only-begotten Son of God come down from Heaven, crucified and resurrected, nor the unique Saviour." 5

The Christadelphians (John Thomas). "Jesus Christ did not exist as a person from eternity as one of the triune Godhead .... He did not actually come into being until He was begotten of the Holy Spirit and born in Bedilehem."6

Christian Science (Mary Baker Eddy). "Jesus Christ is not God, as Jesus Himself declared, but is the Son of God.” 7

The Christian Spiritual Alliance (Roy Eugene Davis).   “Jesus was not the only be- gotten." 8

Church of the New Jerusalem (Emanuel Swedenborg). "This [belief in the Trinity] is the source and only source from which have sprung monstrous heresies concerning God ... [and] introduced into the church ... death as well." 9

Church Universal and Triumphant (Elizabeth Claire Prophet). "God the Father did not require the sacrifice of His son Christ Jesus or of any other incarnation of the Christ, as atonement for the sins of the world." 10

The Divine Life Society/Integral Yoga Institute (Sivananda, Satchidananda). "Remember that, Christ is not a person. Ifs an experience-Christhood. Like Nirvana or Buddha. Ifs an experience." 11

Divine Science (Nona Brooks). "Someone has said that the greatest discovery of the nineteenth century was Jesus Christ. He was rediscovered and rescued from the superstitious misconceptions regarding him, in which he was thought of as a superman of extraordinary powers which were and ever would be beyond the rank and Me of the race." 12

Eckankar (Paul Twitchell). ". . do not put Him [Jesus] in a special category, for all saviours and prophets who came to earth to help mankind did their part and passed on to the glory of the heavenly kingdom." 13

The Foundation of Human Understanding (Roy Masters). "You must not have any concepts of what Christ is like or God is like. It all must be an inward revelation process." 14

The Free Communion Church (Da Free John). "The conventional cultic and exoteric interpretation of the life and person of Jesus considers him to be an exclusive manifestation of God, representing a history, a way of life, and a destiny that no one else can enjoy or duplicate . ... Such was absolutely not the point of view of Jesus himself." 15

The Gurdjieff Foundation (Gurdjieff). "[In a conversation] Gurdjieff said: 'I hate your Jesus, poor Jewish boy'  ‘the emphasis being on 'your.'" 16

The Hanuman Foundation (Ram Dass). "I have a relative [a brother] who is in a mental hospital. He thinks he is Christ. Well, that's groovy. I am Christ also ... as far as I'm concerned we are all God." 17

The Himalayan Institute (Swami Rama). "The Christ is your Soul and you should learn to see Him in all beings." 18

The Holy Order of Mans (Paul Blighton). "The Master Jesus never made any claims for himself... [He] was a man, and through discipline and striving became receptive enough for the Christ force to enter and change him." 19

Integral Yoga (Sri Aurobindo). "If Jesus re- turned today, He would not recognize in Christianity what He Himself taught" 20

International Society for Krishna Conscious- ness (A. C. Bhaktivedanta Prabhupada). "Christ's claim to be the only son of God is often misunderstood .... When Jesus Christ taught His doctrine in the Middle East@ he appeared to be God's only son, or pure devotee.... [But] why should God have only one son? ... God can have billions and trillions of sons and ... each and every one can be His 'only' son." 21

Jehovah's Witnesses (Charles Taze Russell). "The incarnation is scripturally erroneous. In- deed, if he (Christ) had been an incarnate being, he could never have redeemed mankind.” 22

The Local Church (Witness Lee). "He has God's nature, and we also have God's nature. He is no longer God's only begotten Son: now by His resurrection He has become God's firstborn Son (Romans 8:29) and we are the many sons of God (Hebrews 2:10)." 23

Love Family/The Children of God (David Berg). "[There is] no reason why He [Jesus] shouldn't enjoy the sexual fellowship of Mary and Martha! AND HE DID BECAUSE I SAW MARY MAKING LOVE TO HIM in a Vision.” 24

Lucis Trust (Alice Bailey). “The Incarnation, which is for popular Christianity synonymous with the historical birth and earthly life of Christ, is for the mystic not only this but also a perpetual cosmic and personal process." 25

The Masonic Lodge. A former Mason reports, "Freemasonry 'carefully excludes' the Lord Jesus Christ from the lodge and chapter, repudiates His mediatorship, rejects His atonement, denies and disowns His Gospel, frowns upon His religion and His church, ignores the Holy Spirit…” 26

Mighty I AM (Guy Ballard, pen name Godfre Ray King). "I [Jesus] wish it distinctly understood by all who may receive this or ever contact it, that I am not and never was a Special Being created of God different from the rest of humanity!” 27      [Alleged revelation from Jesus.]

New Thought. "We revere Jesus the man ... as one who exemplified ... the great Principle of perfection and wholeness. Jesus was a Way- Shower-the Savior-in the sense that He drew us out of our limitations." 29

Nichiren Shoshu Buddhism (Daisaku Ikeda). "The doctrines of the divinity and the resurrection of Christ are outside the province of rational thought ... Christians are schizophrenic." 30

Living Enrichment Center / New Thought Christian Church. (Mary Manin Morrissey) “Now it is very likely that because God is God, he belongs to everybody. For Hindus he is Raum. For Christians he is called God. For Sufis he is Allah. For Zoroastrians, he is Zarathustra. Everyone calls Him by a different name.” But God is one, and God is present. One Presence, One Power. God. (Articles of faith.. First Belief)

... you know it’s okay to think that your path will get you there if you found that it works for you, wonderful. Take it. Take it. But honor the paths of the others, and when you find that, when you touch that God, that Presence, you will find it is so real that you can go into a mosque and be with the Moslems, who are devoting in one of their five times prayer, leaning east to Mecca, and you will find God. And you will go into a temple, and be with your Jewish brothers and sisters, and you will find God. And you will go into a Hindu temple, or a Buddhist temple, or you will go with your American brothers or sisters, American Indian brothers and sisters, or whatever, whatever form where love is real and you will find God, always. It doesn’t matter the path; it matters the experience. (Articles of faith. Third Belief)

Radhasoami/Radhaswami/Radha Soami (Charan Singh; Sawan Singh Ji). "Actually there is no statement in the New Testament, except possibly one or two interpolations, in which Jesus makes any claim to an exclusive divine sonship. This idea was not incorporated into the Christian religion until long after his death." 31

Rajneesh Foundation International (Bhagwan Shree Rajneesh). "To tell you the truth, Jesus is a mental case.... He is a fanatic. He carries the same kind of mind as Adolf Hitler. He is a fascist He thinks that only those who follow him will be saved." 32

Rosicrucianism/AMORC (H. Spencer Lewis). "Nowhere in the teachings and practices of Jesus can we find the least intimation that His great system was intended to bring salvation to the physical body of man. Even the salvation of the soul was not taught by Jesus, and all references in the Christian Bible to the salvation of the soul constitute a misinterpretation, a misunderstanding, of the secret [Rosicrucianism] principle that Jesus taught" 33

Rudrananda Foundation (Swami Rudrananda; Rudi). In Spiritual Cannibalism Jesus is described as "a god," a "realized" man, like Buddha and other teachers. 34

Ruhani Satsang (Kirpal Singh). "Everyone is under the impression that Jesus Christ remains forever. The Christ Power remains forever [not Jesus]; but they [Christians] identify Christ with Jesus, the [solely] human pole, which is not right." 35

Sai Baba Society (Sathya Sai Baba). "The inner mystery of the Incarnation [is] God incarnating in all. All are One; the One is All." 36

Science of Mind (Ernest Holmes). "Jesus is the name of a man. Christ means the Universal Principle of Divine Sonship." 37

Scientology (L Ron Hubbard). "Neither Lord Buddha nor Jesus Christ were OTs [Operation Thetans, enlightened beings] according to the evidence. They were just a shade above clear [relatively low on the Scientology scale of spiritual advancement]." 38

Self-Realization Fellowship (Paramahansa Yogananda). "In Christian Scriptures it [Christ] is called the 'only begotten son.'. . . It is the universal consciousness, oneness with God, manifested by Jesus, Krishna, and other avatars." 39

3HO (Happy, Healthy, Holy) Sikhism (Yogi Bhajan). Jesus was a man of God only, who had to become qualified for his spiritual role. He didn't know if Joseph was his father, and his mother created "her son to really be a Christ," but not a savior. 40

Sri Chinmoy Centers (Sri Chinmoy). "[To] say that Christ is the Savior and the only way to salvation is a mistake.... He laughs when His followers say He is the only Savior...." 41

Tibetan Buddhism (Chogyam Trungpa). "Any kind of savior notion will not function a hundred percent.... Worshipping a "deity of any kind" is "the wrong way," and taking refuge in a Father God "is truly self-defeating." 42

Theosophy (H. P. Blavatsky). "Nowhere throughout the New Testament is Jesus found calling himself God, or anything higher than 'a son of God,' the son of a 'Father,' common to all." 43. [Also See Alice Bailey, Lucis Trust, and The Reappearance of “The Christ”]

Transcendental Meditation (Maharishi Mahesh Yogi). "[When] Christ said, 'Be still and know that I am God,' [He also meant] 'Be still and know that you are God.'" "I don't think Christ ever suffered [on the Cross].... Those who count upon the suffering, it is a wrong interpretation of the life of Christ and the message of Christ It is wrong." 44

The Unification Church (Sun Myung Moon). "It is a great error to think Jesus was God Himself. Jesus is no different from other men." 45

Unitarian/Universalism. Unitarian Universalist minister Waldemar Argow states: "They [Unitarian/Universalists] do not regard him as a supernatural creature, the literal son of God who was miraculously sent to earth as part of an involved plan for the salvation of human souls." 46

Unity School of Christianity (Charles Fillmore). "Most of our religious beliefs are based on the [erroneous] idea that Jesus is the only be- gotten Son of God." 47

Vedanta. Swami Prabhavananda alleges that we "cannot accept Christ as the only Son of God. Those who insist on regarding the life and teachings of Jesus as unique are bound to have great difficulty in understanding them." 48

The Walk (John Robert Stevens and the Church of the Living Word). "The Lord puts you through a process that will bring you into sonship, into deity... God becoming man means nothing unless we become God, unless we become lost in Him." 49

The Way International (Victor Paul Wierwille). "Trinitarian dogma placing Jesus Christ on God's level degrades God and leaves man UNREDEEMED!" (Advertisement for Wierwille's book, Jesus Christ Is Not God). "Our very redemption ... is dependent on Jesus Christ’s being a man and not God.” 50

The Yoga Fellowship (Swami Kriyananda). "What is Christ? St. Simeon the new theologian wrote, I move my hand, and Christ moves, who is my hand.” 51

Zen Buddhism. The Gospel According to Zen quotes Meister Eckhart: "Who is Jesus? He has no name," and "Jesus" declares, "Split wood: I am there. Lift up the stone, and you will find me there." 52



2. Rudolf Steiner, From Jesus to Christ (London: Rudolf Steiner Press, 1973), pp. 51-52.

3. Association for Research and Enlightenment, Edgar Cayce, reading #900-10 from Circulating File: Jesus the Pattern and You (Virginia Beach: A.R.E. Press, 1971), p. 53 (F).

4. Earlyne Chaney, Reincarnation (booklet) (Upland, CA: Astara, 1967), pp. 6-7; Robert Chaney, Mysticisrn: Me Journey Within (Upland, CA: Astara, 1979), pp. 117, 163-73.

5. Firuz Kazemzeden (ed.), World Order (periodical), Summer, 1978 (The National Spiritual Assembly of the Baha'is of the United States), p. 39.

6. 7he Christadelphian Messenger, No. 46, "The Word Made Flesh," p. 3.

7  Mary Baker Eddy, Science and Health with Key to the Scriptures (Boston: The First Church of Christ, Scientist, 1934), p. 361.

8. Roy Eugene Davis, The Hidden Teachings of Jesus Revealed (Lakemont, GA: CSA Press, 1968), p. 9, emphasis added.

    Emanuel Swedenborg, The True Christian Religion, Vol. I (New York: Swedenborg Foundation, Inc., 1972), pp. 32-33.

10.  The Ascended Masters, dictated to Mark and Elizabeth Prophet, Pearls of Wisdom, Sept. 16, 1979 (Vol. 22, No. 37), pp. 279-280.

11.  Swami Satchidananda, Satchidananda Speaks (Annhurst III Integral Yoga Ecumenical Retreat), June 17, 1975, pp. 47-48.

12.  Agnes Lawson, Hints to Bible Study (Denver: Divine Science Federation International, 1973), pp. 199-200.

13.  Paul Twitchell, The Tige’s Fang (San Diego: Illuminated Way Press, 1975), pp. 170-71.

14.  Roy Masters, "The Mystery of Golgotha," (tape).

15.  Da Free John (Franklin Jones), Scientific Proof of the Existence of God Will Soon Be Announced at the White House (Clearlake Highlands, CA: The Dawn Horse Press, 1980), p. 218.

16.  C. S. Nott, Teachings of Gurdjieff-, A Pupil's Journal (New York: Samuel Weiser, Inc., 1978), p. 103.

17.  Ram Dass, Be Here Now (Park Avenue, NY: Crown Publishing, 1971), Section Two, p. 99.

18.  Himalayan International Institute, Meditation in Christianity (Prospect Heights, IL: Himalayan International Institute, 1973), p. 63.

19.  Discipleship Newsletter (Cheyenne, WY: Holy Order of Mans Discipleship Movement) p. 7

20.  Sri Aurobindo and The Mother, A Practical Guide to Integral Yoga (compiled by Manishai, Pondicherry, India: Sri Aurobindo Ashrain, 1973), p. 50.

Back to Godhead (periodical), Vol. 12, no. 12, pp. 11-12.

J. F. Rutherford, 7he Harp of God (1921 edition), p. 101. 23.  Witness Lee, How to Meet (Anaheim, CA: Stream Publishers, 1970), p. 30.

24.  David Berg, The Mo Letters, Vol. 4 (Hong Kong: Golden Lion Publishers, 1978), p. 4016, "More on Feedin' the Fish," May, 1976, Disciples Only, No. 549.47-48.

25.  Alice Bailey, From Bethlehem to Calvary (New York: Lucis, 1976), p. 7

26.  Edmond Ronayne, The Master's Carpet (Chicago: Ezra Cook Company, 1879), p. 87.

27   Godfre Ray King, The “I AM" Discourses (Santa Fe, NM: Saint Germain Press, 1940), p. 222.

29.  New Thought (periodical), Autumn 1978, p. 11.

30.  Noah S. Brannen, Soka Gakka4 Japan's Militant Buddhists (Richmond, VA: John Knox Press, 1968), pp. 98-99:

31.  Joseph Leeming, Yoga and the Bible (Punjab, India: Shri S. L. Sondhi, Secretary, Radha Soami Satsang Beas, 1978), p. 5.

32.  Bhagwan Shree Rajneesh, The Rajneesh Bible, Vol. I (Rajneeshpruam: OR: Rajneesh Foundation International, 1985), pp. 9-10.

33.  Spencer Lewis, The Secret Doctrine of Jesus (San Jose, CA: Supreme Grand Lodge of AMORC), pp. 186-87, 189-91.

34.  Rudi (Swami Rudrananda), Spiritual Cannibalism (Woodstock, NY: The Overlook Press, 1978), p. 95.

35.  Kirpal Singh, Heart to Heart Talks, Vol. 2 (India: A.R. Manocha, Secretary, Ruhani Satsang, 1976), p. 54.

36.  N. Kasturi, Sathya Sai Speaks, Vol. 8, 1st ed. (New Delhi, India, n.p., 1975), p. 144.

37   Ernest Holmes and Alberta Smith, Questions and Answers on the Science of Mind (New York: Dodd, Mead and Company, 1953), p. 10.

38.  Ability magazine, No. 81 [c. 1959], p. 31.

39.  Paramahansa Yogananda, Man's Eternal Quest (Los Angeles, CA: Self Realization Fellowship, 1975), pp. 470-71; cf. Self Realization (Los Angeles: Self Realization Fellowship), Winter 1979, pp. 3-10.

40.  Beads of Truth, Winter, March 1978, p. 20; Spring 1975, p. 13; Spring 1978, pp. 32, 39; Beads of Truth, no. 31, p. 15.

41.  Sri Chimnoy, A Hundred Years from Now (Jamaica, NY: Agni Press, 1974), pp. 59-43.

42.  Chogyam Trungpa, Garuda III (Berkeley, CA: Shambhala Publications, Inc., 1973), pp. 25, 39; Chogyam Trungpa, Cutting Through Spiritual Materialism (Berkeley, CA: Shambhala Publications, Inc., 1975), pp. 27,37

43.  Helena Petrovna Blavatsky, The Secret Doctrine (India: Theosophical Publishing House, 1971), Vol. 5, p. 569n.

44.  Maharishi Mahesh Yogi, Meditations of Maharishi Mahesh Yogi (New York: Bantam, 1973), pp. 178,123-24.

45.  Young Oon Kim, Divine Principle and Its Application (HSA-U"WC, 1968), p. 75.

46.  Waldemar Argow, Unitarian Universalism-Some Questions Answered (pamphlet) (Boston: Unitarian Universalism Assoc., n.d.), p. 6.

47.  Unity (periodical), October, 1976, pp. 59-60.

48.  Swami Prabhavananda, 7he Sermon on the Mount According to Vedanta (New York: New American Library, 1963), p. 47.

49.  The Living Word 7his Week January 16, 1977, pp. 12-15,18.

50.  7he Way Magazine, January-February 1978, p. 6; Victor Paul Wierwille, Jesus Christ Is Not God (New Knoxville, OH, 1975), p. Z

51.  Swami Kriyananda, Eastem Thoughts, Westem Thoughts (Nevada City, CA: Ananda Publications, 1975), pp. 67-68.

52.  Robert Sohl and Audrey Carr (eds.), The Gospel According to Zen (New York: The New American Library, 1970), pp. 92, 72.


Index To Cults