Section 10A ... The Contemporary Church
Dominion Theology


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Dominion Theology... The Stench And Foul Smell Of Joel’s Army (Joel 2:20)

Section I: Basic Beliefs, Origins and Spread of Dominionism in Today’s World

Carol Brooks

Index To All Sixteen Sections

You Are Here 001orange Section 1: History, Beliefs and Spread
Section 2: Manifest Sons Of God
Section 3: C Peter Wagner and The New Apostolic Reformation or The Five-Fold Ministry
Section 4: Genuine New Testament Apostles Or Deluded Con Men
Section 5: Biblical Accountability and Authority
Section 6: Do Miracles Produce Faith
Section 7: Strategic Level Spiritual Warfare (SLSW)
Section 8: Identificational Repentance
Section 9: Portals to Heaven?
Section 10:  Civil War
Section 11:  Phinehas Spirit
Section 12:
Excuses For Gullibility
Section 13:  The Bible Vs. Dominion Theology
Section 14:  More Examples of The Leadership’s Inventive Interpretations of Scripture
Section 15:  A Sinister Twist
Section 16: Fate of Joel’s Army


Basic Beliefs
Fairy Stories Galore
“Saved” For God’s Kingdom Project
Dominionism and Genesis 1:28

Spreading The Rot
From The “Kansas City Prophets”
To The Vineyard churches
The "Toronto Blessing"
The Shepherding movement and Maranatha Campus Ministries

The Third Wave and Spiritual Superiority

Reconstructionism/Dominionism in Today’s World
Roy Moore
The Coalition on Revival (COR)
Pat Robertson
Promise Keepers, The Vineyard & Joel’s Army
Salvation Army
Youth With A Mission (YWAM)
American Vision

The Dominionist Blueprint … A Return to Mosaic Law

Four Core Beliefs and Practices
The Five-Fold Ministry
Manifest Sons of God
Territorial Spirits/Strategic Level Spiritual Warfare/Portals
Identificational Repentance

Section II: The Manifest Sons of God..The First Core Doctrine of the Dominionist Movement.

Foot Note I: Bishop Earl P. Paulk
Foot Note II: Paul Cain
Foot Note 1II: Quotes by Rushdoony
Foot Note IV: The Word of God Community



Basic Beliefs
Dominion or Kingdom theology, which is not a denomination but a belief system, is largely based upon a post-millennial view which is that Christ will return to earth after the thousand year reign of God's kingdom. The church progressively brings righteousness and peace to the world which will eventually be Christianized. Following a brief time of tribulation, Christ will return to earth and establish a new heaven and a new earth for eternity. 

Kingdom Theology is predicated on three basic beliefs, outlined by pastor Gary Gilley in his article… Dominion Theology [01]   

     (a) Satan usurped man's dominion over the earth through the temptation of Adam and Eve;

    (b) The Church is God's instrument to take dominion back from Satan;

    (c) Jesus cannot or will not return until the Church has taken dominion by gaining control of the earth's governmental and social institutions.

Since man lost dominion over the earth to Satan in the Garden of Eden, God has looked for a "covenant people" to take back this dominion from Satan. Much hinges on the outcome since Jesus will not (or cannot) return until this happens.

Fairy Stories Galore:
Bishop Earl P. Paulk co-founder of what was once a mega church …Chapel Hill Harvester Church in GeorgiaDominion-Paulk tells yet another version of spiritual history. This yarn, although similar to the first in goals, varies as to how and when dominion was lost to Satan. Emphasis Added [See Footnote I on Earl Paulk]

    [a] Before man was ever created, a third of the angels led by Lucifer, rebelled against God's authority, and seized dominion over part of the physical universe, as a result of which the earth became formless and void. [Genesis 1:2]

    [b] God then created man, who was to be a race of "little gods" exercising divine sovereignty and was to lead the way in taking back dominion over the entire universe. Unfortunately, the father of this race, Adam, was tricked by the devil into forfeiting Man's place in this plan and actually brought God's first plan to nought.

    [c] God then had to come up with a "Plan B" which was to introduce into this fallen race a man (Jesus) in whom the divine nature dwelled fully, who would become the prototype of a new race of human beings or "little gods”, who would overcome the devil and restore God's dominion on the earth. This, of course, depends on the church accepting its calling to be little gods and submitting to the fivefold ministry through whom God is seeking to mobilize the church into a unified army. [02]

Paulk’s version is easily relegated to the realm of myth if one is to read Genesis 1:31, when God pronounced all of His creation “very good” on the sixth day after Adam and Eve were created and then rested on the following day. This would not have been the case if the earth was a spiritual battleground prior to the creation of man.

“And God saw everything that he had made, and, behold, it was very good. And there was evening and there was morning, the sixth day.”

If Satan is capable of bringing God’s plans “to nought”, forcing Him to resort to back up plans, how in the world can we call our God “sovereign”? Besides which the theory blatantly contradicts Scripture, in which God Himself says He knows the end from the beginning and will not fail to carry out all His plans.

Remember the former things of old: for I am God, and there is none else; I am God, and there is none like me; declaring the end from the beginning, and from ancient times things that are not yet done; saying, My counsel shall stand, and I will do all my pleasure; [Isaiah 46:9-10]

Also See The Foreknowledge of God

Then, somewhere along the line, a strange unbiblical idea began to surface. That we are …

“Saved” For God’s Kingdom Project
In the words of Tricia Tilllin.. [Emphasis added]

    “Increasingly the emphasis in Restoration literature is on corporate action in the community instead of individual salvation. As the Kingdom Rule of God is a proposed system of government for the entire earth, so individual identity is merged with national or global identity, and salvation becomes more a matter of kingdom discipleship than personal conversion. The personal element in religion becomes a threat to church unity and to the authority of the eldership”. [03]

She certainly isn’t blowing smoke. A recent brochure announcing the 12th Annual Northwest Conference for Christian Reconstruction, said [All Emphasis added]:

"The Christian Reconstruction movement believes that the Bible contains not only a message of personal salvation through the blood of Christ shed on the cross, but also a comprehensive law structure which is alone able to provide a just basis for society. It is committed to the view that sovereignty and thus government belong to God, and that all delegated government, whether to family, church or state (civil government), is to be exercised in obedience to the law of God's covenant. Furthermore, salvation involves every aspect of man's life and thus also the relationships he sustains to the world around him. The exercise of dominion in accordance with the terms of God's covenant is therefore basic and vital to the Christian faith. To neglect this is to deprecate the extent of Christ's victory at Calvary." [04]

While it is true that salvation involves the redemption of the whole man, affecting every aspect of a person’s life, including how he thinks and how he acts, the quote above links salvation not just with righteousness, but with the “exercise of dominion”. They go as far as to say that neglecting this “basic and vital” issue “deprecates the extent of Christ's victory at Calvary”. Presumably the personal element in religion poses a threat to church unity and to the authority of ‘the leadership’.

An article on the Associated Baptist Press web site takes it one step further, stating that Kingdom theology… [All Emphasis Added]

    “...is social and this-worldly rather than privatized and otherworldly. Jesus came to offer not primarily a path to personal salvation, but a way of living that can contribute to a renewed world. The message of personal salvation is not absent from kingdom theology, but it recedes to become a component of a broader proclamation. And people “get saved” not just for their own sake, but mainly so they can get to work on their part of God’s kingdom project. [05]

Dominionism and Genesis 1:28
Genesis 1:28 is often found at the heart of Reconstructionist arguments. When God told Adam and Eve to

    "Be fruitful, and multiply, and replenish the earth, and subdue it: and have dominion over the fish of the sea, and over the fowl of the air, and over every living thing that moveth upon the earth"

Christians typically understand that passage to mean that God gave humankind responsibility over the Earth or biological creation, but some have taken the nature and extent of that instruction to extreme lengths, believing that Christians are to have dominion over, and responsibility for every living thing. Christians alone are Biblically mandated to ‘rule’ the earth and impose Biblical rule over all of the world's institutions including government… creating a world-wide kingdom patterned after Mosaic Law. Until, of course, the return of Christ.

Bear in mind however that neither Genesis 1:28, nor any other verse in Scripture, says a word about man reclaiming dominion from Satan.

    Note: Many people blame the dominion theology of Genesis for our environmental problems.. that the man/nature relationship as portrayed in Genesis makes man superior to all the rest of creation, which exists merely for his use and encourages “the most exploitative and destructive instincts in man”. [05b]. Although it’s not hard to notice that the environmental issue receives very little attention in Christian circles, as Christians we have a responsibility to the earth that exceeds that of unredeemed people. [See Christian Environmentalism]

Dominion-WagnerIn fact the whole idea of man establishing God’s Kingdom on earth often goes to extreme lengths. In one of his umpteen books… Dominion!: How Kingdom Action Can Change the World, C Peter Wagner founder of Global Harvest Ministries, overall leader of the International Coalition of Apostles and one of the main driving forces behind the Dominionist movement, says [Emphasis Added]

    God’s will being accomplished on earth as it is in heaven depends on His people becoming empowered by the Holy Spirit and moving into action. [06]

Quite obviously, it only makes sense for those that subscribe to this creed to attempt to change society, although not all adherents to Kingdom Now (Dominion) theology are in agreement on the methods to accomplish that end. While there is however concurrence on the major principle - that the Church has dominion over the “forces of evil”, and that every enemy of Christ must be subdued before He can return as King, the more moderate factions advocate political control, social action and the revising of laws, while others are far more militant, willing to use force if necessary.

Peter Wagner is one example of the second category…

    The Church is expected to war… Apostles are designated to lead the Church into war because it takes a government to overthrow a government. [07]

Yet he says [Emphasis Added]

     “In a global sense, each generation faces Satan in the form of the spirit of Antichrist or world domination. This is the spirit behind those who have had ambition to rule the world such as Napoleon or Hitler. They would usurp the place that belongs only to God. The earth is the Lord's and all its fullness (Psalm 24:1)” [08].

Which statement leaves one scratching one’s head. Ruling the world is exactly what the Dominionists are trying to do. While they imagine that this mission is authorized by God (unsubstantiated by Scripture) the fact remains that they, no less than Hitler or Napoleon, are planning to usurp the place that “belongs only to God”. The earth belongs to the Lord, not to the churches.

Kingdom Theology, in all it’s forms, originated with the Latter Rain Movement which was born in 1948 and was called so because it was believed that the outpouring of the Holy Spirit on Pentecost was the "former rain" that established the Church, but the then current move of the Spirit (speaking in tongues and the Baptism of the Holy Spirit etc.) was the "latter rain" to prepare her for the last “great harvest” at the end of the age, which would sweep millions into the Church. After which, the Church's work being Dominion-Hawtincomplete, Jesus Christ would return.

In the years following World War II, several leaders of Sharon Orphanage, a small Pentecostal orphanage in North Battleford, Saskatchewan, were inspired to look for a deeper dimension of Christianity after attending a meeting held by William Branham. They fasted and prayed from many weeks and believed that God answered them when, on February 12, 1948, the Holy Spirit supposedly fell with “great power”. According to Ernest Hawtin, who along with his brothers George, and Phillip were widely acknowledged as fathers of the Latter Rain movement... 

    "Day after day the Glory and Power of God came among us. Great repentance, humbling, fasting and prayer prevailed in everyone." [09]

Later that year (July 7-18, 1948) the Camp Meeting at Sharon Orphanage was attended by large numbers of people from Canada and the United States who had heard of the revivals in North Battleford. It was from the teachings at these Camp Meetings that the Latter Rain doctrine quickly spread throughout Canada, United States and around the world.

Ern Baxter: Though many Christians caught up in the Restoration/Dominion movement would deny any Dominion-Ern_Baxterinvolvement with Latter Rain teachings (some of them have probably never even heard of the Movement), the truth is that the Latter Rain had tentacles that stretched far and wide. Ern Baxter was involved with the movement from very early on.

In an article entitled Springs of Restoration, author Arthur Wallis traces the Restoration movement “back to its origins to the late 1950s”. He talks of the pre-charismatic days (probably in the late sixties) when a charismatic-type convention was organized at the Elim Bible College in Surrey England, at which he himself was one of the speakers. He says 

    “Later Bryn Jones, Ern Baxter and others made significant contributions by their ministry, and the convention grew till a marquee seating nearly 2,000 was being filled, It proved to be a significant platform for the restoration emphasis”. [10]

Baxter (Charismatic) was also one of the original "Ft. Lauderdale Five" who founded the Shepherding movement. [The other four were Bob Mumford, Derek Prince (Assemblies of God), Don Basham (Disciples of Christ), Charles Simpson (Southern Baptist)].  Members entered into "covenant relationships" with a greatDominion-Lauderdale_5 deal of emphasis placed upon the importance of obedience to one's own shepherd, who in turn was submitted to the FL Five or their representatives. . “No teaching of the leadership was to be questioned they were the anointed "government of God" and stood in the place of Jesus!” [11] The movement was not long lived, quickly gaining a reputation for controlling and abusive behavior.

    “In November of 1989. Mumford acknowledged abuses that had occurred because of his teaching on submission. This emphasis resulted in “perverse and unbiblical obedience” to leaders. In an interview with Christianity Today magazine, Mumford indicated that the abuse of spiritual authority led to “injury, hurt, and in some cases, disaster.” Leaders, he said, were operating at a level where biblical limitations on their authority were not clear and families had been severely disrupted and lives turned upside down” [12].

    Note that the long arm of the Shepherding movement would later extend into the Promise Keepers movement, effecting millions of men in this country and others. (Below)

In more recent times Ern Baxter was among the Christian Leaders who signed the COR Manifesto in 1986 while Bob Mumford was part of the National COR Steering Committee. [Below]

The basis for Ern Baxter’s Restoration teachings came directly from the Latter Rain movement and differed very little from it… which is little wonder since Baxter travelled for many years (from 1947 to about 1953) with William Branham, often doing all of the speaking for him. [13] Also, Baxter's personal secretary, George Warnock, was not only one of the North Battleford brethren, but wrote the Feast of Tabernacles, in 1951, during his four year stint at Sharon Bible College in the capacity of a "deacon". The book, in which Warnock laid out a specific doctrine for the Latter Rain Movement, became very very influential not only for its view of the feasts but for its approach to the Scriptures.

As early as 1975 Ern Baxter preached a sermon in which he said.. [All Emphasis Added]

    This beloved One came down "for us men and for our salvation" to become God's final voice, to become the pattern Son, to become the ideal Man after whom He would pattern a whole community of redeemed ones. God chose to speak through prophets until Jesus came - whose right it was to reign….

And [Misspelling in Source]

    God's people are going to start to exercise rule and they're going to take dominion over the power of Satan. They're going to bring diabolical princes down. The dark powers that hover over the Parliament buildings of the nations are going to be paralysed by the corporate prayer of an authorative community. As the rod of His strength goes out of Zion, He will change legislation. He'll chase the devil off the face of God's earth as God's people together, doing the will of God, will bring about God's purposes and God's reign in a time/space world. [14]

Spreading The Rot:
Although it’s influence gradually waned, perhaps in part because it was thrown out of the Assemblies of God church in the 1940's for heresy, the deception never really died, but went underground to await the day when sound doctrine would be of little concern to the vast majority of church leadership. Then, once again, it raised it’s ugly head. 

From The “Kansas City Prophets”
Dominion-Mike-BickleIn 1975, Ern Baxter was a speaker at the Shepherds Conference held in Kansas City and attended by some 40 to 50,000 men. In fact Ern Baxter closed the conference preaching what was possibly his most historic message – “Thy Kingdom Come!” [15] 

It hardly seems a coincidence that very shortly afterwards (in 1982) The Kansas City Fellowship (KCF) was founded by pastor Mike Bickle after he heard an audible voice in Cairo, Egypt described by Bickle as “the internal audible voice”. According to Bickle

    “The Lord simply said, “I will change the understanding and expression of Christianity in the earth in one generation”. [16]

The “Kansas City Prophets” were born… called so because many of their leaders were from the area.

To The Vineyard churches:
However in January of 1990, a Kansas City pastor named Ernie Gruen (he passed away in June 2009) published a report exposing some of the teachings and practices at Bickle's church [Read]. This report was distributed nationwide and could very well have spelled the end of the movement. However the death knell was averted by a series of events involving Vineyard founder John Wimber..

When, in the mid 70's, John Wimber left the Quaker church he pastored to become a lecturer for the Fuller Church Growth Institute he came into contact with C. Peter Wagner, a fellow professor at Fuller, who he was greatly influenced by and vice versa. Through his contact with Wagner, who for years had been a missionary in Bolivia, Wimber was exposed to the stories of supernatural confrontations, miracles, healings, demonic oppressions, and deliverances etc, and “became convinced that the demonstration of the power of the Gospel through miracles always served to validate the preaching of the Word” [17].

 In 1977, Wimber left Fuller to start a local church, which eventually grew to approximately 600 Vineyard Churches worldwide. On Mother's Day of 1981 Wimber invited Lonnie Frisbee (a former drug taking hippie who had been attending his church) to preach, and the rest is history. The day erupted into a Toronto Blessing like circus, and after a mystical ‘confirmation’ that this was “of God”, Wimber was hooked. (It is alleged that because Lonnie Frisbee practiced homosexuality and died of AIDS, his part in the formation and growth of Calvary Chapels and Vineyards has been all but written out of history books. . [See Section The Vineyard Churches

In 1982, John Wimber and C. Peter Wagner co-instructed a course at the Fuller Theological Seminary, called “Signs, Wonders and Church Growth” [18] C. Peter Wagner founded Global Harvest Ministries of which Dr. Chuck D. Pierce is Vice-President. 

Toward the mid to late 1980's, Wimber became enamored by the "The Kansas City Prophets", or now known as the Kansas City Fellowship. Mile Bickle in fact mentions that he “introduced Paul Cain, Bob Jones and the other prophetic ministers to the Vineyard” and was in turn introduced to Richard Foster by John Wimber. [19]

[See Footnote II on Paul Cain (below)]

At an August 1989 conference in Denver, Colorado, Wimber called on Vineyard pastors to receive the KCP, thus very effectively putting a band aid over the whole affair brought up by pastor Ermine Gruen. The Latter Rain had found not only a very comfortable home in the Vineyard church, but a huge and influential platform from which to spread their canker.

The "Toronto Blessing"
Not long after this “ … the Toronto Vineyard church introduced the world to the "Toronto Blessing" with all it's strange phenomena. Bob Jones, a controversial Kansas City prophet, Jim Goll and John Paul Jackson, now Vineyard prophets, endorsed the Toronto phenomenon. Later there was a cross-fertilization (their term) with similar movements linking others with this orbit, including C. Peter Wagner and his apostles and prophets of the New Apostolic Reformation, which includes Cindy Jacobs, Dutch Sheets, Chuck Pierce, Ted Haggard, and others. [20]

[See Section III: Peter Wagner and the New Apostolic Reformation]

However note that the original site is far from dead.

    The New Order of the Latter Rain is no longer an exciting rallying cry among most denominational Pentecostal churches, but by no means is the movement dead. In North Battleford it maintains a well kept 70 acre conference grounds, with an auditorium seating 1,500, a dining room to feed 1,000, and dormitories accommodating several hundred. Twice a year, at the Feast of Pentecost and at the summer camp approximately 1,000 people gather for a week or so.  Its publication Sharon Star [20b] still appears several times a year, and there is a weekly radio broadcast from Prince Albert, Saskatchewan. [20c]

While the above was written in 1980, the Sharon Camp Meeting at Sharon Schools in N. Battleford continue.  The Great Eagle Ministries International web site says that “recently, the Lord has opened doors of Ministry for Great Eagle on a Worldwide Level, instructing us to join ourselves in the Networking of Apostolic Prophetic Ministries across the World” and “We at Great Eagle Ministries believe very strongly in the necessity of the Local Church, and of a United Five Fold Ministry; with particular emphasis on the Ministry of Apostles and Prophets” [20d]. One page on this site advertises the July 2-9, 2006 Sharon Camp Meeting says “Back Where It All Began In 1948” and [Emphasis in Original]

    ONCE AGAIN THEY'LL BE COMING IN THE HUNDREDS from across Canada, the United States, and foreign countries for the annual Camp Meeting on the campus of SHARON CHILDREN's HOMEs AND SCHOOLs. (300 miles north of the Montana / Saskatchewan border)

    + Seasoned APOSTOLIC and PROPHETIC MINISTRIES will be present to minister the Kingdom Word, the truth of Sonship and the Great Reconciliation, some of whom have walked "this way" since 1948. [20e]

Sadly none of these movements never ever seem to die, but simply go underground for a while only to be resurrected under another name and with new affiliations. The "Ft. Lauderdale Five" and the Shepherding movement had a great influence on...

Maranatha Campus Ministries, founded by Robert T Weiner in 1972 as a ministry to students at Murray State University in Kentucky.  By 1984, the group had expanded to more than 100 campuses throughout the United States and 16 foreign countries.  Aggressively evangelistic, Maranatha members often described themselves as "God's Green Berets" and were greatly influenced by the Shepherding doctrine. In fact the headquarters of Maranatha Ministries was in Gainesville, Florida Some 300+ miles from Fort Lauderdale. That they had Dominionist leanings even back then can hardly be doubted. Gary North's 1986 book, 75 Bible Questions Your Instructors Pray You Won't Ask “.. is dedicated to Bob and Rose Weiner the founders of the “hardest core” campus ministry of this generation”

    “According to Lee Grady, managing editor of the Maranatha publication The Forerunner from 1981 until the organization disbanded, all the major personalities associated with the shepherding movement at one time or another addressed Maranatha gathering. Grady said the concept of shepherding-that believers were under the authority of a spiritual shepherd-was widely accepted within Maranatha as a natural aspect of the Christian faith. "Maranatha was a revival movement," said Grady. "Any revival movement will usually be characterized by excesses."

    It is widely agreed that Maranatha's past problems were largely attributable to the youth and inexperience of its pastors. Some, in their early 20s, and having had no formal training, were in charge of entire flocks. In some cases, lives were closely controlled by these pastors, who received a "word from the Lord" about seemingly minute details of members' lives: whether they should visit home for a weekend, or whether to switch jobs. Members were forbidden altogether to date, and could not marry without submitting the matter to pastors or elders. [20f]

In November 1989, Maranatha's board decided to disband the organization under intense criticism from the secular and Christian press. 

And where is Bob Weiner now?

Bob Weiner and the Dominionist Leadership. In 1990 Bob Weiner and his wife Rose started Weiner Ministries International. Interestingly the About Us page describes the beginnings of  Maranatha as a “Revival” that broke out on the little town of Paducah Kentucky, with not a word about it’s less than auspicious end. [20g]

The Endorsements page reads like a roll call of the Dominionist movement leadership and includes

  • Dr. C. Peter Wagner Chancellor - Wagner Leadership Institute,
  • Rick Joyner- Morningstar Ministries and Publications
  • Ron Luce - President & Founder of Teen Mania Ministries,
  • Mike Bickle - International House of Prayer of Kansas City, 
  • John Bevere - Author / Speaker - Messenger International ,
  • Tommy Tenney - GodChasers.network, Pineville, LA, 
  • Dr. Mark Chironna - Author, Teacher, TBN Television Host and Dr. David Yonggi Cho, Chairman, Church Growth International

Rick Joyner’s endorsement reads in part [Emphasis Added].. "Bob and Rose Weiner's Bible Studies have helped countless thousands of new believer's become established on sound Biblical truth", while Wagner says "Few people have raised up laborers for the harvest in the quantity and quality that Bob has. I am excited about his strategy to see one million young people entering God’s army full time! This will be a transforming force for our nation!”" [20h]

Rick Joyner: A search on Bob Weiner in Rick Joyner’s Morningstar Ministries store [20i] yielded 42 matches including the audio message Faith To Move Mountains by Rick Joyner & Bob Weiner

Offshoots: The Latter Rain eventually became the cornerstone for various offshoots, the most prominent of which are (or were) Joel’s Army, First-Fruits, Identity, Manifest Sons of God, Restoration, Reconstruction, Kingdom Message, Elijah Company, Overcomers,  etc. The initial influence of these groups was largely confined to Pentecostal and Charismatic churches but, through various counterfeit revivals, have spread their leaven far into the evangelical world, finding wide acceptance among members of a different Christian denominations.

Although the teachings of the assorted groups diverge from each other in details, they are yet similar enough to be classified under the broad banner of  Dominion or Kingdom Theology, sharing a post-millennial vision in which the kingdom of God will be established on earth through political and (in some cases) even military means.

    “These movements,  though to a greater or lesser degree disavowing association with each other, are sufficiently homogenous in their eschatological* and theological viewpoints to place them all under a common banner: what I refer to as "Kingdom Theology … close scrutiny reveals that all hold certain elements in common, making it difficult to discern one from the other. For example, some Manifested Sons of God teachings are indistinguishable from some of the teachings of Restorationism". [21]

* Eschatology is the part of theology concerned with death, judgment, and the final destiny of the individual soul and of humankind as a whole.

The Third Wave and Spiritual Superiority:
C Peter Wagner coined the term Third Wave in his 1988 book The Third Wave of the Holy Spirit, (out of print) to refer to the latest supposed movement of the Holy Spirit to sweep across the globe. While similar to the Pentecostal and Charismatic waves that preceded it, the Third Wave has some unique distinctions..  The two earlier movements emphasized baptism with the Holy Spirit and speaking in tongues, while the Third Wave tends to focus more on spiritual gifts for ministry such as prophecy, healing, and spiritual warfare, including expulsion of, “territorial demons”. [See Section VI.. Strategic Level Spiritual Warfare].

In fact a preoccupation with mystical phenomena such as visions and dreams characterizes much of the Third Wave. Third Wavers are persuaded that merely preaching the gospel message will never reach the world for Christ and unbelievers must experience the supernatural in order to be brought to full faith. This is why many of those involved consider those believers that do not share their opinion and experience of the miraculous and the mystical to have a very flimsy and insubstantial kind of Christianity. In fact one gets the impression that no Christian outside of the Third Wave/Signs and Wonders/ Dominionist system is even regarded as a bona fide member of the Kingdom of God.

Although this would be hotly disputed, the following statement by Bill Hamon, founder of Christian Dominion-HamonInternational Ministries and, according to the Elijah List, “a prophet for more than 50 years (more about Bill Hamon later) reeks of how spiritually superior they consider themselves to be.. [Emphasis Added]

    See, you as an adult can drop down on the floor with a four-year-old and crawl and play and talk gooey gooey talk, but he can't elevate himself up to talk and fellowship on your level. I can drop back down and fellowship and talk with a Lutheran about justification of faith and Jesus, but if I try to get them on my level to speak in tongues or prophesy or move in gifts, I am taking to them beyond their growth, experiences and revelation. So we who are spiritual should restore those who are weak”. [22]

Unfortunately, as we have set out to show, the entire movement can only be described as part of the great apostasy spoken of by the apostle Paul. It …

    1) has much in common with the Word of Faith (Positive Confession) movement, borrowed from occult sources,

    2) bears striking similarities to particular beliefs of much of the New Age movement,

    3) is just as surely going to lead right into the hands and reign of the antichrist.

Reconstructionism/Domionism in Today’s World

Although I have included some extensive quotes by men associated with the Kansas City Prophet/ Vineyard/ Toronto Blessing/ Lakeland Revival antics, the belief in end time Dominionism is by NO MEANS restricted to them.

Kingdom Theology has taken on a new sophistication, dropping some of the fairy stories and couching the doctrine in terminology much more likely to appeal to mind set of the 21st century Christian, who is already well on his way to being thoroughly indoctrinated into not only religious pluralism and interreligious dialogue, but the idea that man can create his own future.  [See Section Word of Faith]

C Peter Wagner goes as far as to say [Emphasis Added]

    For over a decade now, a group of recognized evangelical theologians have argued for an open view of God. According to their reading of Scripture, God leave some, but not all, of the future open to decisions made by human beings. Does what we do really matter? Does God ever change His mind? Is there a satisfactory theological alternative to classical Calvinism and Arminianism? Theologians such as Gregory Boyd, Clark Pinnock and others think there is. This open theology has come just at the beginning of the Second Apostolic Age, and apostolic people, particularly prophets and intercessors, for the most part welcome it with open arms. They have been assuming and acting upon the principles of open theology, though many have not yet verbalized those theological assumptions. [23]

Theopedia provides a brief description of Open Theism.

    “Open theism, also called free will theism and openness theology, is the belief that God does not exercise meticulous control of the universe but leaves it "open" for humans to make significant choices (free will) that impact their relationships with God and others. A corollary of this is that God has not predetermined the future. Open Theists further believe that this would imply that God does not know the future exhaustively. Proponents affirm that God is omniscient, but deny that this means that God knows everything that will happen. [24]

[For more Information See The Foreknowledge of God   and    Can God Change His Mind?]

The Christian Reconstruction Movement:Dominion-Gary-North
 There seem to be two growing movements within American Christianity.. one of which is The Christian Reconstruction movement, led by such men such as Gary North, a vocal Reconstructionist writer and economist and son-in-law of controversial Reconstructionist R.J. Rushdoony. North, author or co-author of more than fifty books, seems to have made a career of blowing already serious global problems out of proportion, and predicting, on a regular basis, one apocalyptic scenario after the other, each of which could result in the collapse of western civilization. He says that he himself is "one of the two primary publishers of dominion theology" [25] [See Quotes By Rushdoony in Footnote III]

    (Sadly these doomsayers who see the collapse of Western civilization around every corner, blatantly ignore the very clear Signs of The Times outlined by Scripture. This is not surprising since Christians, both Reconstructionists and much of the professing church, do not recognize that they themselves play an unfavorable, even ominous role in End Times prophecy). 

Mother Jones (both a magazine and website) is a “nonprofit news organization that specializes in investigative, political, and social justice”. The December 2005 issue carried an article called A Nation Under God by John Sugg, senior editor for the Creative Loafing group of alternative newsweeklies, who calls the Christian Reconstruction movement “increasingly powerful”. While the piece isn’t exactly Pro-Christian, it does point out the widespread influence of the movement, which Sugg says offers an opportunity to “turbocharge the religious right”, showing that it is “willing to field soldiers and take the fight to the enemy”. Sugg quotes Gary North,

    “Reconstructionists aren’t shy about what exactly it is they are pursuing: “The long-term goal of Christians in politics should be to gain exclusive control over the franchise,” Gary North, a top Reconstruction theorist, wrote in his 1989 book, Political Polytheism: The Myth of Pluralism. “Those who refuse to submit publicly…must be denied citizenship.” [26]

And says

    Reconstructionists also exert significant clout through front organizations and coalitions with other religious fundamentalists; Baptists, Anglicans, and others have deep theological differences with the movement, but they have made common cause with its leaders in groups such as the National Coalition for Revival. Reconstruction has slowly absorbed, congregation by congregation, the conservative Presbyterian Church in America (not to be confused with the progressive Presbyterian Church [USA]) and has heavily influenced others, notably the Southern Baptists. [26]

Pastor Gary Gilley of the Southern View Chapel tends to agree. As he says, Reconstructionist thinking is beginning to make vast inroads into the evangelical world…

    “We see the influence of this thinking even in those who may know little about DT: James Dobson, Larry Burkett, The Christian Coalition, Pat Robertson, Promise Keepers, Charles Colson and the Evangelicals and Catholics Together document, Operation Rescue, are but a few of the evidences that reconstructionist thinking is beginning to dominate the evangelical world” [27]

Roy Moore:
Pointing to prominent participants, the Mother Jones article goes on to say that Roy Moore, ex chief justice of the Alabama Supreme Court has

    “… never declared himself a Reconstructionist. But he is a frequent orator at gatherings whose organizers are part of the movement. The primary theologians, activists, and websites of Reconstruction laud him as a hero. Moore’s lawyer in the Ten Commandments fight, Herb Titus, is a Reconstructionist, as are many of his most vocal supporters, including Gary DeMar, the organizer of the Restore America rally and the head of American Vision, one of the most prolific publishers of the movement. [26]

The Coalition on Revival (COR) is “a network of evangelical leaders from every major denominational and theological perspective who share a vision for and a commitment to worldwide revival, renewal, and reformation in the Church and society, that will practically implement the Biblical and Christian Worldview.. COR's mission is "to help the Church rebuild civilization on the principles of the Bible so God's will may be done on earth as it is in heaven." [28]

The number of members of the national COR Steering Committee who helped develop and ratify the COR Foundation Documents includes among MANY others [See Complete List at]

  • Luther James Blackwell, Jr. senior pastor of Mega Church in Cleveland, Ohio *
  • Gary DeMar, President of American Vision,
  • Col. Glen Jones, National Director Military Ministry, Campus Crusade,
  • Dr. D. James Kennedy, Ph.D., Pastor Coral Ridge Presbyterian Church,
  • Dr. Josh McDowell, D.D., President Josh McDowell Ministries,
  • Rev. Bob Mumford, President Lifechangers
  • Dr. Gary North, Ph.D., President Institute for Christian Economics
  • Dr. Ralph Winter, Ph.D., General Director U.S. Center for World Missions
  • Bob Weiner, President Maranatha Campus Ministries
    Jack Van Impe, Ph.D., President Jack Van Impe Ministries

* Luther James Blackwell is the author of two books, Power to Get Wealth and The Heritage of the Black Believer. He has served as one of the hosts of the Praise the Lord television program; appeared on CBN’s 700 Club; and is a frequent guest on the Trinity Broadcast Network.  [29]

Dr. Jay Grimstead, founder and director of the Coalition on Revival says [Emphasis Added]Dominion-Grimstead

    it is our conviction that even now, only a fraction of the members of the Body of Christ on earth are capable of fulfilling the Great Commission, waging biblical warfare, or fulfilling their personal destinies in the Body of Christ. It is our estimate that only about 10 percent of believers and a small minority of Christian leaders clearly understand the issues before us or have the courage to lose their lives, reputation, or security for Christ’s cause. Few are capable of joining organically and productively into a united local army of Christ composed of congregational “platoons.” Thus, it is our opinion, that the Body of Christ is a long way, in every nation, region, or city, from being able to unite and mobilize itself as the allied armies did in World War II and create a spiritual/theological “D-Day” to attack the forces of evil and advance the Kingdom of God on earth biblically and efficiently.

He adds

    From around 1830 almost every church and denomination became: Escapist and Rapture-oriented, rather than eager to have “God’s will done on earth” now… Inclined to consider the Kingdom of God as primarily “spiritual” during this age, rather than a real, active, Kingdom on earth now, which God intends to have permeate, influence, and ultimately overcome all other societies, “kings,” states and continents for His glory” [30]

Unfortunately this is a serious misinterpretation of the Kingdom. Jesus clearly distinguishes between the coming of the Kingdom in glory, when he will be accompanied by His angels, and the Kingdom of God which "does not come with observation" and was already in their midst, which means it had to be a very different type of kingdom from the temporal/worldly one the Jews were expecting.

    But when the Son of man shall come in his glory, and all the angels with him, then shall he sit on the throne of his glory: [Matthew 25:31]

    And being asked by the Pharisees, when the kingdom of God cometh, he answered them and said, The kingdom of God cometh not with observation: neither shall they say, Lo, here! or, There! for lo, the kingdom of God is within you. [Luke 17:20-21]

The very word translated “kingdom” is the Aramaic word malkuta (kingdom) which had a completely different significance to people of ages past than it does to the 21st century westerner. Only in isolated instances in the Old Testament does malkut denote a realm as territory; instead it almost always denotes the government, authority and power of a king. This is borne out by Young’s Literal translation which, uniformly uses the word “reign” rather than “kingdom”. [See The Three Stage Emergence of the Kingdom on THIS Page]

Note that it is very true that the pre-tribulation rapture is nothing but a theological "comfort zone". Sadly too many believers today are ready only to “be gently whisked away to heaven on a pillow”, when in reality many of them will become martyrs at the hands of Antichrist, or even at the hands of other ‘believers’ who will think slaying you is doing God a favour. [More about that in Section IX.. a Civil War?.]

[Also See Why the Pre-Tribulation Rapture is a figment of the imagination,

Pat Robertson: An article by Frederick Clark accurately points out that

    Robertson himself seems to lack the long-term vision of Reconstructionist thinkers, but he is clearly driven by a short-term militant "dominion" mandate--the mandate that Christians "Christianize" the country's social and political institutions. He offers a fevered vision of power and "spiritual warfare," perhaps even physical conflict with the forces of Satan in the near future. "The world is going to be ours," he once confided, "but not without a battle, [not] without bloodshed." At a 1994 Christian Coalition national strategy conference, Robertson railed against "Satanic forces," declaring: "We are not coming up against just human beings to beat them in elections. We're going to be coming up against spiritual warfare. And if we're not aware of what we're fighting, we will lose." [31]

In The New World Order, Robertson writes that "there is no way that government can operate successfully unless led by godly men and women operating under the laws of the God of Jacob." While Al Dager cites Robertson as saying..

    "Now what do you do? What do I do? What do all of us do? We get ready to take dominion! It's all going to be ours - I'm talking about all of it. Everything that you would say is a good part of the secular. Every means of communication, the news, the television, the radio, the cinema, the arts, the government, the finance - it's gong to be ours! God's going to give it to His people. We should prepare to reign and rule ... [32]

Pat Robertson is founder and current Chancellor of Regent University which was, until 1990, named CBN University. Regent University includes a law school accredited by the American Bar Association in 1996… ex U.S. Attorney General, John Ashcroft being “Distinguished Professor in the schools of Law and Government”  at Regent.

    Note: A Regent is a person appointed to administer a state because the monarch is a minor, absent or incapacitated, which fits in very well with the whole concept of Dominionism. In fact the university's current motto is "Christian Leadership to Change the World". [33]. 

DDominion-Dee-Jepsenee Jepsen, who served as a special assistant to President Reagan and who is married to former Senator Roger Jepson (R-Iowa), was Chairman of the Board at Regent University. She is a longtime COR Steering Committee member [34] and “was an active advocate for the school's change of name from Christian Broadcast Network University to Regent University, arguing that "Regent" better reflected its mission”. [35]

Herb Titus, 1996 vice-presidential candidate of the Constitution Party and founding deanDominion-Herb-Titus of The Christian Regent University Law School is said to have used one of Rushdoony's book in his introductory Law course. [See quotes from Rushdoony’s books] Titus was, along with Roy Moore, an original drafter of the Constitution Restoration Act, which sought to take out of federal court jurisdiction cases that involved public officials that acknowledged God as the sovereign source of law, liberty, or government, and provided for the impeachment of federal judges who disregarded the act. Incidentally Titus holds a law degree (cum laude) from Harvard University and a B.S. degree in Political Science from the University of Oregon, from which he graduated Phi Beta Kappa. [36]

Certainly Pat Robertson and his university still form an influential power base with both Mitt Romney [37] and Rudy Giuliani speaking there in 2007. [38]. Romney made a graduation speech and Giuliani addressed the 600+ Executive Leadership Series

Promise Keepers, The Vineyard & Joel’s Army

The Promise Keepers… a male-only movement that was incorporated in the state of Colorado in December of 1990, focuses on revival and discipleship. It’s genesis occurred when Bill McCartney, then football coach for the University of Colorado, “envisioned a gathering of 50,000 men at the University of Colorado’s Folsom Field for training and teaching on what it means to be godly men.  He was imagining a revival among Christian men who were willing to take a stand for God in their marriages, families, churches, and communities”.

Ostensibly, Promise Keepers is a call for men to keep their promises to God, their families and their communities. It calls for integrity in every area of life and for the reinstatement of traditional Christian-based values into American culture - a process which, they believe, must begin with men re-establishing themselves as the head of their families, their churches and their local communities.

The first arena conference drew 4,200 men to the University of Colorado Events Center and when in June 1992, Dr. James Dobson’s "Focus on the Family" plugged them on a radio program, Promise Keepers witnessed extraordinary growth.  Fifteen-hundred pastors and lay leaders gathered for the first National Leadership Conference, and 22,000 men from every state in the nation convened at Folsom Field at the University of Colorado for the first National Men’s Conference. There is no indication that PK’s rate of growth is slackening or abating. On the contrary, they have since gone from strength to strength.. Not only did Promise Keeper’s 15th season in 2004 draw more than 179,000 men and boys to 18 conferences all across the nation, but they have also ventured into international waters. [40]

Below The Hype:

The problems with the organization that is responsible for these huge gatherings of men and their accountability groups all across the country is multi fold and beyond the scope of this page, which is focused on one dimension of PK.

The vast majority of men who attend PK rallies seem to know very little about the beliefs, church affiliation or doctrine of the speakers who appear. However, considering the abysmal level of Biblical illiteracy and doctrinal discernment that exists in the church to day, I wonder how much of a difference it would make if they did know. The lecturers are blindly accepted as authorities on Christianity simply because they say they are Christians and quote the Bible, which is something that even Satan is particularly good at doing.. And of course the level of hype that exists at PK conferences probably goes a long way towards disguising the lack of a Biblical foundation. 

PDominion-Bill-McCartneyK’s Latter Rain Roots: Founder Bill McCartney has a two pronged root to the Latter Rain.

The Vineyard: Promise Keepers is almost literally a creation of John Wimber’s Vineyards. James Ryle one of the founding Board members of Promise Keepers who has spoken at many PK stadium events around the country, was (or is) the pastor of The Boulder Valley Vineyard Fellowship and pastor to Bill McCartney, who is currently Chairman and CEO of the organization. This, by the way, is the same Ryle who proclaimed at a 1990 Vineyard Conference in Denver that God had instructed him to reveal that the Beatles had a special anointing of the Holy Spirit."

Randy Phillips who was Promise Keepers first employee, and it’s president is also said to be a member of James Ryle’s Vineyard Fellowship.

Word of God Community: In his book Ashes to Glory, Bill McCartney mentions that he enjoyed fellowship with the Word of God (WOG) community in Ann Arbor, Michigan and, on another occasion, has described Jim Berlucci of WOG as one of the most important influences on his life. However WOG is a radical Catholic/ecumenical community. Two of the founders Ralph Martin and Steve Clark were said to have had “a special working relationship” with the Fort Lauderdale Five (Bob Mumford, Derek Prince, Don Basham, Charles Simpson and Ernie Baxter) [41] who all had varying degrees of background in Latter Rain circles and doctrine and initiated the disastrous "Shepherding" movement of the 1970s and 80s.

Eventually, after investigation into WOG’s alleged excessive control and abusive practices, The Word of God community split, and one part of it issuing apologies, regretting “spiritual pride and arrogance, elitism, legalism and an overbearing exercise of pastoral authority.” [Details in Footnote IV]

These roots force one to take a second look at some of McCartney’s theology and teachings, which as it turns out, are very suspect..

Army For God

Promise Keepers speaks of an "army of God" as McCartney declared, when he called upon 39,000 pastors in Atlanta to "take this nation for Jesus,"

In a September 1997 article in The Humanist, author John Swomley quotes a 1995 Promise Keepers video entitled The Next Step: From the Stadium to the Small Group, in which Promise Keeper’s Bill McCartney says …

    "Many of you feel like you have been in a war for a long time, yet the fiercest fighting is just ahead. God has brought us here to prepare us. Let's proceed. It's wartime." He said the clergy must become "the commissioned officers," led in effect by Promise Keepers: "We have a great army that we are assembling. They're Christian men of this nation. However, our leadership, our clergy are not in uniform. Our clergy are divided.... There's no unity of command.... There is tremendous division in our clergy. We have to assume that responsibility." [42]

Promise Keepers potential to be harnessed for the end time warfare by becoming part of Joel’s Army has long been seen by some of the leaders of both the Dominionist and Promise Keepers Camps. Jewel van der Merwe's newsletter, Discernment, reports on an interview of James Ryle by journalist and researcher Russ Bellant.  [Emphasis Added]

In a recent interview in response to a question as to whether the Promise keepers could be fulfilling the Dominion-James_Ryleprophecy in Joel of raising an army, James Ryle answered, 'Yes...300,000 men have come together so far this year under Promise keepers...Never in history have 300,000 men come together except to go to war. These men are gathered for War.” [42b]

[For More information, See Joel’s Army?... The Stench And Foul Smell Of Joel’s Army and
The Promise Keepers and Joel’s Army in Section XIV.

Incidentally, John Swomley also brings up the fact that Promise Keepers not only speaks of organizing an army of men, but has hired retired military officers to help it organize in the armed forces. [Emphasis Added]

    Consonant with the macho military metaphors the organization often uses, Alfred Ross, director of the Center for Democracy Studies, writes, Promise Keepers "not only speaks of organizing an any of men but has hired retired military officers to help it organize in the aimed forces. One of those officers, Richard Abel, a retired Air Force brigadier general, has been conducting `wake-up' calls with hundreds of active duty soldiers. Another is Jim Pack, a retired Green Beret colonel who ... is now PK manager of the Texas region.

    "A third officer, Chuck Stecker, a retired Special Forces lieutenant colonel, has been organizing PK within the military with the aid of some military chaplains. Addressing a 1996 conference of military chaplains in Atlanta, Stecker said: I believe with all my heart that the military structure that we know and love so well is perfect for the accountable relationship which God is calling us to in Promise Keepers.'" [42]

What all this army talk has completely overlooked is brought up by Don Clasen, who notes how unusual God's army is.  “God's army does not need a military chain of command because He does not need one.  In this army, the Commander in Chief is instantly available to lead every soldier personally.  Try doing that with a human army” [43]

The Salvation Army
A December 200 Talk to Action article by Bruce Wilson says

    “With an operating budget, in 2004, of 2.6 billion dollars, the Salvation Army is one of the largest providers of social services in the world. There's been some previous indication, during the last decade, that the religious culture of the Salvation Army, has been changing…. Now, the Salvation Army appeared to have developed a working relationship with C. Peter Wagner's New Apostolic Reformation. The War College, a recent Salvation Army creation with campuses in Chicago and Vancouver, British Columbia, "is affiliated with the Wagner Leadership Institute" and teaches doctrines of the New Apostolic Reformation”. [43b] [For Details See Section III: C Peter Wagner and the New Apostolic Reformation]

Youth With A Mission (YWAM) was founded by Loren and Darlene Cunningham in 1960, and has since reached virtually every nation. “Loren is also the founder and President of the University of the Nations (U of N), YWAM's global university. Since its inception in 1978, the U of N has grown to offer more than 800 courses and seminars (125 different courses/seminars)”. [43c]

JDominion-John-Dawsonohn Dawson is the International President of Youth With A Mission (YWAM), and is known in particular for his spiritual warfare work. He is the author of Taking Our Cities for God: How to Break Spiritual Stronghold, which has been a set YWAM course book for many thousands of students on short term Disciple Training Schools (DTS’s). [See Section VI: Strategic Level Spiritual Warfare]

John Dawson is also one of the leaders in the forefront of the Identificational Repentance movement which deals with a supposed spiritual principle that iniquity passes from generation to generation. Since nations sin corporately it is only by identifying with a corporate group of people and confessing that group's sins that we can stop the cycle of hereditary iniquity and God can “heal the land”. Ezra and Nehemiah are commonly held up as examples of men who “so identified with the people that they were interceding for, that they considered themselves guilty with them”.  [See Section VII: Identificational Repentance]

Of John Dawson’s book Healing America's Wounds, C Peter Wagner says

    Fortunately, we now have a textbook on the subject, namely John Dawson's remarkable book, Healing America's Wounds (Regal Books). In my opinion, this is one of the books of the decade for Christian leaders of all denominations. Only because we now have access to this book has the United Prayer Track or the AD2000 Movement been bold enough to declare 1996 as the year to 'Heal the Land,' featuring massive initiatives for repentance and reconciliation on every continent of the world. This is so important to me that I require my students at Fuller Theological Seminary to read Healing America's Wounds and I invite John Dawson himself to come in and help me teach my classes.

    Some may wonder what international significance a book like Healing America's Wounds might have. Only this. We Americans are not ignorant of the fact that our nation has gained high international visibility for many things, some good, but some very bad. Now by God's grace many American Christian leaders want our nation also to be known for our deep remorse over the national sins and atrocities we have committed. We want to be among the first to corporately humble ourselves before God and before the people we have offended, to confess our sins, and to seek remission of those sins in order to heal our deep national wounds. With no desire to be arrogant, we hope that if we provide a good example which pleases God, some other nations may see fit to follow our lead. [43d]

Not only was C. Peter Wagner was on the YWAM "Board Of Reference" for the 30 Days Muslim Prayer Focus [43e], but YWAM has interaction with Mike Bickle’s International House of Prayer (IHOP), as an excerpt from IHOP’s site dated December 28th 2009 shows. [Emphasis In Original]

    Loren Cunningham is speaking at onething'09 - Free WebstreamDominion-Loren-Cunningham

    The onething'09 conference begins today, here in Kansas City. With over 20,000 people registered to come, this is the largest onething conference we have had yet. Furthermore, we have just recieved news that Loren Cunningham will coming to speak at the onething'09 conference.

    Loren is the founder of Youth With A Mission (YWAM) and is recognized by many as the premier statesman and father in the missions movement worldwide. YWAM currently has about 25,000 full-time staff worldwide making it and Campus Crusade for Christ the two largest missions organizations in history. He started YWAM in 1960 and YWAM is celebrating their 50th anniversary throughout 2010, thus his schedule is very full.

    However, just last week, Loren was stirred by the Lord to come to the onething conference and has made last minute changes to his schedule to join Mike Bickle and the IHOP–KC leadership team because of the significance of what we believe is going to occur at this conference.

    We believe that Loren’s coming to this conference signals something significant in God’s heart. Loren believes that this event could play a key role in preparing the way for what God is going to do in 2010. [43f]

American Vision says it’s Mission is to “Restore America to its Biblical Foundation”, It’s Vision

 Is “An America that recognizes the sovereignty of God over all of life, where Christians apply a Biblical worldview to every facet of society. This future America will be again a “city on a hill” drawing all nations to the Lord Jesus Christ and teaching them to subdue the earth for the advancement of His Kingdom” and the Strategy to accomplish all this is seems to be a little more peaceful (thankfully) than other organizations. They say

    “Just as the Apostle Paul used the Roman highways to spread the Gospel, American Vision uses the Internet, Radio, Television, Audio/Video Resources, Publications, and Training Seminars to equip Christians with a Biblical worldview and empower them to fulfill the Great Commission and the Cultural mandate”. [43g]

[This phrase cultural mandate is one of the buzz phrases used by many Dominionists. Unfortunately for them the concept is not commanded, nor even implied in the Scriptures)

American Vision held their third Worldview Super Conference on July 22–25, 2009 at the Midway Presbyterian Church in Powder Springs, Georgia with several speakers including Gary North and Gary DeMar, president of the organization. The theme was The Great Reversal: How Christians Will Change the Future.

The conference promised to teach howChristians can use new media (the Internet, print-on-demand, discussion boards, in-home broadcasting, pod-casting, etc.) to make an “end-run” around the liberal stronghold to advance the Gospel and a Christian Worldview”, then asked the question.. A Great Reversal is coming. Are you ready to be a part of it? [44]

And PLEASE MAKE ABSOLUTELY NO MISTAKE HERE… It is more than likely that we have exactly the same issues with secular society and government that American Vision does. We are also horrified at the evil that is being openly paraded in a society of sin-blinded pleasure seekers that embraces sinfulness, ungodliness, immorality and depravity, rejecting God at every turn and twist. A society that has taken prayer and Bible study from public schools, and replaced the truth of Creation with the theory of evolution. banned the Ten Commandments and nativity scenes from the public square and stricken the words "under God" from the Pledge of Allegiance. We celebrate homosexuality and same-sex marriage, accept abortion and turn a blind eye to pornography. We glory in violence and are so selfish, so bound in our avarice, fornication, and sexual lust, that we murder our own offspring in the womb (or at birth as in partial-birth infanticide).  Our hands are covered in blood, and yet we think lighting a candle and lifting them up while mumbling “God Bless America” is going to bring God’s favor.

However the Reconstructionists/Dominionists think they have the answer and that is…

The Reconstructionist Blueprint … A Return to Mosaic Law
By Dr. Bruce Prescott of the Westminster Presbyterian Church points out the Reconstructionist blueprint for America   

    At its root, Reconstructionism is a militant Biblicism… a revival of the holy war theology of the Hebrew Bible under the guise of Christianity.  To a man, Reconstructionists believe that Biblical prophecies assure them that they will ultimately be victorious in the war they wage …

    …The laws that Reconstructionists want to enforce are those of Ancient Israel. They believe that the Mosaic law is God’s blueprint for all societies. Transported to the context of twenty-first century America, they see themselves as “Christian Libertarians.” Stripped to its barest essentials, here is their blueprint for America.  Their ultimate goal is to make the U.S. Constitution conform to a strict, literal interpretation of Biblical law.  To do that involves a series of legal and social reforms that will move society toward their goal.  1) Make the ten commandments the law of the land, 2) Reduce the role of government to the defense of property rights, 3) Require “tithes” to ecclesiastical agencies to provide welfare services, 4) Close prisons – reinstitute slavery as a form of punishment and require capital punishment for all of ancient Israel’s capital offenses – including apostasy, blasphemy, incorrigibility in children, murder, rape, Sabbath breaking, sodomy, and witchcraft,  5) Close public schools – make parents totally responsible for the education of their children, and 6) Strengthen patriarchically ordered families. [45]

He certainly doesn’t seem to be far off the mark. I have read several times that Gary North is supposed to have said that women who have abortions should be publicly executed, "along with those who advised them to abort their children”, but can not confirm this.

An online political research magazine called The Public Eye ran an article on Christian Reconstructionism. In it they quoted  the Rev. Joe Morecraft, pastor of Chalcedon Presbyterian Church in Cumming Georgia, who spoke at the 1993 Biblical World View and Christian Education Conference,

    Morecraft discussed with relish the police power of the state. His belief in the persecution of nonbelievers and those who are insufficiently orthodox is crystal clear. Morecraft described democracy as "mob rule," and stated that the purpose of "civil government" is to "terrorize evil doers. . . to be an avenger!" he shouted, "To bring down the wrath of God to bear on all those who practice evil!"

    "And how do you terrorize an evil doer?" he asked. "You enforce Biblical law!" The purpose of government, he said, is "to protect the church of Jesus Christ," and, "Nobody has the right to worship on this planet any other God than Jehovah. And therefore the state does not have the responsibility to defend anybody's pseudo-right to worship an idol!" "There ain't no such thing" as religious pluralism, he declared. Further, "There has never been such a condition in the history of mankind. There is no such place now. There never will be." [46]

As Pastor Gary Gilley points out…

    The belief pivots on Matthew 5:17-19 where Reconstructionists claim that the word translated fulfill actually means confirm. Therefore Jesus did not in any sense fulfill, the Law, but confirmed it as our rule of life today. “It should be mentioned at this point that the normal and best translation of plerosai is fulfill and not confirm." [47]

Reconstructionists ignore several passages in the Old Testament that indicate that the Law, including the Ten Commandments and the Sabbath were given only to the nation of Israel, and that only at a certain point in their history (For instance, no mention is made of any of the patriarchs keeping the Sabbath).

Those that insist that this is not so lack a basic grasp of two very important factors… a) The fascinating subject of Types and Antitypes, and b) An overall pictures of what Jesus was saying in a key chapter of the Gospels... Matthew 5.  

While it is true that Jesus’ statements that He had not come to abolish (or destroy) the law or the prophets and that the tiniest part of the law will not pass away until all things be accomplished, suggests that the binding nature of the law of Moses will remain forever in effect. This appears to contradict much of the rest of the New Testament. So was the Mosaic law abolished or wasn’t it?  The New Covenant is not based on new law, but on the same law given to Moses in the Old Testament. However it actually demands a higher degree of holiness and obedience to God.The seamless relationship between the Old and New Testaments has been dealt with in depth here.. Jesus and The Law

Also ignored is the fact that several of the authors of the New Testament are unambiguous that the law was a curse we have been redeemed from. Yet amazingly the Reconstructionists wish to reinstate this very same law which failed to transform mankind on the first go around. What exactly they hope to accomplish this time is anyone’s guess.

The Bible is unambiguous in what changes the heart of man…   the gospel is “the power of God for salvation to everyone who believes” [Romans 1:16] and “the word of God is living and active and sharper than any two-edged sword, and piercing as far as the division of soul and spirit, of both joints and marrow, and able to judge the thoughts and intentions of the heart”. [Hebrews 4:12]

But these little details are usually overlooked.

In the words of Jon Zens & Cliff Bjork [All Emphasis Added]

    It is not the Ten Commandments or any other law-based moral code that has been divinely invested with the power to change lives, for "no one will be declared righteous in his sight by observing the law" (Romans 3:20). That power has been given exclusively to the gospel of Jesus Christ, the only "power of God for the salvation [and consequent moral renewal] of everyone who believes" (Romans 1:16). It is not our responsibility to convince sinners of their need to embrace a moral code, therefore, but to humbly receive the "righteousness from God [that] comes through the faithfulness of Jesus Christ to all who believe" (Rom. 3:22). Adding new laws or enforcing old laws will not make sinners morally responsive, but changing hearts and minds will – and that is the business of the gospel of Jesus Christ, not politics!

    To suggest, therefore, that society’s moral corruption can be arrested by simply imposing "values" in line with an alleged "Judeo-Christian tradition" through governmental legislation is not only absurd – it is an affront to the redemptive accomplishments of Jesus Christ, "for if righteousness could be gained through the law, Christ died for nothing!" (Gal. 2:21). If, as many of these leaders argue, society can be significantly improved by enforcing an ethical code – apart from faith in Jesus Christ – does not true evangelism become, at best, a secondary issue?

[See A Better Society Without The Gospel?   And   The Christian and Social Action]

Core Beliefs and Practices

Manifest Sons of God: Although it was not a widespread view, some leaders of the Latter Rain movement taught…[All Emphasis Added]

    “…that as the end of the age approached, that the "overcomers" would arise within the Church. These Manifest Sons of God, ones who have come into the full stature of Jesus Christ would receive the spirit without measure. They would be as Jesus was when He was on earth, they would receive a number of divine gifts, including the ability to change their physical location, to speak any language through the Holy Spirit, and would be able to perform divine healings and other miracles. They would complete the work of God restoring man's rightful position as was originally mandated in Genesis, and at last by coming into the full stature of Christ usher in the millennial reign of Christ.” [48]

However this viewpoint is gaining ground at an alarming rate... [See Section II: Manifest Sons of God]

The Five-Fold Ministry: The Latter Rain brought in a new focus on the spiritual elements of Christianity including personal prophecy, the restoration of the five-fold ministry (apostle, prophet, evangelist, pastor, teacher) mentioned in Ephesians 4:11-12, and a different end time emphasis. It is believed that under the rule of these prophets and apostles, the church will be ''perfected'':

    "And he gave some, apostles; and some, prophets; and some, evangelists; and some, pastors and teachers; For the perfecting of the saints, for the work of the ministry, for the edifying of the body of Christ."

It is even now believed that in order for the saints to be perfected (made sinless) the office of apostles and prophets must be not only restored but recognized as voices of authority. It is no coincidence that we are seeing many ‘Christian” leaders referring to themselves and each other as "apostles" and "prophets".

See Section III: Peter Wagner and the New Apostolic Reformation

Section IV: Genuine New Testament Apostles Or Deluded Con Men
Section V:
Biblical Accountability and Authority.

Territorial Spirits/Strategic Level Spiritual Warfare/Portals: All too many Dominionists have an xcessive interest in all things supernatural, which has found expression in two related beliefs and practices...

    1) Territorial Spirits/Strategic Level Spiritual Warfare which believes that certain spirits have control over certain geo-political locations and in order for the Gospel to reach people these sprits have  to be “bound” and their hold on the area broken.

    2) Portals are geographic locations on Earth that possess super-spiritual access to the realm of the Divine and that Heaven and Earth can be aligned by cleansing the area of demonic spirits.

Certainly these beliefs are closely tied in with Dominionism… inasmuch as binding territorial spirits is an crucial step towards the Christianization of the world, leading to the establishment of God’s kingdom on earth before Christ can or will return.  And, of course, Heaven and Earth have to be ‘aligned’. [See Section VI: Strategic Level Spiritual Warfare (SLSW) and Section VIII: Portals to Heaven]

Identificational Repentance

…deals with a supposed spiritual principle that iniquity passes from generation to generation. Since nations sin corporately it is only by identifying with a corporate group of people and confessing that group's sins that we can stop the cycle of hereditary iniquity and God can “heal the land”. Ezra and Nehemiah are commonly held up as examples of men who “so identified with the people that they were interceding for, that they considered themselves guilty with them”. 

While 2 Chronicles 7:14 is very commonly used as ‘proof text’ that if the Christians in America (or other country), will seek God's face then He will hear their prayer and heal the country in question. These examples however either present only half of the picture, ignore context, and/or leave out important details. [See Section VII: Identificational Repentance]

  001orange Section II: The Manifest Sons of God..The First Core Doctrine of the Dominionist Movement.
 In an unprecedented display of delusions of grandeur, the dominionist leadership believes they, the Manifest Sons Of God, are the last-day apostles and prophets… that they are a company of overcomers who when the mantle of Elijah falls on them, will be transfigured just as Jesus was transfigured. This will not only make them and their cohorts greater than Elijah, Elisha and all the prophets of the Old Testament, but their glory will actually exceed that of Jesus on the Mount. They also believe that they hold the key to Jesus’ return.



Foot Note I
Bishop Earl P. Paulk who died early 2009 at the age of 81, was co-founder of Chapel Hill Harvester (mega) Church in Georgia. According to a Los Angeles Times article

    Paulk's church, which he co-founded with his brother, Don, grew from a tiny congregation in the 1960s to a massive enterprise with 10,000 members, an international television ministry, a Bible college and a $12-million sanctuary on an expansive 100-acre plot in Decatur, Ga. Paulk was invited to a White House prayer breakfast by then-President Reagan, and the church was named one of former President George H. W. Bush's "1,000 Points of Light." [49]

However the influence and popularity of this mega church waned, dogged by reports of Paulk’s marital infidelities. One woman claiming that he molested her as a child while another said he coerced her into an affair. In 2005, one woman, Mona Brewer, a church singer, sued him alleging that the two had engage in an adulterous relationship spanning 14 years. Paulk subsequently admitted to the affair, but in a sworn affidavit, he later said that she was the only woman he had had sex with outside his marriage. However this was far from the truth

    In October 2007, a court-ordered paternity test revealed that he was the biological father of D. E. Paulk, by then in his 30s, who had always been told that Earl Paulk was his uncle and that Don Paulk, Earl’s brother, was his father.

    In January 2008, Earl Paulk pleaded guilty to lying under oath. He was fined $1,000 and sentenced to 10 years’ probation. [50]

In August of 2009, The Atlanta Journal-Constitution reported that

    the 51 acre church property which consisted of a 6,000-seat main auditorium, large fellowship hall, offices, classrooms and theater, was put on the market last year for $24.5 million and eventually bought by Greater Traveler’s Rest Baptist Church for 17.6 million. [51] [PLACE IN TEXT]

Foot Note II
Paul Cain
The abuses of the Latter-Rain ministries caused Cain to retreat to his home state of Texas for many years of exile.  Cain, however, claims he was given a promise by the Lord that if he would keep himself pure from the corruption of self-promotion and financial gain that the Lord would use him to help anoint a group of prophets yet to be revealed. 

Cain came out of retirement and met the leadership of the Kansas City prophets led by Mike Bickle, who along with Bob Jones and others in Kansas City not only recognized him as the chief among all the prophets, but received him as their "spiritual father". Cain is certainly celebrated in charismatic circles for his accuracy as a New Testament prophet. His web site says

    While still in his mothers womb, an angel appeared to his mother with a message from the Lord: "The fruit of your womb is a male child. Name him Troas Paul. He will preach the gospel as the Apostle Paul of old.... and he will prophesy to Kings and Presidents."

However, Cain stepped down from ministry in 2005...  disciplined and disfellowshiped by three church leaders last fall after they determined he had engaged in a pattern of unbiblical behavior that included heavy drinking and homosexuality. Joyner, Bickle and Deere made their initial charges public because they found proof that Cain was involved in long-term homosexual activity and often got drunk, sometimes in public. [52]

Cain initially denied the charges in a statement on his own Web site, maintaining that his reputation was being attacked. But three months later he decided to come clean. "I am as guilty as I can be," he told Charisma. "I am going for counseling. I am getting as much help as I can." In "A Letter of Confession" excerpted in Charisma Magazine, Cain admitted...

    "I have struggled with homosexuality for an extended period of time," Cain said in his written apology. "I have struggled with alcoholism for an extended period of time. I apologize for denying these matters of truth, rather than readily admitting them. I am ashamed of what I have done to hurt those close to me and for the pain I have caused those who have believed in my ministry." [52]

[Has anyone considered that someone involved in long term sexual sins actually doesn’t have a “ministry”?]

Meanwhile, Deere, Bickle and Joyner said they regret giving Cain a platform. "I think our basic mistake was to overlook a lot of serious and obvious warning signs," Joyner told Charisma. Jack Deere states that they

    “cannot say with confidence that this is a genuine restoration that is according to the principles of God's Word. It will be harmful to Paul and others if he is released prematurely and then relapses into his past failures”. [53] [PLACE IN TEXT]

Foot Note III.
Quotes by Rushdoony [56]

    All men are NOT created equal before God; the facts of heaven and hell, election and reprobation make clear that they are not equal. Moreover, an employer has aproperty rights to prefer whom he will in terms of "color" creed, race or national origin. [R.J. Rushdoony, The Institutes of Biblical Law (Nutley, NJ: Craig Press, 1973), p. 509/510.

    The matriarchal society is thus decadent or broken society. The strongly matriarchal character of Negro life is due to the moral failure of Negro men, their failure to be responsible, to support the family, or to provide authority. The same is true of American Indian tribes which are also matriarchal today." [R.J. Rushdoony, The Institutes of Biblical Law (Nutley, NJ: Craig Press, 1973), p. 203]

    The (Biblical) Law here is humane and also unsentimental. It recognizes that some people are by nature slaves and will always be so. It both requires that they be dealt with in a godly manner and also that the slave recognizes his position and accepts it with grace."  [R.J. Rushdoony, The Institutes of Biblical Law (Nutley, NJ: Craig Press, 1973), p. 251]

    "While all Scripture is God's law word, the heart of that law is the law of Moses." [R.J. Rushdoony, The Institutes of Biblical Law (Nutley, NJ: Craig Press, 1973), p. 675.] [PLACE IN TEXT]

Foot Note IV
The Word of God Community

“The Word of God community, founded by Steve Clark and Ralph Martin, grew out of the Catholic charismatic movement. From a small group in November 1967, it expanded rapidly and was eventually to become the head community of a whole federation of Sword of the Spirit communities. In September 1970 Clark and Martin began to restructure the community so that the members became more and more under the control of coordinators, and by 1972 a hierarchical system of authority called shepherding was in place. This kind of control reached the point in which the shepherds would judge for their subordinates everything from what friendships should be kept or broken, all the way down to whether it was permissible to hold hands or kiss on a date. They didn’t shrink, either, from helping to arrange marriages and imposing gender roles of the sort of whether a father should help in the care of his child. In short, somewhere along the line, The Word of God had moved from being a Christian community to thinking and acting like a cult.

With excessive control went: “esoteric language and titles; secrecy; exclusivity; declarations of war on some vague enemy; personal messages from a higher source.” Secrecy extended even to keeping secret the promise of secrecy. God spoke to the leaders, and the leaders spoke to the members, and these divine messages made them all a special people: “I am going to give you my Spirit in a way I have never given my Spirit to any people.” The members were given preparation for the baptism of the Spirit, and an extensive ministry of deliverance from demons was carried out among them. These demons included not only lust and greed, but “independence, rebellion, feminism, isolation, etc.,” as well as problems of self-image and guilt. Eventually local bishops took a closer look at these communities, and then took action. The Word of God community split, and one part of it issued apologies, regretting “spiritual pride and arrogance, elitism, legalism and an overbearing exercise of pastoral authority.” [54]

“Major change is also taking place within a network of charismatic Catholic communities because of the efforts of former members to expose the excessive control and abusive practices alleged to have occurred. The Word of God Community in Ann Arbor, Michigan, has undergone a split, and cofounders Ralph Martin and Steve Clark have experienced a parting of the ways. Word of God leaders, in a March 1991 letter to members, expressed a desire to repent of “spiritual pride and arrogance, elitism, legalism and an overbearing exercise of pastoral authority.” Several months later the same leaders told assembled members that people were no longer to be under anyone’s control, in effect renouncing the shepherding practices of the past. The basic issue that divides Martin and Clark is the nature of pastoral care and authority in Christian community. Martin’s faction has opted for a more moderate pastoral system with less emphasis on submission, while Clark maintains that covenant community leaders have been entrusted with the spiritual and material welfare of the members, and therefore must exercise responsible pastoral authority over those members”. (National Catholic Report, June 21, 1991) [55]  [PLACE IN TEXT]

End Notes
All URL’s Accessed December 2009

[01] Pastor Gary Gilley. Dominion Theology.

[02]The Gospel According to Paulk: A Critique of "Kingdom Theology. by Robert M. Bowman, Jr., with Craig S. Hawkins and Dan R. Schlesinger. Christian Research Journal.  http://www.iclnet.org/pub/resources/text/cri/cri-jrnl/web/crj0022a.html

[03] [Tricia Tillin. The Restoration Movement (Part Two of Three) http://www.intotruth.org/res/restore2.html]

[04] As quoted on Bible Discernment Ministries. http://www.rapidnet.com/~jbeard/bdm/exposes/kennedy/general.htm

[05] David Gushee. Opinion: Kingdom theology makes a comeback.

[05b] Dominion Theology and Genesis 1:26. http://www.religioustolerance.org/tomek30.htm

[06] C Peter Wagner. Dominion!: How Kingdom Action Can Change the World Chosen (February 1, 2008). Page 6

[07] C Peter Wagner. Dominion!: How Kingdom Action Can Change the World Chosen (February 1, 2008). Page 7

[08] C. Peter Wagner. Engaging the Enemy How to Fight and Defeat Territorial Spirits, 1991. Introduction by Wagner. As quoted in http://www.letusreason.org/Latrain33.htm

[09] Richard Riss, 'The Latter Rain Movement of 1948 and the Mid-twentieth Century Evangelical Awakening' (Vancouver, B.C.: Thesis), p.89 as quoted in Kingdom Theology, by Albert James Dager.

[10] Arthur Wallis. Origins of the new charismatic churches in the UK.

[11] Tricia Tillin The Restoration Movement (Part Two of Three) http://www.intotruth.org/res/restore2.html

[12] Churches That Abuse — Online Book. Chapter 11.

[13] Life On Wings.. A Tribute to Dr. Ern Baxter.

[14] "Thy Kingdom Come!" - Part 1 - Kansas City Shepherds Conference 1975.

[15] Life On Wings.. A Tribute to Dr. Ern Baxter.

[16] Mike Bickle. Growing in the Prophetic. Creation House; New edition (June 1996). Page 30-31

[17] Institute for the Study of American Evangelicals. Hall of biography… John Wimber.

[18] Wagner Leadership Institute. About C. Peter Wagner. http://wagnerleadership.com/Peter.htm

[19] Mike Bickle. Growing in the Prophetic. Creation House; New edition (June 1996). Page 14

[20] Orrel Steinkamp. Paul Cain, Latter Rain Prophet of Renown Is Now Discredited, The Plumbline, Volume 9, No. 5, December 2004. http://www.deceptioninthechurch.com/orrel19.html

[20b] http://www.thesharonstar.org/]

[20c] Strange fire. The New Order Of The Latter Rain by L. Thomas Holdcroft, 1980. http://www.spiritwatch.org/firelatter2.htm

[20d] http://www.gem-international.org/

[20e] http://www.gem-international.org/gatherings1.html

[20f] Christianity Today/March 19, 1990 By Randy Frame

[20g] http://www.youthnow.org/site/index.php?option=com_content&task=view&id=55&Itemid=31

[20h] http://www.youthnow.org/site/index.php?option=com_content&task=view&id=65&Itemid=32

[20i] http://www.morningstarministries.org/Groups/1000013354/MorningStar_Ministries/Store/Store.aspx

[21] Kingdom Theology. By Albert James Dager. http://www.apologeticsindex.org/l04.html

[22] Dr. Bill Hamon answers your questions about the eternal Church. By Jennifer LeClaire.

[23] C Peter Wagner. Dominion!: How Kingdom Action Can Change the World. Chosen (February 1, 2008) Pgs. 6-7

[24] http://www.theopedia.com/Open_theism

[25] Gary North. Unholy Spirits (Fort Worth: Dominion Press, 1986), p.394

[26] John Sugg. A Nation Under God. http://www.motherjones.com/politics/2005/12/nation-under-god

[27] Gary Gilley. Dominion Theology. http://www.svchapel.org/resources/articles/22-contemporary-issues/518-dominion-theology

[28] Coalition on Revival.

[29] http://www.blackandchristian.com/articles/pulpit/blackwell-11-01.shtml

[30] Coalition on Revival. A Word From Our Director.

[31] Theocratic Dominionism Gains Influence by Frederick Clarkson. Part 3… No Longer Without Sheep (March/June 1994).

[32] Al Dager, Vengeance Is Ours, 1990, pg. 93-94 citing Pat Robertson

[33] Web site of Regent University Robertson Graduate School of Government. http://www.regent.edu/acad/schgov/


[35] Theocratic Dominionism Gains Influence by Frederick Clarkson. Part 3… No Longer Without Sheep (March/June 1994).

[36] http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Herb_Titus

[37] http://www.washingtonpost.com/wp-dyn/content/article/2007/05/05/AR2007050501081.html

[38] http://www.regent.edu/news_events/giuliani.cfm

[39] http://hamptonroads.com/2009/09/former-regent-assistant-dean-wife-guilty-child-sex-abuse

[40] Web site of Promise Keepers. http://www.promisekeepers.org/about/pkhistory

[41] http://www.intotruth.org/res/lastdl3.html

[42] This article does not seem to be available on The Humanist Site archives
[http://www.thehumanist.org/humanist/sept-oct-97-humanist.html] but can be read here …

[42b] http://www.discernment-ministries.org/NL_Oct-Dec1994.pdf

[43] Don Clasen. The Destroyed Foundations - The Word. Part 3:. http://www.intotruth.org/res/lastdl3.html

[43b] http://www.talk2action.org/story/2008/12/26/134754/19
[43c] http://www.ywam.org/notfound.asp?404;http://www.ywam.org:80/contents/

[43d] C. Peter Wagner. The Power to Heal the Past. http://www.pastornet.net.au/renewal/journal8/8d-wagnr.html

[43e] http://www.ywam.org/PRAYER/muslim/99musl/introduction.pdf

[43f] Loren Cunningham is speaking at onething'09 - Free Webstream

[43g] http://www.americanvision.org/about/ministry/

[44] Worldview Super Conference IV http://conference.americanvision.org/?page_id=57

[45] Dr. Bruce Prescott . Christian Reconstructionism. Interfaith Alliance forum on Religious Extremism. Westminster Presbyterian Church.  http://www.mainstreambaptists.org/mob4/dominionism.htm

[46] Theocratic Dominionism Gains Influence by Frederick Clarkson. Part 3 No Longer Without Sheep (March/June 1994)

[47] Pastor Gary Gilley, Dominion Theology. http://www.svchapel.org/resources/articles/22-contemporary-issues/518-dominion-theology

[48] Revival Library Pensketches...Stanley Frodsham 

[49] The Los Angeles Times Obituaries. Earl Paulk dies at 81; progressive evangelical's legacy fell to sex scandals

[50] New York Times. Earl Paulk, Founder of a Megachurch, Is Dead at 81. April 3, 2009.

[51] http://www.ajc.com/news/dekalb/huge-church-founded-by-112327.html

[52] Prophetic Minister Paul Cain Issues Public Apology for Immoral Lifestyle. Monday, 28 February 2005

[53] An Update on Paul Cain. January 29, 2007 http://www.jackdeere.com/thoughts/an_update_on_pa.html

[54] James Arraj. The Church, the Council and the Unconscious: How Hidden Forces Shaped the Catholic Church. Chapter 6. New Movements, Old Wine Skins

[55] Abusive Churches Will Always Exist. Chapter 11: Challenge and Change.

[56] As quoted in Christian Reconstructionism Quotes. http://www.politicalamazon.com/cr-quotes.html]


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